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Statistics of Cardiovascular Disease in the World Essays

International statistics of circulatory system diseases, cardiovascular diseases in Mongolia. Done by: Anand. B (AUS-233) Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia 2013 year. International statistics of cardiovascular diseases. According to WHO estimates, 17 million people around the globe die of CVD each year. In 1998 there were 7. 3 million deaths from heart attack and 5. 1 million from stroke. Another 15 million each year survive minor strokes. 600 million people with high blood pressure are at risk of heart attack, stroke and cardiac failure. CVD causes 8. 5 million deaths among women annually.
It’s the largest single cause of mortality among women, accounting for one-third of all deaths in women worldwide. In developing countries, half of all deaths of women over 50 are due to heart disease and stroke. From the latest data of World Health Organization (WHO) MONICA Project indicate that the coronary event rate (per 100,000) in men was highest in Finland (North Karelia, 835) and lowest in China (Beijing, 81). For women the highest event rate was in the United Kingdom (UK) (Glasgow, Scotland, 265) and lowest in Spain (Catalonia, 35) and China (Beijing, 35).
These data represent results from 35 MONICA Project populations collected during the mid-1980s until the mid-1990s. In 1999 CVD contributed to one-third of global deaths. Low- and middle-income countries contributed to 78 percent of CVD deaths. By 2010 CVD is estimated to be the leading cause of death in developing countries. Heart disease has no geographic, gender or socioeconomic boundaries. CVD is the leading cause of death in Europe, accounting for over 4 million deaths each year. Nearly half (49 percent) of all deaths are from CVD (55 percent of deaths in women and 43 percent of deaths in men).
About half of all deaths from CVD are from CHD and nearly one-third are from stroke. CVD accounted for more than 238,000 deaths in the UK in 2002. 39 percent of deaths in the UK are from CVD. 35 percent of premature deaths in men and 27 percent in women are from CVD. Every 7 minutes, a Canadian dies of heart disease and stroke. CVD accounts for more deaths than any other disease. 2000CVD mortality: 76,426; 34 percent of male deaths and 36 percent of female deaths. CVD costs the Canadian economy about $18. 4 billion annually. Women will continue to experience disproportionately high mortality from CVD.
By 2040, women in the study countries (Russia, Brazil, India, China, South Africa) will represent a higher proportion of CVD deaths than men. In 2040, women in China are projected to be 49. 5% of the population, but even if death rates no higher than now apply then, they will represent 54. 6% of CVD deaths. In Brazil and China, the growth of CVD deaths among working aged women between 2000 and 2040 will be higher than for men. Compared to 2000, the number of years of productive life lost to CVD will have increased in 2030 by only 20% in the U. S. nd by 30% in Portugal. For Brazil the figure is 64%, for China 57% and for India 95%. The increase in South Africa is 28%, greater than that for the U. S. and comparable to Portugal. Only in Russia does the number of years lost lag, largely because death rates are already at such high levels and the size of the population at risk is falling. CORONARY HEART DISEASE (CHD), ANGINA PECTORIS AND HEART FAILURE. Total prevalence of heart failure (definite and probable) in the UK is estimated at 892,000 in people age 45 and over (489,000 men and 403,000 women).
According to the WHO, in 2002 there were 7. 22 million deaths from coronary heart disease globally. In both developed and developing countries, 40 to 75 percent of all heart attack victims die before reaching the hospital. CHD alone is the most common cause of death in Europe, accounting for nearly 2 million deaths each year. More than 1 in 5 deaths of women (22 percent) and men (21 percent) are from CHD. The CHD death rate for men ages 35-74 fell by 39 percent from 1988 and 1998 in the UK, but by 47 percent in Norway and Austria.
For women, the death rate fell by 41 percent in the UK, but in Australia, Finland and Ireland the rate fell by 52, 46 and 44 percent respectively. Using 1999 CHD mortality data for the UK, it’s estimated that about 149,000 heart attacks in men and 125,000 in women occur annually for a total of about 274,000. Using data from the Health Survey for England, about 850,000 men and 450,000 women living in the UK have had a heart attack, for a total of about 1. 3 million. Overall, about 1. 4 million men and 1. 2 million women living in the UK have had CHD (either angina or heart attack).
The premature death rate from CHD for male manual workers is 58 percent higher than for non-manual workers For female manual workers the death rate is more than twice as high as that for female non-manual workers. Projections suggest that for CHD, the mortality for all developing countries will increase by 120% for women and 137% for men. Predictions for the next two decades include tripling of CHD and stroke mortality in Latin America, the Middle East, and even sub-Saharan Africa, a rate of increase that exceeds that for any other region, except for Asian and Pacific Island countries.
