Compare the strength and weaknesses of the American and British sides in the American Revolutionary War. Explain why the Americans were successful in winning.
In comparing the British and the American strength and weaknesses, the reason the American were successful in winning the war was due to non-military factors and some geographic reason as well as foreign support. The non- military reasons included their ability to unite, use of propaganda like the one in the book Common Sense and the influence of people like Paul Revere and George Washington. Another main factor that affected the outcome of the war was geographical reasons. Americans were fighting on their own land versus the British who had come from overseas. This essay will show how these reason’s led to the American’s winning the war.
The American strengths included their ability to unite, their strong leaders and their receiving aid from France. One of the main reasons the Americans won the war was because of their unification. For example we can see their unification with the Continental Congress and the Declaration of Independence where they agreed upon an action which was benefiting for the country.
The use of propaganda was another way to create unity for the American cause. An example of this is the book Common Sense by Thomas Paine. It helped encourage the issuance of the Declaration of Independence and pointed out the economic benefits if they continued fighting against the British. Events such as the Boston Massacre were depicted by Paul Revere in exaggerated way to Americans to increase their wanting to fight for independence against the “bad” British.
The American won also because of strong leaders like General Washington and how he made a surprise attack on the British in 1776, Christmas when he was crossing the Delaware and was in New Jersey. The British were overconfident and George Washington took advantage by surprise attacking. The victory led to a new hope. The Americans realized that they could beat the British. Another reason for the American success was because of aid from foreign countries like France. France and the Americans signed treaties.
The first treaty was just saying that they would give each other favored treatment in matter of trade. The French sent gold, powder, shot, equipment, a fleet and troops. Spain, Netherlands and Prussia also helped the Americans. The aid was not only an economic support but also emotional.
Besides non-military reason’s another factor that helped the American’s win the war because they were fighting on their homeland. They were experienced with the land more than anyone and for the British their central base was in London and it was very hard for them to communicate. America was all wilderness and the tree’s were green and it was hard for the British to see the American’s but it was easy for the American’s to see the British because they were wearing red color coats.
Even though the British had many strengths their overconfidence and miscalculation overshadowed these factors. The British strengths were that they had well trained-solders, and had funds from other countries. They were also experienced in fighting wars, for example the wars they had fought with France in the beginning. They also had money so they could just buy soldiers. They also had a strong navy and they could cut off American trade. However they made many blunders such as Trenton and Princeton where they assumed that they would win and actually they were caught of guard and defeated.
The other important reason why the American won the war was because of the weakness the British had for example, the difficulty to communicate, not enough supplies because their supply was coming from London and London was a very far away from America. They also had hired soldiers which where not loyal to them and the soldiers where German. They were also not ready for example when Washington did a surprise attack on them and they were not ready. Although the Americans had many weaknesses they took advantage of their few strengths, unity, strong leadership and foreign support. It is surprising that they were able to defeat A more wealthy and stronger British force. The American’s were poor, they had no clothes in the winter when the winters were very cold.
The Army was not well trained for example we can see that in all the battles the American lost like Lexington, Breeds, Ticonderega, Crown Point, etc. And during sometimes there was no agreement between the government officials. They also had a lack of effective government and it was a disorganized government.
In the beginning the Americans were reluctant to fight, they didnt know what to decide. However, over time the Americans had small victories that helped them gain confidence and support eventually leading to them winning the war. As we can see that the American won the war because of their strength and partly because of the British weakness. The two main reasons the American won the war was because of the non-military factors like the unification, propaganda and strong leaders. They also won the war because of the advantage they had in fighting in a geographic area that they new and understood better while the British were foreigners and they didn’t know enough about the land as much the American.