History Of Al Capone Research Paper

Alphonse Capone was born in New York City by two parents

Gabriel and Teresa Capone. Capone’s parents immigrated to the United States in 1893 from Naples, Italy. Capone came

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from a large family and was the fourth oldest of nine children. (Kobler 10). As a child, Capone was very wise when it

came to living on the streets of New York. He had a clever mind when it came to street smarts. As far as school goes,

Capone was a near-illiterate. He came from a poor neighborhood in Brooklyn, so education was not a top priority. At

about the age of eleven Capone became a member of a juvenile gang in his neighborhood. While this was taking place,

around the year 1900, about eleven percent of all the foreign born population in the United States were Italian. Capone

was forced to either deal with a miserable low wage job with a hopeless future or make an improvement for himself by

committing first minor, then serious crimes. Al Capone’s philosophy was that laws only applied to people who had

enough money to live by them. While in the “Bim Booms” gang, Capone was taught how to defend himself with a knife,

and with a gun. By the time Capone reached the sixth grade he had already become a street brawler. Capone never

responded well to authority and for this very reason his schooling would soon come to an end. While attending school,

Capone was responsible for beating a female teacher and knocking her to the ground. The principal of the school rushed

in and punished young Capone and for this very reason he would never return to school again. (Sifakis 603) After

dropping out of school, Capone took up jobs such as working as a pin-setter at a bowling alley, and working behind the

counter at a candy store. Capone was terrific at pool, winning every eightball tournament held in Brooklyn. He also

became an expert knife fighter. Although the “Bim Booms” gang was the first gang Capone ever entered, he was quickly

picked up by the “Five Pointers”. The “Five Pointers” was the most powerful gang in New York city. The gang was

headed by Johnny Torrio, and was made up of over 1,500 thugs who specialized in burglary, extortion, robbery, assault,

and murder. While working as a strong arm enforcer under Torrio, Capone learned all the lethal tricks that would help

him get from rags to riches in no time at all. Capone was very grateful to Torrio. Torrio first set Capone out to do all of

his “dirty work”. Capone was sent to beat up loan shark victims behind on their payments, then a pimp, beating up girls

who were holding out on their nightly take. Torrio finally got Capone a job as a bouncer at the Harvard Inn. By this time

Capone was recognized by his gang as being a vicious fighter with both fists and knives. He also became an excellent

marksman with both a revolver and automatic weapons. This was due to many months of shooting empty bottles in the

basement of the Inn. Capone was later promoted to bartender at the Harvard Inn. At this time capone recieved the scar

which would give him his famous nickname, “Scarface”. It is really not known how Capone ended up with a scar that

extended four inches across his left cheek. Capone often lied about how he got the scar. On December 18, 1918, Capone

was married at the age of 19, to a 21 year old Irish girl named Mae Coughlin. A short time later Albert Francis Capone

was born to the couple. At the same time this was going on, in New York, Johnny Torrio moved his operations to

Chicago. Torrio’s prospects in New York looked low because Capone was charged for two murders. He was released

when a witness lost her memory, and evidence suddenly vanished from the court. Al Capone knew that he had Torrio to

thank for this. A few days later, Capone got into a fight with another man and killed him. Rather than being charged

again, Capone called Torrio and received an invitation to move to Chicago. (Nash 604) As Capone arrived in Chicago,

Capone was given a job as a bouncer at Torrio’s newest club, The Four Deuces. Capone was known as an aggressive

man, hospitalizing most of the drunks he evicted. Men were hospitalized with broken arms, broken legs, and skull

fractures. Capone was repeatedly arrested for assault, but was always released thanks to Torrio’s police connections.

While working at The Four Deuces, Capone strangled at least twelve men with his bare hands. The bodies were dragged

to the basement through a trap door that led to the alley behind the club. There a fast getaway car would always be

waiting for Capone to flee in. The underworld of Chicago at the time was being run by a fellow named “Big Jim”

Colosimo. Colosimo was a flamboyant man. He dressed in expensive suits and was covered in diamond jewelry. He was

always seen eating at expensive restaurants, and owned all the brothels, saloons, and gambling dens in Chicago. (Nash

605) Johnny Torrio grew very jealous of Colosimo and soon sent for his most loyal hitman, Al Capone. When Capone

arrived in Chicago, he was assigned the small jobs as a bouncer and bartender to disguise Torrio’s real reason for

sending for him, to kill off “Big Jim” Colosimo. “Big Jim” Colosimo was killed on the night of May 11, 1920. (Nash 606)

The reason for his death was due mostly to the prohibition act to be passed in 1920. The act forbid alcohol to be

distributed to all the bars in Chicago. Torrio, the nephew of Colosimo, often asked him to start an underground operation

that could supply all the bars with beer and liquor, but Colosimo always answered with a firm no. In this, Al Capone was

soon to become the great distributor of alcohol in Chicago during Prohibition. (Allsop 56) Al Capone’s mob ran the streets

of Chicago. While Capone’s street mob was at its peak, it consisted of over 1,000 members and half of the Chicago police

force. Capone’s payroll at the time consisted of police officers, state’s attorneys, mayors, legislators, governors, and even

congressmen. (Nash 608) At the time Capone was known as the “King of Chicago”. Being the king of Chicago had its

downfalls. Numerous threats on his life were made, he was shot at in streets, and even had poison slipped into his food

at clubs. In a near death experience a rival gang member, Dion O’Banion, shot 1,000 rounds into the Hawthorn Inn

where Capone was staying. After he had cheated death, the arranging of O’Banion’s death would be marked as one of

Capone’s greatest accomplishments. This assassination was done by Capone’s two best hitmen, John Scalise and Albert

Anselmi. Unfortunately for Al Capone all was not well after the murder of Dion O’Banion. Capone’s last effort was to kill

the last major leader of the O’Banion’s street gang, Bugs Moran. This was ordered as the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre.

Capone’s men dressed as police officers and lined seven of O’Banion’s gang members up across a garage wall. The

gang offered no resistance because they thought it was a regular police routine. Instead Capone’s men opened up over

1,000 rounds of machine gun fire slaughtering the members. Unfortunately for Capone, Bugs Moran was not present

among the seven men who were killed. (Nash 112) Capone’s downfall was caused by one of his own business agents

who ran Capone’s dog and horse race tracks. The man’s name was Eddie O’Hare, one of the best undercover men hired

by the IRS. He informed the IRS where books reflecting Capone’s income could be seized. Capone had never paid any

type of income tax and for this very reason he was brought up on charges of tax invasion in front of the federal court.

Capone offered the federal government $400,000 to drop the case against him, but they rejected the offer. Capone was

convicted and given the maximum sentence which was a $50,000 fine, court costs of $30,000, and eleven years in jail.

(Nash 116 ) Capone started his sentence in an Atlanta prison. In 1934 he was transferred to Alcatraz, also known as “The

Rock”. Five years later he was released from Alcatraz as a helpless paretic, due to the untreated syphilis he got from

prostitutes. Later that year, Al Capone was judged insane and was released to the care of his family. (Sifakis 613 ) In

January 1947 Capone had a massive brain hemorrhage and died. His body was removed from his estate in Florida and

transferred back to the seen of his underworld triumph, Chicago. The family held a private ceremony at the cemetery,

but were affraid of grave robbers taking the corpse so they reburied Capone in a secret place in Mt. Carmel Cemetery.


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