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Rationale of the Study

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    Chapter I
    Introduction
    Social Networking Services, also called Social Networking Sites (SNS), are designed to upon interaction, to create communities of people online, and provide the required software to do this. Web-based social networking spaces offer a way for individuals or groups to create a profile of them, then share that profile with other members of social networking space. The specific site also provides a variety of ways for users to communicate with others in space, such as chat rooms, site mails, notes, file sharing or other types of discussion, groups, and videos and so on. People use social networking sites for a huge number of personal reasons. Some may want an easy way to keep in touch with family and friends, some may use it for business or job finding, others may use it for dating or just to find like-minded individuals online. Social Networking Sites are very easy way to access and the users have a lot of things they can do and get from these. That is why the researchers choose this topic, to ponder and to prove if Social Networking Sites really do affect their study habits and academic performance in school. Social Networking simply means classifying individuals into specific groups, such as small rural communities in a neighborhood subdivision. Social Networking is most popular online, other areas being workplace, universities and high schools. It offers numerous benefits that could help you grow, personally, and as well as professionally. The main advantages of Social Networking include talking to others, building relationships and finding people who are similar to us. Statement of the Problem

    This research aimed to identify the Effects of Social Networking Sites on the Academic Performance of Selected Third year students of Amazing Grace School S.Y. 2012-2013. The researchers formulated these questions under this problem:

    What are the most visited Social Networking Sites?
    What are the effects of Social Networking Sites to the Academic Performance of Selected Third year students?
    How does Social Networking Sites affect the Academic Performance of the Selected Third year students?
    What are the actions to be done to enhance the effects of Social Networking Sites on the Academic Performance of the Selected Third year students?

    Hypothesis
    There are significant effects in using the Social Networking Sites to the Selected Third year high school students of Amazing Grace School S.Y. 2012-2013

    Significance of the Study
    The students benefit from this study because as teenagers, they are engaging more in using social networking sites which has effects on them positively and negatively. In this research, it helps them improve and make necessary actions with regards to this topic. They can avoid the negative effects of these social networking sites. The researchers also benefit from this study because we are students too and as well as teenagers and experience these effects. This helps us to formulate our topic. From this topic, we too can avoid the negative effects it give us and help us improve our academic performance and may help us lessen the distractions we face as teenagers. The positive effects it presents will help us develop our skills. The parents benefit from this study by knowing the effects of Social Networking sites, as students’ companion at home; they can control their children’s time in using Social Networking sites. Thus, they can help their children to limit their time in using Social Networking sites and help them to spend more of their time studying which will help them improve their performance in school.

    Conceptual Framework

    Scope and Limitation
    This study focused only to the Effects of Social Networking Sites to the Academic Performance of Selected Third year students of Amazing Grace School S.Y. 2012-2013. This study also included to determine how affected the students either positively or negatively and the possible actions to be done to avoid the effects of using Social Networking Sites. This study did not concern other high school students. This study did not suppose to tell the advantages and disadvantages because it concerns the effects.

    Definition of Terms
    Academic Performance – student’s performance and behavior in school Effects – A result; consequence
    Selected – Chosen; take by preference
    Social Networking Sites – A venue where people can interact to create communities of people Third year students – selected respondents

    Review of Related Literature and Studies
    Social Networking Sites are a great communication tool that helped the students stay in touch, always updated research assignments, discuss projects and reports, receives announcements and organizes events. It also helped the students even youth to manage time and work. However for others, social networking sites are huge distraction from education process and are a waste of time. According to American Life project, many youth today use social networking sites for education purposes. Studies have focused on how social media may shape our interests and preferences and scholars have compared usage patterns among ethnic groups and communities with different interests. Scholars continue to explore how management with these sites affects well-being and the consequences for areas such as educational achievement. Social Networking sites usage helped the students to succeed in class and also have a positive influence on their academic performance as well as social developments (createdebate.com) Networking sites focused on facilitating social relation among youths and who shows interests, activities or real life communication (Nadir Bahne) Usage of Social Networking sites among students really helped them in studies, it is up to them if they use the networking sites for educational purposes or use it in a bad way.

    Chapter II
    Research Methodology

    Research Design
    Descriptive type of research was used to identify the effects of Social Networking Sites on the Academic Performance of Selected Third year students. Descriptive design tackles about present observation so that changes can be made for the future. The researchers were focused on the present conditions and also because it involved the description, analysis and tabulation of the data that were collected.

