Juror number one uses Formal Reasoning. He first uses this when he calls for an initial vote amongst the other jurors to see where the votes stand. This is considered formal reasoning because he used a procedure that would get a guaranteed solution, being everyone’s decision. Juror one also uses mental laziness. He never states a clearly formed opinion about his decision of not guilty or guilty. He relies on other to state their opinions so he can fly under the radar and listen and not participate.
This also plays into what he thinks about his position as foreman. He feels as foreman he shouldn’t have a concise clear opinion he is just there to serve as facilitator.
Juror number two uses Intelligent Confusion. He uses this when juror number one asks why everyone decided upon guilty or not guilty. He says I don’t know I need to know more. This is considered Intelligent Confusion because he is not sure on an answer but he knows that there needs to be some evidence to come to a conclusion for this problem.
Juror two also uses Heuristics. He uses this when he brings up the angle of the knife when the young boy supposedly stabbed his father. This is considered Heuristics because he takes a gamble with no ensured outcome. The outcome could have gone either way but since there was nothing to lose but time he went on and took the risk.
Juror number three uses Ignorant Certainty. He uses this when he says we can throw all the other evidence out and from that point he just shouts that the boy is guilty with no premise of this conclusion. This is considered Ignorant Certainty because he has a conclusion but no facts to base it on. He always has an opinion but when the other jurors ask him why, that is where he gets stumped. He also uses cognitive dissonance. He uses this at the end of the movie when he switches his vote form guilty to not guilty. This is considered Cognitive Dissonance because he has two opinions in his head and he finally chooses between the both of them. He knows after they have sifted through all the evidence that the boy is not guilty so he decides to switch his vote thus choosing between the two opposing opinions in his head.
Juror number four uses Conformation Bias. He uses this when he reiterates that the old man heard the killing and the woman’s testimony to witnessing the murder was the most important in the case. This is considered Conformation Bias he only pays attention to the evidence that supports his argument. When the other jurors bring up evidence that oppose his beliefs he discards it and sticks to his opinion even though it overrules it. Juror four also uses Cognitive Dissonance. He uses this when he switches his vote from guilty to not guilty. This is considered Cognitive Dissonance because he has two opposing opinions in his head and he finally choses one. He finally listens to the other juror’s evidence and he sees how it counts out and weakens his evidence and switches sides.
Juror number five uses a Non-Conscious process. He uses this when he remembers how someone would use a switchblade. This would be considered a Non-Conscious Process because he came to a solution that was remembered in his conscious thoughts. He suddenly remembers that someone would only stab underhanded using a switchblade from his childhood. He also uses Dialectical reasoning. He uses this when he uses the switchblade to get his point across. This is considered Dialectical Reasoning because he evaluates the evidence and then he relates it to his theory. He says that a switchblade can only be used a certain way, he evaluated the evidence and then used it to support his theory.
Juror number six uses Intelligent Confusion. He uses throughout the movie before he has a concise decision based on evidence. This is considered Intelligent Confusion because he knows that evidence is needed to come up with a conclusion so he sits and listens to others. He listens to others opinions and cross references with evidence so that he is sure about his decision before he comes to one. Juror six also uses cognitive dissonance. He uses this when he changes his vote from guilty to not guilty. This is considered cognitive dissonance because he has two opinions in his head that contradict one another and choses one. Once he has listened to all of the evidence sifted through and debated he is able to choose between the two choices in his head and goes with not guilty.
Juror number seven uses Ignorant Certainty. He uses this throughout when he has no real evidence to back up his opinion. This is considered Ignorant certainty because he has an opinion but he no evidence to back it up. He says guilty in the beginning but doesn’t have evidence whenever they go around the table and ask for opinions he says he is guilty I just know he is. Juror seven also uses Mental Laziness. He uses this when he quickly come to a decision of not guilty. This is considered Mental Laziness because he quickly comes to a conclusion without taking the time to make a carefully considered conclusion. He quickly comes up to the conclusion of not guilty when the vote is eleven to one so he can go to his baseball game and he quickly comes to the decision of not guilty so that he can go home.
Juror number eight uses a Proposition. He uses this when he states his opinion of not guilty while everyone else suggests he is guilty and suggests everyone state why they think the young boy is guilty. This is considered a Proposition because he is stating an idea or opinion. He feels that the young boy is not guilty his opinion and he has an idea that everyone should state why they vote opposite. Juror eight also uses heuristics. He uses Heuristics when brings up the question about the old man being able to make it to the front door in fifteen seconds. This is considered Heuristics because he is taking a course of action without guarantee. He acts as the old man to see if he could really make it to the door within fifteen seconds without knowing whether his experiment would work in his favor.
Juror number nine uses Intelligent Confusion. He uses this when he switches his vote from guilty to not guilty. He says I don’t know but I want to hear more, he needs more evidence to be sure. This is considered Intelligent Confusion because he is not sure on a conclusion but he knows that there needs to be evidence to reach this said conclusion. Juror nine also uses a Non Conscious process. He uses this when he brings up the marks on juror number fours face and how the lady had the same marks on his face. He remembers that those marks could only be made by glasses he said that forgot to mention it earlier but remembered it just at that moment. This is considered a Non Conscious process because came up with a solution that was remembered in his conscious thoughts.
Juror number ten uses a Conformation Barrier (the need to be right). He uses this when he reiterates that the young boy is guilty shouting it at the top of his lungs. He wants everyone to agree with him and hold out on guilty but one by one the other juror’s switch to not guilty. This is considered a Conformation Barrier (the need to be right) because he never listens to any of the other opposing views and his self-esteem and image depends on him be right every time a dispute occurs. Juror ten also uses Cognitive Dissonance. He uses this when he switches his view form guilty to not guilty. He finally breaks through his barrier and comes to the conclusion that all of the other evidence outweighs his ability to come up with zero evidence and switches his vote. This is considered Cognitive Dissonance because two opinions in his head that don’t match up and he finally choses between the two.
Juror number eleven uses Informal Reasoning. He uses this when he tells juror number seven that he should not switch his vote just because he wants to leave. He says what kind of man are you to play with a man’s life like it is a game. This is considered Informal Reasoning because there varied and competing answers given by the juror’s. He also uses Dialectical Reasoning. He uses this when he decides both times upon guilty and not guilty. He brings up evidence and also listens to others make references before coming to a conclusion both times. This is considered Dialectical Reasoning because he uses the evidence and evaluates it before coming to a concrete decision unlike his fellow juror mate number ten.
Juror number twelve uses a Conformation Barrier (mental laziness). He uses this when he comes to decisions about the young man’s verdict. He quickly decides not guilty to go along with the crowd and not against it. This is considered mental laziness because he comes to a quick decision without sifting through evidence and cross referencing it with a theory. Juror eight is also not sure about his opinions he relies on others to make the decision for him. He also uses Cognitive Dissonance. He uses this when he switches his vote two times. This is considered Cognitive Dissonance because he is deciding between two opposing ideas in his head, although he does this many times throughout their time spent coming to a conclusion on the young man’s verdict.
Cite this 12 Angry Men Film Review
12 Angry Men Film Review. (2016, Jun 14). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/12-angry-men-film-review/