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MIS Midterm Essays

Question 1
A global strategy is associated with ________.
high degree of global integration and low degree of local responsiveness
low degree of global integration and high degree of local responsiveness
low degree of global integration and lack of local responsiveness
low degree of global integration and low degree of local responsiveness
high degree of global integration and high degree of local responsiveness
4 points
Question 2
While assessing value of the IS infrastructure, ________ value is derived from assessing the extent to which an investment helps to meet requirements for control, security, and integrity as required by a governing body or a key customer. Answer
regulatory and compliance
4 points
Question 3
________ is used to solve large-scale computing problems.
Grid computing
Edge computing
IP convergence
Distributed computing
Trusted computing
4 points
Question 4
The digital divide is one of the major ethical challenges facing society today when you consider the strong linkage between computer literacy and a person’s ability to compete in the information age. Which of the following statements, if true, would widen the digital divide? Answer
Certain IT firms are conducting exclusive research to make the technology product life-cycle longer.
Companies like Microsoft and Berkshire Hathaway have invested billions of dollars in research on information technology.
The increase in the need for innovative technology has increased the cost of research, which has resulted in an increase in the cost of computing.
IT firms are concerned about and are conducting extensive research on the obsolescence of technology.
According to Moore’s law, the cost of computing is expected to decrease drastically over the next few years.
4 points
Question 5
Which of the following is as an example of nearshoring?
T-Mobile moves part of its content development process from India to the Czech Republic.
Parts of Airbus and Boeing airplanes are designed and engineered in Moscow, Russia.
British Airways moves customer relations and passenger revenue accounting to
Worldwide banking group HSBC moves back-office operations to India.
McKinsey sets up a global research division in India.
4 points
Question 6
Aircraft manufacturer Boeing designed its new 787 Dreamliner aircraft in Russia, making use of the availability of highly skilled aeronautical engineers. Identify this strategy. Answer
4 points
Question 7
To deploy innovative information systems well, people in the organization must be willing to do whatever they can to bypass and eliminate internal bureaucracy, set aside political squabbles, and pull together for the common good. These requirements can be categorized as ________ requirements. Answer
risk tolerance
4 points
Question 8
________ is used to increase Web application performance.
Green computing
Trusted computing
Edge computing
Distributed computing
IP convergence
4 points
Question 9
Which of the following is a disadvantage of firms that pursue a global strategy? Answer
limited knowledge transfer between individual subsidiaries
lack of control over subsidiaries
inability to react quickly to local challenges and opportunities
lack of interest in obtaining additional knowledge about foreign operations
inability to control decentralization
4 points
Question 10
Any input your computer receives is digitized and then is processed by the CPU. Which of the following explains the meaning of the word “digitized” in
the preceding sentence?
encrypted in the operating system
converted into application software
translated into binary code
stored in random-access memory
stored in a hard drive
4 points
Question 11
Which of the following is a disadvantage for firms pursuing a multi-domestic business strategy? Answer
inability to react quickly to local challenges and opportunities
lack of interest in obtaining additional knowledge about foreign operations
restriction of decision-making ability of subsidiaries
exerting unnecessary control over subsidiaries
limited knowledge transfer between individual subsidiaries
4 points
Question 12
________ refers to the delegation of a company’s logistics operations to a subcontractor that specializes in that operation. Answer
4 points
Question 13
The standard method of specifying the format of Web pages is called ________. Answer
Extensible Markup Language (XML)
Practical Extraction and Report Language (PERL)
Structured Query Language (SQL)
Assembly Language (AL)
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)
4 points
Question 14
Which of the following statements is true about open source software? Answer
These programs’ source code is freely available for use and/or modification.These programs do not include systems software.
They are back-up software used when a system is converting from systems to application software.
These programs do not include application software.
These programs are used by a few professional users.
4 points
Question 15
Which of the following is an example of a best-cost provider strategy? Answer
Global furniture retailer Ikea provides customers with “affordable solutions for better living”by offering home furnishings that combine good design, function, and quality with low prices.
Walmart’s everyday low prices (EDLP) strategy hinges upon Walmart’s ability to obtain consumer goods at the cheapest possible price and pass these savings on to consumers.
Toyota’s Lexus brand is considered a luxury car. Some of Lexus’ models like the ES model, however, are in the midrange of prices for cars.
Manufacturers like Ferrari, Aston Martin, and Lamborghini compete in the tiny super car category with prices starting at $150,000 and running as high as $600,000.
Big Dog builds motorcycles that target only the very high end of the heavyweight market—the high-end premium cruiser market—with names such as Pitbull, Wolf, Mastiff, and Bulldog.
4 points
Question 16
Which of the following statements is true about the infrastructure as a service model? Answer
The customer has no knowledge or control over the underlying infrastructure and has only limited ability to control or configure application-specific settings.
The customer has to manage the licenses for the operating systems being used.
The user has control over the applications but has limited or no control over the underlying infrastructure.
The customer can run his or her own applications that are typically designed using tools provided by the service provider.
The customer uses an application provided via a cloud infrastructure.
4 points
Question 17
A global project called One Laptop per Child is attempting to distribute low-cost laptop computers to children in developing countries around the world in an attempt to shrink the ________. Answer
electronic gap
knowledge gap
digital divide
horizontal disparity
power distance
4 points
Question 18
Which of the following tasks is performed by the application software? Answer
presenting information via a monitor
writing a business letter
saving data to a disk
printing documents
updating the system clock
4 points
Question 19
Which of the following types of computer software utilities is used to
archive files from hard disks to tapes, flash drives, or other storage devices? Answer
file defragmentation
disk and data recovery
device drivers
data compression
4 points
Question 20
Which of the following best explains the process of moving business processes or tasks to another company? Answer
4 points
Question 21
A(n) ________ is a unique identifier that should be created and used when designing a database for each type of entity, in order to store and retrieve data accurately. Answer
foreign key
candidate key
surrogate key
primary key
4 points
Question 22
Which of the following defines marginal cost?
It is the cost of an alternative that must be forgone in order to pursue a certain action.
It is the cost that has already been incurred and cannot be recovered.
It is the cost of producing an additional unit of output.
It is the cost that is not dependent on the level of goods or services produced by the business.
It is the cost incurred in making an economic exchange.
4 points
Question 23
Companies pursuing a(n) ________ strategy attempt to achieve economies of scale by producing identical products in large quantities for a variety of different markets. Answer
4 points
Question 24
Jane Estroisch works as a manager in a multi-domestic firm. She focuses on the long-term questions facing the organization such as which countries to compete in and what organizational policies to follow. Jane is in the ________ level of the organization. Answer
4 points
Question 25
The ability to independently learn new technologies as they emerge and assess their impact on your work and life is called ________. Answer
computer compatibility
computer assisted learning
computer programming
computer adaptation
computer fluency

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