By contrast, the increase in more-developed nations, largely attributable to an expansion of the population of older people at risk, will range between 30% and 60 %. About 33,000 new heart failure cases occur in the UK annually in men and about 30,000 in women for a total of about 63,000. Prevalence is estimated at 350,000 men and 410,000 women for a total of 760,000. In 1999-2000 there were 24,728 bypass procedures performed in the UK. In addition, 28,133 angioplasty and other coronary intervention procedures were performed.
Data from the INTERHEART study showed that rates of CVD have risen greatly in lowincome and middle-income countries with about 80 percent of the burden occurring in these countries. Nine potentially modifiable risk factors associated with MI were identified. These varied by populations. Approaches to prevention have the potential to prevent premature cases of MI. RHEUMATIC FEVER/RHEUMATIC HEART DISEASE. In developing countries, rheumatic fever is the most frequent cause of heart disease in the 5-13-year-old group, causing 25-40 percent of all cardiovascular diseases and 33-50 percent of all hospital admissions.
An estimated 12 million patients require further treatments to prevent disability and death due to rheumatic heart disease. 8 million are children of school age. There are about 300,000 deaths a year, with 2 million requiring repeated hospitalization and 1 million likely to require surgery in the next 5 to 20 years. Of the estimated 12 million with RF/RHD, at least 3 million had congestive heart failure (CHF), that required hospitalization. A large proportion with CHF required cardiac valve surgery within 5-10 years.
Data from developing countries suggest that mortality due to RF/RHDremains a problem and that children and young adults still die from acute RF. The annual incidence of RF in developed countries began to decrease in the 20th century, with a marked decrease after the 1950’s; it is now below 1. 0 per 100,000. A few studies conducted in developing countries report incidence rates ranging from 1. 0 per 100,000 school-age children in Costa Rica, 72. 2 per 100,000 in French Polynesia, 100 per 100,000 in Sudan, to 150 per 100,000 in China.
Rheumatic heart disease prevalence may reach 15 per 1,000 in school children, and it remains active during the second and third decades of life. Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) Based on current epidemiologic projections, 27 million people in Europe and North America have PAD. An estimated 10. 5 million are symptomatic and 16. 5 million are asymptomatic. The prevalence of asymptomatic PAD is estimated in one study as high as 20 percent of the adult population. Stroke. According to WHO estimates, 15 million people each year suffer strokes and 5 million are left permanently disabled.
The WHO estimates 5. 5 million deaths from stroke worldwide in 2002. Stroke accounts for a higher proportion of deaths among women than men (11% vs. 8. 4%). Among women, 3 million deaths from stroke occur annually. Stroke kills about 16,000 Canadians a year. Almost 60 percent of the 50,000 strokes each year in Canada affect women. 9,038 women died from stroke in 1999. About 300,000 Canadians are living with the effects of stroke. It costs about $2. 7 billion a year. In Canada (1997), Colombia (1996) and Costa Rica (1995) there were more female than male deaths from stroke in the 35-49 age group.
In England, the death rates for stroke for people under 65 fell by 23 percent in the last 10 years. Recently, rates have declined at a slower rate, particularly in the younger age groups. High Blood Pressure (HBP) or Hypertension The WHO estimates that 600 million people with high blood pressure are at risk of heart attack, stroke and cardiac failure. A study of hypertension in 6 European countries, Canada and the United States showed the average BP was 136/83 mm Hg in the European countries and 127/77 mm Hg in Canada and the U. S. among men and women ages 35-74.
For all age groups, BP measurements were lowest in the U. S. and highest in Germany. The European countries were Germany, Finland, Sweden, England, Spain and Italy. About 15-37 percent of the global adult population has hypertension. In those older than age 60, as many as one-half in some populations are hypertensive. Women with hypertension have a risk of developing CHD that is 3. 5 times that of females with normal blood pressure. About 140 million people in the Americas suffer from hypertension. In Mexico (1997) female deaths from hypertension surpassed those for males, starting at age 35.
The prevalence of hypertension in Latin America and the Caribbean has been estimated at between 8 and 30 percent. The Heart Health Surveys of 1985-90 found that 22 percent of Canadian adults had high blood pressure, but only 13 percent had been diagnosed. The overall rate for 1994-95 was 9 percent. In England, 37 percent of men and 34percent of women have high blood pressure (140/90 mmHg or higher) or are being treated for hypertension. Almost 80 percent of men and 70 percent of women with HBP are not being treated. Of those being treated, over 60 percent remain hypertensive.
