TOK Glossary of Terms
Personal Knowledge – Values, opinions, religious and political views – knowers perspective – experiential, has happened to you – affects your view
Shared Knowledge – Accumulation of knowledge that comes through different networks of learning eg, schools, families, online communities – you can also look at religions or political interests – for example communism can be looked at as a shared knowledge.
Knowledge claim – usually when you put forward a particular view point – doesn’t have to be right
Case Study – Everest – Documentary Drama
– Definition theory – Semantic difference, for example the word sport and the word game can be defined differently, Ethics and Sherpas – A sherpa is an individual who carries equipment up the mountain – is it is not particularly unethical as the sherpa is choosing to do this as an occupation, he is not begin forced into the situation. But on the other hand a person who is going to climb the mountain who has come all the way from the US or the UK you are going to know that a sherpa is not going to cost a lot, so you are going to give them as little as possible when they are risking their lives in order to help you. Ethics also come into hand when you are risking your life on this mountain and you are leaving your family behind and you die on this mountain,
Self-Interest Theory – are human beings inartistically selfish? are we born selfish and are hardwired to be selfish? – many people can be selfless and put others needs in front of their own because this makes them feel better as a person but this can be selfish in itself.
I personally would not risk my life going high altitude mounting as I for me I do not find my joy in that particle sport however I also would not participate in this sport as I would not have the confidence. I believe that
the eye witness account it not fully reliable as Jon Kracauer had many reasons to give a false account on the event such as he may have not done all that he could to either save or help his fellow climbing members. He also may not have remembered all the events clearly and may have filled in some of the gaps of his story with a guess, this also refers to the beginning of the documentary he admitted that he thought we have at the mountain for the soul purpose of completing an article but he says he was actually there to make it to the top of the mountain, this shows that humans can convince themselves of things that are not completely true.
– No matter where you are on the mountain you have to turn around when it is 2:00 or else the conditions can kill you – It is hard to know whether the people who are about to climb the mountain are actually physically ready or whether peoples money is being put in front of a persons physical status – Human beings can convince themselves of things that are wrong you can lie to yourself – for example at the beginning he admitted to the audience that he thought he was going there to write an article about his experience but he was actually there to make it to the top of the mountain – Emotive Language –
– Natural Science – The sceince information behind what happens to your body for example when you are on the mountain – Eye witness –
Are there any KNOWLEDGE CLAIMS difficult to verify? How does the documentary use NATURAL SCIENCE, EMOTION & LANGUAGE to help inform our understanding of the events?
Ways of Knowledge – WOK
– sensory perception
Area of Knowledge – AOK
– Religious Knowledge Systems
– Indigenous Knowledge System
– Natural Science – Bio, Chem, Phys
– Social Science – Philosophy, psychology
Presentation – 30%
Essay – 70%
TOK Glossary of Terms