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Introduction chapter and Globalization Essays

Introduction chapter and Globalization (PPT)
1. Alfred Wegener’s supercontinent is known as:
Pangaea
2. The process by which a tectonic plate consisting of less heavy rock rides up over a heavier plate is known as: Subduction
3. The current interglacial period is known as the:
Holocene
4. Which water body is surrounded by a geologically-active Ring of Fire: The Pacific Ocean
5. Which of the following locations is not one of the world’s great population clusters? Easter North America (1/4 size the smallest of the Eurasian concentration) Major population Clusters: East Asia, South asia, Europe (more than 3.7M =54%
6. Which of the following statements concerning the world’s most widely distributed language family is incorrect? Its many languages are mutually understandable (English, French, Spanish, Russian, Persian, Hindi)
7. A bridge language of national politics, commerce, and trade is known as a(n): Linguafranca
8. Which statement below best characterizes the concept of culture? Learned patterns of thought and behavior characteristic of a population or society. Or: Language is the essence of culture.
9. The downtown of an American city, which is usually characterized by a square-grid layout, is called the: Central Business District (CBD)
10. States first began to develop:
in areas where cities could begin to command their hinterlands
11. In his book, “The global imperative” (1997), Robert Clark mentions that “Today’s globalization process differs from earlier times in [several] ways. Which of the following in not one of the processes he mentions in his book?
12. Which of the following is not an example of globalization? Tariffs imposed on automabiles
13. The gradual reduction of regional contrasts resulting from increasing cultural, economic, political and other types of exchanges is known as: Globalization
14. What aspect distinguishes globalization from earlier forms of world interconnection? Those who engaged more in international trade were known to be more “globalized”
15. Which of the following is not a previous ‘round’ of globalization? First Round of Globalization
The interplay between territory and distinct local cultures is therefore innate to globalization. These equations extend to today’s debates on the subject, too. The Arabs were among the first ambassadors of the realm of ideas. Readers of the Islamic scholar Alberuni know that it was Arabs who transferred Indian science, medicine, literature and, above all, mathematics to western Europe. As Alberuni said, these are subjects which either are noteworthy for their strangeness, or which are unknown among our own people. This was the First Round of Globalization. Second Round of Globalization
For a variety of reasons, such financial flows went on to fuel the Second Round of Globalization — the age of colonies, Empire and the Industrial Revolution. The Second Round also turbocharged standards of living in Europe and America — its principal movers and shapers. The Third Round of Globalization
What we are witnessing now in the rise of India and China — the Third Round of Globalization — are some pivotal fruits of Europe’s transfer of ideas and their refinement in the United States. And yet, it is useful to always recall that ideas had flowed before in the opposite direction. To be sure, spices — high value, low volume and easily transportable — could not have been the only reason so many Western adventurers went seeking Mother India. Nor were they wrongly naming entire lands and peoples from southeast Asia to the United States and Caribbean after India.
16. Detractors of globalization state all of the following reasons to reject this trend, except: that falling barriers to international trade may destroy manufacturing jobs in wealthy advanced economies such as the United States.
Chapter 3: North America
1. The two leading language groups in Canada are:
French and English
2. The Great Lakes’ main outlet to the sea is the:
St. Lawrence River
3. A continental climate is most likely to be found in:
Kansas
4. The peoples called Native Americans in the U.S. are called First Nations in Canada.
5. In 1900 [year], the geographic form of the American city was most strongly shaped by: Electric Street Car
6. Which metropolitan area contains the United States’ largest cluster of Asians? L.A. , California
7. Which ethnic group does not fit with the area identified?
8. The transformation of raw materials into finished products is associated with the Manufacturing sector of a nation’s economy. Or, Secondary Economic Activity
9. Which of the following is a major natural gas producing State? Texas
10. Which of the following States is the likeliest place for the further development of ethanol and other biofuel production? Iowa