In Africa the prevalence of hypertension is estimated at 20 million. Some 250,000 deaths could be prevented each year through effective case management. Hypertension-related stroke rate is high in Africa, and victims are relatively young. In South Africa, a 1998 survey found that 36. 6% of women known to be hypertensive had their illness controlled with medication. In general, awareness of hypertensiona nd use of medication increased with income. Hypertension was only half as common among rural as among urban women. In Asia, a steep increase in stroke mortality has accompanied a rapid rise in the prevalence of hypertension.
Projections suggest that in China, hypertension will increase from 18. 6% to 25% between 1995 and 2025. In India, the equivalent figures are 16. 3% to 19. 4%. Worldwide, high blood pressure is estimated to cause 7. 1 million deaths, about 13 percent of the global fatality total. Across WHO regions, research indicates that about 62 percent of strokes and 49 percent of heart attacks are caused by high blood pressure. Hypertension causes 5 million premature deaths a year worldwide. The rates of heart diseases. According to the latest WHO data published in April 2011 life expectancy in Mongolia is: Male 65. 5, female 70. and total life expextancy is 68. 0 which gives Mongolia a World Life Expectancy ranking of 120. WHO data published that Stroke Deaths in Mongolia reached 2,317 or 19. 08% of total deaths. The age adjusted Death Rate is 150. 95 per 100. 000 of population ranks Mongolia #28 in the world. According to the latest WHO data published in Aplir 2011 Coronary Heart Disease Deaths in Mongolia reached 1,099 or 9. 09% of total deaths. The age adjusted Death Rate is 75. 65 per 100. 000 of population ranks Mongolia #144 in the world. According to the latest WHO data published that Hypertension Deaths in Mongolia reached 587 or 4. 3% of total deaths. The age adjusted Death Rate is 40. 93 per 100. 000 of population ranks Mongolia #47 in the world. Inflammatory/Heart Deaths in Mongolia reached 136 or 1. 12% of total deaths. The age adjusted Death Rate is 10. 22 per 100. 000 of total population ranks Mongolia #66 in the world. Rheumatic Heart Disease Deaths in Mongolia reached 146 or 1. 20% of total deaths. The age adjusted Death Rate is 8. 69 per 100. 000 of population ranks Mongolia #9 in the world. The life expectancy in Mongolia by years. |  |  | World Rank| | Male| Female| M| F| AT BIRTH| 65. 5| 70. 5| 117| 122| AGE 5| 67. 2| 75. 8| 132| 104|
AGE 10| 67. 4| 75. 9| 133| 104| AGE 15| 67. 6| 75. 9| 133| 105| AGE 20| 67. 8| 76. 1| 134| 105| AGE 25| 68. 3| 76. 2| 134| 105| AGE 30| 68. 9| 76. 5| 134| 105| AGE 35| 69. 7| 76. 7| 133| 105| AGE 40| 70. 6| 77. 1| 132| 105| AGE 45| 71. 9| 77. 6| 124| 103| AGE 50| 73. 4| 78. 3| 115| 98| AGE 55| 75. 1| 79. 3| 108| 97| AGE 60| 77. 0| 80. 5| 95| 87| AGE 65| 79. 1| 82. 0| 80| 81| AGE 70| 81. 5| 83. 8| 72| 73| AGE 75| 84. 5| 86. 2| 59| 57| AGE 80| 87. 6| 88. 9| 45| 45| AGE 85| 90. 8| 91. 8| 38| 33| AGE 90| 94. 3| 94. 9| 23| 26| AGE 95| 98. 0| 98. 4| 25| 22| AGE 100| 102. 2| 102. 4| 21| 20| Percents of heart diseases and their rate. Deaths | Percentage %| World rank| #1 Stroke | 2,317| 19. 08| 28| #3 Coronary heart disease| 1,099| 9. 05| 144| #6 Hypertension| 587| 4. 83| 47| #19 Rheumatic heart disease| 146| 1. 20| 9| #20 Inflammatory/ heart| 136| 1. 12| 66| #38 Leukemia | 38| 0. 31| 172| #39 Lymphoma| 38| 0. 31| 177| #43 Anaemia| 32| 0. 26| 112| Conclusion. Cardiovascular disease is one of the biggest problems in Mongolia also in the World. The reasons of this diseases are: age, regular lifestyle, bad habits, unhealthy food, sport deficiency, environment, stress and etc. To prevent from heart disease people need to eat healthy food, play sports and abandon ban habits.

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