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Introduction
Child abuse is maltreatment of a child either psychologically, physically or sexually. There are different definitions of child abuse from different sources. (Main,  & Hesse, 1990) According to the (CDC) the center for Disease and Control Center, child abuse is defined as a series of mistreatment to the child that may cause harm that are committed by either the parents, caregivers or any other person. (Jacobvitz, 1999, Besharov, 1990)
Most of the child abuse issues happens at the child’s home and are mostly committed by the child’s close relatives while other happens in organizations, schools and in the community at large. (Hansen, 1993) In most cases there are four major categories of child abuse namely, physical, psychological or emotional, sexual and neglect abuse. (Braunwald, 1995, George, 1999)
There are different jurisdictions that have been developed and have their own distinct definitions of child abuse and what constitutes the abuse with the sole purpose of removing the child from the hands of parents and the abuser and also to protect the child from the abuse. (Turton, 2008, Solomon, 1999) According to the mental health journal, child abuse is regarded as any failure to act that may result to child’s death, harm physical or psychological harm by the parents and the care givers. (Hoyano, & Keenan, 2007, Arnaldo, 2001)

Reference:

Arnaldo, C. (Ed.). (2001). Child Abuse on the Internet: Ending the Silence. New York: Berghahn.
The information provided in this book give a relevance of why silence is not preferred as far as the child abuse is concerned. The author describes the relevancy and the importance of breaking the silence so as the abused children would have their rights as other children.
Besharov, J. (1990); Recognizing Child Abuse: A Guide for the Concerned publications of the National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect. Retrieved from http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/society/A0864441.html on 10th December 2008
The child’s right should be recognized as a human right. The author of this article emphasizes much on how the child’s right could be recognized and be realized.
Braunwald, K. (1995). “Finding order in disorganization: Lessons from research on maltreated infants’ attachments to their caregivers.” NY: Cambridge University Press.
In this book, the author articulates on the importance of having an order that will tackle the issue that regards the child abuse. He on the other hand emphasizes on the reasons as to why there should be a notable difference between the exercising of the child’s rights and maltreatment.
George, C. (1999). Attachment Disorganization. NY: Guilford Press
There has been a great disorganization of the child’s right as there are many organizations that are out to fight for the rights of the children but fails to meet their goals for they divert their missions from fighting for the child to fighting for their position in the issue as far as their recognition are concerned.
Hansen, D. (1993). “Long term consequences of childhood physical abuse,” Psychological Bulletin, 114, 68-69
The author speaks on the long term solution to the issue of the child abuse. There has been lots of suffering faced by children from different backgrounds and there had never had a lasting solution that would address the issue so as the there may be set some governing policies that would help in curbing the problem.
Hoyano, L; & Keenan C. (2007) Child Abuse: Law and Policy Across Boundaries. NY: Oxford University Press.
The author of this article emphasizes much on the issue of having a policy that will fight for rights of the child. There has never been strong policies that can manage the issues that are brought about by the abuse as well as what would be done to the offenders.
Jacobvitz, D. (1999). “Attachment disorganization: unresolved loss, relational violence and lapses in behavioral and attentional strategies. NY: Guilford Press
 There has been a great disorganization of the child’s right as there are many organizations that are out to fight for the rights of the children but fails to meet their goals for they divert their missions from fighting for the child to fighting for their position in the issue as far as their recognition are concerned.
Main, M. & Hesse, E. (1990) Parents’ Unresolved Traumatic Experiences are related to infant disorganized attachment status, Chicago: University of Chicago Press
Solomon, J. (Eds.) (1999). Attachment Disorganization. NY: Guilford Press
There has been a great disorganization of the child’s right as there are many organizations that are out to fight for the rights of the children but fails to meet their goals for they divert their missions from fighting for the child to fighting for their position in the issue as far as their recognition are concerned.

Turton, J. (2008). Child Abuse, Gender, and Society. New York, NY: Routledge.
There are issues that are raised by the society in regard to the gender of the child that brings about the abuse of the child’s right; some of these issues are like the genital mutilation of the girl child. These issues are addressed by the author so as there may be a uniform fight for the child’s right.

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