Adult Learning Theory
Adult Learning Theories are organized on the comprehension of adults. Certain obstacles grown-ups may endure could hinder their learning process. Preceptors use adult learning theories to format the learning process of their students. Every student has different circumstances and life experiences that can affect their ability to learn. Adult learning theories are intended to give scholars a perception on how adults learn.
The article “Adult Learning Theory: Applications to Non-Traditional College Students” focuses on how to teach and comprehend the adult learner, showing them ways that they can contribute to the learning environment, to enhance their knowledge adults are perpetually learning recent data. Knowles describes four principles in Andragogy that portrays the grown-up learner. 1. They resist having information bestowed upon them; they are self-directed and take responsibility for their actions. 2. They have an abundant amount of experience that serves as a vital part of the foundation in their individualism. 3. They’re eager to learn and will usually engage actively in the learning environment. 4. They are motivated to perform task. “Adult students returning to college attend for a specific goal and the primary component of their motivational drive tends to be internal. ” (Knowles, 1984) Adults have a desire for learning and it’s crucial that instructors clasp the different approaches of learning. When approaching new learning material do so strategically.
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The presented data should be professional, so that the learner will not be confused and the material will be profitable. “Adult Learning Theory for the Twenty-First Century” discusses the goals of scholars to better prepare them for every aspect of the learning process. The learning process is ever changing, students at a beginners level need to reflect on history and cultural context to help them blossom while continuing their education. As adults continue to develop learning and teaching styles must change to keep up. It appears that adult learning research and theory building are expanding to include more than just an individual, cognitive understanding of learning. ” (S. Merrian, 2008). When the body, emotions, mind, society and spirit intersect, learning then occurs. The two articles both discuss that the adult learning process is a distinctive development, the first article pointed out the four principles of Andragogy that describes grown-up learners. The second article talks about how grown-up learning is always growing and changing to be more complicated as time goes on.
Both articles point out that adult learning theories are emerging and covering a broad spectrum of material. This material should be presented properly so that it is cogent to the learner. Several theories explain how important and unique the adult learner learns. To the scholar and preceptor these theories are imperative for advancement. Adult learning theories are the back bone to crucial learning materials. The data should always be presented professionally so that the knowledge is beneficial to our learning process.
REFLECTION As a beginning student in the learning process a great way to exceed is to reflect on the adult learning theories. When writing an article or term paper, I take the knowledge attained from my research and put it into perspective. I feel that recalling on the information learned about the learning theories will benefit my writing abilities. In article one, I relate to what the author says about grown-up learners having their own opinions and perspectives that they can bestow upon the learning environment.
There are all kinds of hurdles that can block the learning process. Having an open mind is vital for growing and acquiring knowledge. The adult learning theories will encourage me to develop a suitable learning technique. Article two analyzes diverse levels of learning and that reflection is an important part of the adult learner’s process. There are several different angles that I learned you can put into perspective while in the learning environment. The acquired knowledge from these theories will help my learning process as well as my personal life.
The authors examine a multitude of approaches to the learning process we gain as adults. The articles both have sufficient data to support their hypothesis. Article one focuses more on the disadvantages and advantages that interfere with the learning process of adult students. Article two provides basically the same ideas but is a little more precocious. It points out that reflection is important to the adult learner and that without it their lives would become dormant. Both articles provided the information needed to help understand how we learn as adults.
The adult learning theories have deepened my knowledge of how to apply these theories to be of benefit to my learning process and that understanding them will help me to become a more conscious and effective learner. These theories have been researched and have found to be a highly effective way to help adults learn in any learning environment. Critical thinking can be a key to successful learning. It is critical for me to reflect on professional and personal goals and consider what is vital for me to attain and what is not.