11. Montreal and the lower course of the St. Lawrence Seaway are located in the Canadian province of Quebec.
12. The capital of Canada is:
Ottawa
13. The two European powers that fought over control of the territory that became Canada were the: France and Britain
14. Canada’s primate city is:
15. The North American Free Trade Agreement:
Includes the United States, Canada and Mexico
Makes it easier for Americans to purchase Canadian and Mexican goods
16. Which statement best defines the North American Core?
Manufacturing belt has unrivaled supremacy
Manufacturing belt, now the “rust belt”
17. The “Kuwait of North America” is the nickname of:
Alberta
18. The North American region with the greatest disparity in income between rich and poor is: The south
19. The Southwest is a tri-cultural region comprised of:
Native Americans, Hispanics,
20. The three-pronged foundation of the Southwest is:
electricity, water,
21. The fastest-growing large metropolitan area in the U.S. is: Las Vegas
22. The North American region in which First Nations have the greatest interest is: Northern Frontier “Nunuvute”
23. The North American region that is most dependent upon the extraction of raw materials is the: Northern Frontier
24. The North Slope of Alaska contains large quantities of: Oil, mining, forests, gas and fishing
25. The most important factor in the growth of the Pacific Northwest has been: Cheap hydroelectric power
26. Which of the following regions of the North American realm is most impacted by growing post-industrial development and globalization? Technopole (innovates, promotes and manufactures the products of the post-industrial informational economy)
Chapter 4: Middle America
1. A narrow strip of land connecting two larger land bodies is known as a(n): isthmus
2. Which of the following is/is not located in the Greater Antilles? Is : Cuba,Hispaniola,Jamaica, Puerto Rico
Is not: Trinidad, Bahamas, Guadalupe, Martinica, Dominica, Santa Lucia…
3. As a group, the islands of Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico constitute: The Greater Antilles
4. Which of the following countries is located within the culture hearth known as Mesoamerica? Guatemala
5. The idealized Spanish town in Mesoamerica had:
a central square or plaza
a gridiron layout
a location near good agricultural land
a centrally located church
did NOT have: several rings of suburbs
6. Mestizos are persons who are of mixed European and Amerindian heritage.
7. Middle America’s largest country today in terms of both area and population is: Largest:Mexico(1,958,192 km2)
Nicaragua( 129,999 km2)
Honduras( 112,090 km2)
Cuba( 110,859 km2)
Guatemala( 108,888 km2)
Panama( 75,519 km2) *
Costa Rica( 51,100 km2)
Dominican Republic( 48,731 km2)
Haiti( 27,749 km2)
Belize( 22,960 km2)
El Salvador( 21,041 km2)
Bahamas( 13,880 km2)
Jamaica( 10,989 km2)
Puerto Rico( 8,951 km2)*
Trinidad & Tobago( 5,131 km2)*
Guadalupe( 1,709 km2)
Martinique( 1,101 km2)
Netherlands Antilles( 800 km2)
Dominica( 751 km2)
Santa Lucia( 619 km2)*
Antigua & Barbuda( 440 km2)
Barbados( 430 km2)
St. Vincent & Gre..( 391 km2)*
SmallestGrenada( 339 km2)
8. In some countries of Middle America, especially in the Antilles, regional governments recognize the need to diversify which exports to take advantage of new markets open up as part of the globalization processes?
9. The rebellion in Chiapas was designed to occur at the same time as: the launching of NAFTA (Jan 1, 1994)
10. A maquiladora is:
a foreign-owned factory in northern Mexico that assembles duty-free goods
11. Central America, as defined by geographers, is:
a region within Middle America lying between Mexico and Colombia
12. Which of the following countries does not have a common border with Guatemala? Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama
Share borders: Mexico, Belize, Honduras, El Salvador
13. The Central American country where English is spoken, but where Spanish will eventually become the predominant language is: Belize
14. Which of the following countries was formerly known as British Honduras? Belize
15. While other Central American countries were called banana republics, this country was a coffee republic: El Salvador
16. The Switzerland of Central America, the region’s oldest democratic republic, is: Costa Rica
17. Central America’s poorest/richest country is:
Nicaragua // Panama From Richest to Poorest: Panama $15,900 GDP/capita
Costa Rica $12,800
Belize $ 8,900
El Salvador $ 7,600
Guatemala $ 5,300
Honduras $ 4,700
Nicaragua $ 4,500
18. Which of the following is not a major cause of tropical deforestation in Central America? The paper and pulp industry
19. To which country did Panama belong before its 1903 United States-supported revolution achieved independence? Colombia (Nov. 1903)
