In 1996, Paramount pictures made a movie called “A Civil Action” from one of the best-selling books by Jonathan Harr. The author depicts the real-life incidence where water played a factor of life and death in this small town of Woburn, Massachusetts. The premise of the movie starts with one child being diagnosed with a rare disease known as leukemia. Then more and more people to include the children were getting diagnosed with leukemia. One of the mothers decides this could not be a coincidence but an epidemic of some sort.
The mother hires a lawyer and when investigating these cases, the finding showed that all the people had trichloroethylene (TCE) in their body. So what was the common link with all of the victims? The water! The town’s water supply was contaminated . There were three major companies to include a chemical company involved in the contamination of the water supply. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) witnessed and found these companies guilty from contaminating the town’s water supply by dumping waste in the rivers and wells.
This is just one environmental problem that was observed then and is still happening now the need for environmental action on shortages and water pollution by contaminating and overconsumption. This paper will explain the relationship between the preservation of the environment and psychology, give an solution to control water, give at least one legal barrier, political, and economic barrier that exists for solving the environmental problem of water control and how these barriers can be overcome, and propose an outcome and justification of why the solution to the identified problem will be successful, based upon scholarly research.
The relationship between psychology and the preservation of the environment is through conservation psychology. According to Saunders (2003), conservation psychology is defined as, “the scientific study of the reciprocal relationships between humans and the rest of nature, with a particular focus on how to encourage conservation of the natural world. ” Psychology is defined as “the scientific study of human thought, feeling, and behavior” (Clayton &Myers, 2009). The preservation of the environment and psychology are related because the two compromises both applied and pure sciences and both are found within conservation psychology.
In order to preserve the environment, theories and methods are used to solve and understand issues related to human aspects of conservation. In the United States, the wise use of “natural resources” to provide the best values for the future as well as the present. Conservation by nature is value-driven because the focus is on human benefits by emphasizing the world can be more sustainable for many life forms to share the planet. Conservation psychology mission is focused on encouraging people to take care and care about the natural world (Saunders, 2003).
In addition, conservation psychology is also the actual network of practitioners and researchers to work together to promote, sustain, and understand the relationship between the natural environment and humans (Saunders, 2003). Conservation psychology is the new name for applied psychology which is mostly linked with conservation initiatives targeting behavior change to protect people-animal interactions, protect natural resources, and natural resources of management. Conservation psychology promotes a harmonious and sustainable relationship between the natural environment and people.
In the problem of water control, a person should be educated on the preservation on water because despite the world being majority water, more than half of the water cannot be consumed because it is too salty. Psychology is more about relationships and humans experience as it is about the human behavior. Over the course of an individual’s lifetime, the relationship between nature and humans develops. Both are culturally and socially shaped. Understanding the relationship of the natural work well enough to defend and celebrate that relationship is another research area for conservation psychology (Clayton &Myers, 2009).
Water is and has always played a huge role in the functioning of the earth. Without water the world itself would not be a suitable place to live in. That is why it is so very important for an individual not to pollute the water supply that is left. Water pollution can be cause by several different things which can include: chemicals, plastics and oil spills. Because of all the droughts everyone has been experiencing over the last decade, the water supply is already not as plentiful as it had been in the past.
These are a couple of common ways that can pollute our water as a nation no one really have no control over; many people would assume this is just Mother Nature taking her toll on the environment. However, there are several other factors that are caused by the people that we can control to prevent the water supply form being polluted. Water pollution can include any chemical, physical or biological change in which can leave a permanent effect on the Earths water supply (Clayton & Myers, 2009).
Some of the ways that we can prevent this from happening is to make sure that every individual is recycling all of our plastics, not littering, making sure that all of the maintenance is up to date on vehicles and not over indulging in using unnecessary water. It is the responsibility of everyone, so if we all try our best to work toward these goals we will be able to prevent as much pollution as possible, and have a plentiful supply of pure and clean water. When humans drink polluted water it often has serious effects on their health. Water pollution can also make water unsuited for the desired use.
Water pollution is a problem that is not new to the environment. The severity of water pollution has struck environmentalists all over the world. Even though, there have been strict laws implemented none of them really have been enforced. The water pollution problem is so bad Environment Protection Agency (EPA) had to get involved. There are many variables that play a significant role in the quality and sustainability of our potable water. Some of these variables are political influence, economics, as well as, legal barriers that enforce rules and regulations.