    Subjects and Respondents
    Selected Third year students were chosen by the researchers as respondents because they were the ones experiencing these effects. Teenagers were more aware and engaged in using social networking sites. They were chosen because it was more accessible for the researchers and they had the capacity to give the needed responses the researchers need to identify the effects of Social Networking Sites.

    Research Instrument
    Clerical type of instrument was used by the researchers as research instruments, which questionnaires and survey forms were included. Questionnaires were used to achieve the main objectives of the study and it was to identify the effects of Social Networking Sites. The researchers designed a self-administered questionnaire contained questions which specific questions were satisfied. A number of 12 questions were formulated. Questionnaire was most suitable for the obtaining responses needed to satisfy the research topic because many opinions and ideas were easily collected and it was quicker and more dependable way to get opinions from slightly large populations. The questionnaire was prepared intended for third year students. Through these types of questions, the researchers were able to limit and quantify responses that were only within the study’s scope.

    Data Gathering Procedure
    First-hand data which came from the selected respondents who answered the questionnaire given were utilized for the study. Each section of the third year level was visited by the researchers, where handful amounts of data were collected with the permission of the teacher who was currently accompanying them. The responses of the students were tallied and analyzed. The data gathered was examined to assure that the needed data fulfilled the research topic. The effects of Social Networking Sites were identified with the use of the tallied data collected.

    Sampling Design
    Quota sampling design was used by the researchers in getting the respondents. The researchers were given the minimum of 50 respondents. Since, third year students were all in their teenage years and teenagers were very engaged in using social networking sites, respondents were chosen randomly among them. In addition, third year students were more accessible for the researchers to study.

    Determination of Sample Size
    From the quota set by the researchers, fifty (50) respondents from the four sections in the third year level became the respondents.Since fifty (50) was not possible to be divided into four, 2 of the 4 sections were one more than the other two. Thirteen (13) students were from Thessalonians, thirteen (13) students were from Colossians, Twelve (12) students were from Ephesians, and another twelve (12) students from Philippians. They were selected randomly and gender was not considered.

    Statistical Treatment
    Percentage was used in getting the average response given by the respondents. The response was presented in tabular form for easy analysis and tabulation of data. The formula used was: “% =” “f” /tp ” ×100″

    where:
    % = Percentage
    f = Frequency
    tp = Total Population

    Chapter III
    Analysis, Presentation and Interpretation of Data

    Sub-problem 1: What are the most visited Social Networking Sites?

    Table 1.1
    How often students used Social Networking Sites
    RESPONSESFREQUENCYPERCENTAGE
    Always3978%
    Sometimes1122%
    Never00%
    TOTAL50100%

    From the 50 respondents, 39 or 78% of the respondents said that they always used Social Networking Sites. While 11 or 22% of the respondents said that they sometimes used Social Networking Sites. 0 or 0% respondents said that they never used Social Networking Sites. Most of the respondents always used Social Networking Sites.

    Table 1.2
    Most used Social Networking Sites
    RESPONSESFREQUENCYPERCENTAGE
    Facebook4998%
    Tumblr1734%
    Twitter3264%
    My Space12%
    Google Plus1224%
    Linked In00%
    Pinterest00%
    DeviantArt36%
    Multiply00%
    Others612%
    TOTAL120234%

    From the 50 respondents, 49 or 98% of the respondents had Facebook account. 17 or 34% of the respondents had Tumblr account. 32 or 64% of the respondents had Twitter account. 1 or 2% of the respondents had MySpace account. 12 or 24% had Google Plus account. 3 or 6% had DeviantArt account. No one among the respondents had LinkedIn, Pinterest and Multiply accounts. 6 or 12% of the respondents answered others. They answered Wattpad, Animesite, Youtube, Me2day and Goodreads. Most of respondents used Facebook, Twitter and Tumblr, these three were ranked 1st to 3rd respectively.

    Sub-problem 2: What are the effects of Social Networking Sites to the Academic Performance of Selected Third year students?