20. Which of the following countries of Middle America has never been occupied by the U.S. armed forces? xxxxx
21. A person of mixed European-African/European Amerindian ancestry is a: European-African Mulatto
European-Amerindian Mestizo
African-Amerindian Zambo
22. Which Caribbean island contains more than one state?
Hispaniola
23. Which country has been independent for more than 200 years? Haiti
24. The most important crop raised in Cuba before the fall of the Soviet Union was: Sugarcane
25. An industry whose success is a mixed blessing for the Caribbean region is: Tourism
26. Middle America’s largest city is:
Largest:Mexico City, Mexico (xxxxxxx)
Guatemala City, Guatemala (1,149,107)
Tegucigalpa, Honduras (1,135,309)
Managua, Nicaragua (928,621)
San Salvador, El Salvador (561,327)
Panama City, Panama (441,014)
Smallest:San Jose, Costa Rica (347,281)
27. Which of the following colonial associations is incorrect [European country/colony]? D.R and Britain
28. Which of the following Caribbean countries possesses major natural gas deposits? Trinidad and Tobago
29. The archipelago to the north of Cuba that was formerly a British dependency is called the: Bahamas
30. An island that is home to a large community of South Asians is: Trinidad
*Caribbean: (greater & lesser Antilles)
**Central America: (Mainland countries from Guatemala to Panama)
***Middle America: (mainland countries from Mexico to Panama & all Islands of the Caribbean)
Chapter 5: South America
1. Which of the following countries does not contain a portion of the Amazon Basin? Chile
Does NOT contain a significant portion? Paraguay
2. An altiplano is a(n):
plain high in the Andes
3. The control center of the Incan Empire was:
Cuzco
4. The Treaty of Tordesillas of 1494 stipulated that a north-south boundary was to be drawn separating the South American territories of Spain and Portugal.
5. Which South American country was most transformed by the forced in-migration of Africans in bondage? Brazil
6. Almost 80 percent of South Americans live in urban areas.
7. Which of the following cities is not the largest urban center in its country? Rio de Janeiro (over 6 million people, cultural focus)
Larges cities for their countries are: Buenos Aires (classic primate city) Santiago
Bogota (key city)
Montevideo (classic primate city)
8. In the Latin American city model, the elite residential sector contains the: Commercial / Industrial Spine
9. The slums of South America’s large cities are known as:
favelas or barrios
10. Colombia’s coffee growing areas are most often associated with the: tierra templada climate zone
11. The South American country that contains the northern end of the Andes is: Venezuela
12. The language of the Inca state, still spoken in parts of South America, is known as: Quechua
13. The Peru (Humboldt) Current is:
a cool offshore ocean current conducive to commercial fishing that flows parallel to the Peruvian coastline
14. Unlike Peru’s coast, Ecuador’s coastland consists of:
fertile tropical plains
Peru’s coastline is a: desert
15. In Ecuador, a regional split has occurred between:
Guayaquil and Quito
16. Which of the following countries does not have a common border with Bolivia? Colombia
Countries that share a border are: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay and Peru
17. Which of the following countries is landlocked?
Paraguay (landlocked = is a country entirely enclosed by land, or whose only coastlines lie on closed seas, in the world are 48 countries) Other landlocked countries: Bolivia
18. Which of the following countries contains a population whose ethnicity is dominated by Amerindian ancestry? Uruguay
19. Argentina’s dominant city is:
Buenos Aires
20. Most of Argentina’s population is clustered in the:
Pampas
21. In 1982 Argentina fought a war with Britain over:
Falkland Island
22. The leading agricultural activity of the Pampa region is the production of: cattle
23. Chile’s copper deposits are located closest to which of the following areas: the Atacama Desert
24. The birth rate in Brazil over the past decade has:
declined
25. Fazendas are:
coffe plantations
26. The Brazilian sub-region with the greatest diversity in its European population is the: South
27. A growth pole is:
a location where a set of industries/activities, given a start, will grow, setting off ripples of development in a surrounding area
28. The desert in the north of Chile is the:
Atacama desert
*Note: There will be one, EXTRA-CREDIT essay question worth 10 points based on the documentary, “Guns, germs, and steel” linking the theories put forward by Dr. Jared Diamond and related to globalization issues.

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