These same variables can also keep individuals from obtaining potable water. Political economy is interested in the impact of values and political ideologies on behavior. Contrary to some donor narratives, ‘sustainable development’ can mean different things to different actors, depending on their interests, values and ideology ( O’Meally, 2009). When discussing the political economic influences of our water pollution and drinking water we see that there are many different underlying factors that dictate how we get our water. For us who live in the United States of America we have it easy.
Most people can obtain clean water from just about any corner for free. The fact that most people in the U. S. can have drinking water but others around the world cannot receive clean drinking water. These people I am talking about are people who live in third world countries who also live in a completely different governmental system. Third world cultures, in many cases are deprived of their clean water and are forced to drink dirty water with many different diseases. They are deprived of clean water by their own political leaders who hoard many resources let alone water.
To this day many church missions, Red Cross, and many other organizations have taken their time and money to help those people in third world nations. There are many implications for why we have rules and regulations of our water and pollution within our water. Some of these proposed implications are both positive and negative. There are many laws that are dictated by the environmental protection agency. These laws control how water is cleaned and at what quality water is able to be drank. The EPA also creates and backs laws that protect the entire environment.
For example, the EPA dictates how chemicals are to be handled and disposed of properly. Another example would be fugitive emissions. Fugitive emissions are the regulation of gas and liquids that are being released into the atmosphere. If there are gases, vapors, liquids, leaking then there is a high likelihood that those chemicals can reach our water sources. There are some precautionary measures that the EPA has enforced upon industry and society. For example, water must be tested and treated properly before being distributed to people or the environment.
According to the clean water act it made it unlawful to discharge any pollutant from a point source into navigable waters, unless a permit was obtained. Even if there was a permit obtained there is still more than likely heavy finds for discharges. The clean water act tries to control any and all waste water containment, and the processing of the water. There are many law, rules, and regulations that dictate the quality of our water. There are some rule and regulations that have been set into place to help our environment to become more sustainable.
Other laws have been put into place to help the water industry be more efficient and cleaner. Industry has had a great influence on how individuals receive their water. This mostly applies to those individuals who buy water from a company that has supposedly filtered the water better than tap. There have been very few studies that try to prove that bottled water is any better than clean tap water. The water industry has successfully influenced the masses into believing that their water is cleaner, more pure and beneficial.
This industry has given society a false sense of security when it comes to their drinking water. There are some positives to bottled water for those who cannot obtain clean drinking water. These companies provide a very good service for those who need water for various reasons. The negative of this industry would be that they have taken a necessity and capitalized off of peoples need for clean drinking water. Since water pollution is an indispensable resource, there is a great need to find a solution to keep the water clean (Clayton & Myers, 2009).
Here are a few random water pollution solutions to keep water clean. The Federal Water Quality Act of 1965 and the Clean Water Restoration Act of 1966 is a simple solution to be enforced in existing laws. These laws need to penalize anyone who is found breaking the water pollution laws. Another solution is stopping deforestation by planting more trees and preventing oil spills, by regulating and inspecting the movement of commercial ships. Transportation also has been an issue for some years, deciding to use hybrid and electric cars to stop the amount of pollution in the air.
An individual could ride their bicycle or walk once a week to contribute to staying health and keeping the environment free of pollution. Conclusion This paper discusses some of the proposed problems and solutions involving water control. Water control can help humans and the environment by everyone doing their part by reducing their use of water. Some examples, are to promote awareness of the effects contaminating the earths water supply, not letting the water run continuously, tightening up leaky faucets or pipes, and educating people and the surroundings about how important water control is.
To include the proper ways of containing and processing water ways, such as, rivers, ponds, lakes, ditches. The reader now basically understands how psychology and the preservation of the environment are related to conservation psychology. reducing the use and conserving water can solve water control, explained how politics, economical legal barriers can overcome water control, We have also discussed a few proposed the best solution, justifications, and beliefs when identifying the problems in water control based upon scholarly research.
Clayton, S. & Myers, G. (2009). Conservation psychology: Understanding andpromoting human care for nature. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. Clean Water Act (1972) http://www.epa.gov/lawsregs/laws/cwa.html O’Meally. (2009) Political economy, water and the MDGs. Retrievedfromhttp://www.odi.org.uk/opinion/docs/4305.pdf\ Saunders, C. (2003). Emerging Field of Conservation Psychology. Human EcologyReview, Vol. 10(2). Retrieved from: http://www.humanecologyreview.org/pastissues/her102/102saunders.pdf