    Table 2.1
    When did students use Social Networking Sites
    RESPONSESFREQUENCYPERCENTAGE
    Everyday3774%
    Weekdays1020%
    Weekends36%
    TOTAL50100%

    From the 50 respondents, 37 or 74% of the respondents used Social Networking Sites every day. 10 or 20% of the respondents used Social Networking Sites on weekdays. 3 or 6% of the respondents used Social Networking Sites on weekdays. Most of the respondents used Social Networking Sites every day.

    Table 2.2
    Reasons why students used Social Networking Sites
    RESPONSESFREQUENCYPERCENTAGE
    For studying online with peers24%
    For Socializing3978%
    For Gaming510%
    Others48%
    TOTAL50100%

    From the 50 respondents, 2 or 4% of the respondents used Social Networking Sites for studying online with peers. 39 or 78% of the respondents used Social Networking Sites for Socializing. 5 or 10% of the respondents used Social Networking Sites for gaming. 4 or 8% of the respondents answered others. They answered doing home works and doing anything. Most of the respondents used Social Networking Sites for socializing purposes.

    Table 2.3
    Effects encountered in using Social Networking Sites
    RESPONSESFREQUENCYPERCENTAGE
    Easy communication with teachers and students for information4590% Tardiness and sleepiness in school612%
    Addiction which leads up to mixed up priorities1020%
    Others12%
    TOTAL62%124%

    From the 50 respondents, 45 or 90% of the respondents used Social Networking Sites because it made communication easy between teachers and students for information. 6 or 12% of the respondents used Social Networking Sites and made them tardy and sleep in school. 10 or 20% of the respondents used Social Networking Sites and leaded them to addiction. 1 or 2% of the respondents answered others. He answered improper time management. Most of the respondents used Social Networking Sites because it made their communication among teachers and students which made it easier.

    Table 2.4
    More time spent in studying than going online
    RESPONSESFREQUENCYPERCENTAGE
    Yes1734%
    No3366%
    TOTAL50100%

    From the 50 respondents, 17 or 34% of the respondents answered yes, they gave more time studying than going online. 33or 66% of the respondents answered no, they gave more time going online than studying. Most of the students allotted more time using Social Networking Sites rather than studying.

    Table 2.5
    Time spent studying
    RESPONSESFREQUENCYPERCENTAGE
    30 minutes – 1 hour2652%
    1 hour – 2 hours1734%
    3 hours – 4 hours612%
    Others12%
    TOTAL50100%

    From the 50 respondents, 26 or 52% of the respondents spent 30 minutes to 1 hour studying. 17 or 34% of the respondents spent 1 hour to 2 hours studying. 6 or 12% of the respondents spent 3 hours to 4 hours studying. 1 or 2% of the respondents answered others. He answered 0 minutes. Most of the respondents spent 30 minutes to 1 hour studying.

    Table 2.6
    Time spent using Social Networking Sites
    RESPONSESFREQUENCYPERCENTAGE
    30 minutes – 1 hour510%
    1 hour – 2 hours2142%
    3 hours – 4 hours2040%
    Others48%
    TOTAL50100%

    From the 50 respondents, 5 or 10% of the respondents spent 30 minutes to 1 hour using Social Networking Sites. 21 or 42% of the respondents spent 1 hour to 2 hours using Social Networking Sites. 20 or 40% the respondents spent 3 hours to 4 hours using Social Networking Sites. 4 out of 50 or 8% of the respondents answered others. They answered included 5 hours to 6 hours, 6 hours to 7 hours, 8 hours to 24 hours and it depends. Most of the respondents spent 1 hour to 2 hours using Social Networking Sites.

    Sub-problem 3: How does Social Networking Sites affect the Academic Performance of Selected Third year students?

    Table 3.1
    Does Social Networking Sites affected Examinations
    RESPONSESFREQUENCYPERCENTAGE
    Yes1632%
    No3468%
    TOTAL50100%

    From the 50 respondents, 16 or 32% of the respondents answered yes, Social Networking sites affected their examinations. 34 or 68% of the respondents answered no, Social Networking Sites did not affect their examinations. Most of the respondents said that Social Networking Sites did not affect their examinations.

    Table 3.1.1
    How Social Networking Sites affected Examinations
    RESPONSESFREQUENCYPERCENTAGE
    Getting lower scores531.25%
    Getting higher scores16.25%
    Spending lesser time studying956.25%
    Others16.25%
    TOTAL16100%

    From the 16 respondents who answered yes, 5 or 31.25% who answered yes said that using Social Networking Sites affected their examinations because they got lower scores. 1 or 6.25% who answered yes said that using Social Networking Sites affected his examination because he got higher scores. 9 or 56.25% who answered yes said that using Social Networking Sites affected their examinations because they spent lesser time studying. Most of the respondents who said that their examinations were affected because they spent lesser time studying.

    Table 3.2
    Does Social Networking Sites affected Promptness
    RESPONSESFREQUENCYPERCENTAGE
    Yes1428%
    No3672%
    TOTAL50100%

    From the 50 respondents, 14 or 28% of the respondents answered yes, Social Networking sites affected their promptness. 36 or 72% of the respondents answered no, Social Networking Sites did not affect their promptness. Most of the respondents said that Social Networking Sites did not affect their promptness.

    Table 3.2.1
    How Social Networking Sites affected Promptness
    RESPONSESFREQUENCYPERCENTAGE
    Lesser time doing projects and creative outputs535.71%
    Lesser creativity of the projects535.71%
    More ideas are formulated for the projects428.58%
    Others00%
    TOTAL14100%

    From the 14 respondents who answered yes, 5 or 35.71% who answered yes said that using Social Networking Sites affected their promptness because they spent lesser time doing the projects. 5 or 35.71% who answered yes said that using Social Networking Sites affected their promptness because they created a project with lesser creativity. 4 or 28.58% who answered yes said that using Social Networking Sites affected their promptness because they formulated more ideas for the project. Most of the respondents who said that their promptness was affected were because they got spent lesser time doing the project and they created lesser creative projects.

    Table 3.3
    Does Social Networking Sites affected Participation in Class RESPONSESFREQUENCYPERCENTAGE
    Yes1224%
    No3876%
    TOTAL50100%

    From the 50 respondents, 50 or 24% of the respondents answered yes, Social Networking sites affected their participation in class. 38 or 76% of the respondents answered no, Social Networking Sites did not affect their participation in class. Most of the respondents said that Social Networking Sites did not affect their participation in class.

    Table 3.3.1
    How Social Networking Sites affected Participation in Class
    RESPONSESFREQUENCYPERCENTAGE
    Choice of words differs in recitation325%
    More ideas are shared in class650%
    Flow of words and sensibility of thoughts325%
    Others00%
    TOTAL12100%

    From the 12 respondents who answered yes in the previous question. 3 or 25% who answered yes said that using Social Networking Sites affected their participation in class because their choice of words differs in recitation. 6 or 50% who answered yes said that using Social Networking Sites affected their participation in class because they shared more ideas in class. 3 or 25% who answered yes said that using Social Networking Sites affected their participation in class because the flow of words and their sensibility of thoughts differ in recitation. Most of the respondents who said that their participation in class was affected; it was because more ideas were shared in class.

    Sub-problem 4: What are the actions to be done to enhance the effects of Social Networking Sites on the Academic Performance of Selected Third year students?

    Table 4.1
    Possible actions to be done to limit the usage of Social Networking Sites RESPONSESFREQUENCYPERCENTAGE
    The school should give offenses to students12%
    The parents should reprimand or guard them from using Social Networking Sites1836% The students should engage themselves to other productive activities (Joining orgs, studying lessons, joining church activities2550% Others612%

    TOTAL50100%

    From the 50 respondents, 1 out of 50 or 2% of the respondents said that it was better for the school to give offenses to students. 18 or 36% of the respondents said that it was better for the parents to reprimand or guard them from using Social Networking Sites. 25 or 50% of the respondents said that it was better for the students to join themselves to other productive activities. 6 or 12% of the respondents answered others. They answered students should limit their time using Social Networking Sites, let their parents set their own time of using Social Networking Sites, discipline oneself and the students must learn by themselves. Most of the students suggested that it was better to join themselves to other productive activities to limit their time using Social Networking Sites.

    Chapter IV
    Summary of Findings, Conclusion and Recommendations
    Summary
    What are the most visited Social Networking Sites?
    Out of 50 respondents, 49 or 98% respondents used Facebook, followed by Twitter with 32 or 64% respondents and Tumblr with 17 or 34%.
    What are the effects of Social Networking Sites on Academic Performance of Selected Third Year? Out of 50 respondents, 45 or 90% of the respondents used Social Networking sites for communication with their teachers and classmates for them to gain information. 6 or 12% of the respondents who used Social Networking Sites caused them to be tardy at school. 10 or 20% of the respondents who used Social Networking Sites led them to addiction. 1 or 2% of the respondents who used Social Networking Sites had a problem with time management.

    How does Social Networking Sites affect the Academic Performance of the Selected Third year students? Results showed that out of 50 respondents, 34 or 68% of the respondents said that Social Networking Sites did not affect their examinations, 16 or 32% of the respondents said that Social Networking Sites affected their examinations. Those who answered Social Networking Sites affected their examinations, out of 16 respondents, 9 or 56.25% of the respondents spent lesser time studying, 5 or 31.25% of the respondents got lower scores. While in terms of promptness in passing projects, out of 50 respondents, 36 or 72% of the respondents said that Social Networking Sites did not affect their promptness in passing projects and creative outputs, 14 or 48% of the respondents said that Social Networking Sites affected their promptness in passing projects.Those who answered Social Networking Sites affected their promptness in passing projects, out of 12 respondents, 6 or 50% of the respondents shared more ideas in class through the use of Social Networking sites. While in terms of recitation in class, out of 50 respondents, 12 or 24% of the respondents said that Social Networking Sites affected their recitation in class. 38 or 76% of the respondents said that Social Networking Sites did not affect their recitation in class. Those who answered that Social Networking Sites affected recitation in class, out of the 12 respondents, 3 or 25% of the respondents said that Social Networking Sites changed their choice of words, 3 or 25% of the respondents said that Social Networking Sites changed their flow of words and sensibility of thoughts.

    What are the actions to be done to enhance the effects of Social Networking Sites on the Academic Performance of the Selected Third year students? Out of 50 respondents, 25 or 50% of the respondents answered that students should engage themselves to other productive activities for them to prevent themselves from using Social Networking Sites, 18 or 36% of the respondents answered that their parents must control them from using Social Networking Sites for the same reason, while 1 or 2% of the respondents answered that the school should give offenses to those students who used Social Networking Sites in negative purposes. 6 or 12% of the respondents answered others. They answered that the student should learn discipline from using Social Networking Sites, students should learn by themselves, let their parents set their own time of usage, and that students should had limited their time of usage.

    Conclusion
    What are the most visited Social Networking Sites?
    Most of the respondents have Facebook, Twitter and Tumblr, that is why the Facebook, Twitter and Tumblr are ranked as the top three Social Networking Sites.
    What are the effects of Social Networking Sites to the Academic Performance of selected third year high school students? Most of the respondents are affected positively through the easy communication with the teachers and students. But the respondents are affected negatively as well through tardiness and sleepiness in school and addiction which leads to mixed priorities and lesser time studying.

    How does Social Networking Sites affect the Academic Performance of the Selected Third year students? Most of the respondents said that Social Networking Sites do not affect their examinations in school such as Mastery test, Monthly test and Quarterly test, it also does not affected their promptness in passing projects, it also does not affect their recitation in class.

    What are the actions to be done to enhance the effects of Social Networking Sites on the Academic Performance of the Selected Third year students?
    Most of the respondents suggest that engaging themselves in other recreational activities can limit too much usage of Social Networking Sites.

    Recommendations
    The main purpose of this study is to identify the effects of Social Networking Sites on the Academic Performance of Selected Third year students. After gathering and analyzing of the data, we came up with the following recommendations.

    For the students who are engaging themselves to Social Networking Sites, they need to engage themselves to other productive activities such as joining organizations, joining church activities and a lot more. They need to limit their time using Social Networking Sites so that they can avoid the negative effects it gives. They also need to give more time studying.

    For the researchers, they need to apply all the possible suggestions given by the respondents so they too can avoid the effects it gives. Since they are also teenagers like the respondents, they should also limit their usage and focus more on studying than using Social Networking Sites. Yet, it can also be beneficial by using Social Networking Sites just by using it in a good way without abusing it.

    For the parents, they should guard their children in using Social Networking Sites. They should give allotted time of usage for their children so they can discipline themselves and avoid the effects. Since they are the guardian of these respondents, they can easily help their children to be disciplined when using Social Networking Sites.

    For the future researchers, we recommend them to have a further study with regard to this topic to understand the topic more. They should study and analyze the effects given by the researchers and start another topic in that. More students can be benefitted by the future researches about this topic.

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