An Analysis of Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird

There’s Just One Kind Of Folks. “I know, up on top you are seeing great sights, but down here at the bottom we, too, should have rights” (Dr. Seuss). In the small town of Maycomb, Alabama the common people must face massive amount of racial and economic complications. The Finch family must undergo some of these complications and it may cost them their respect from everyone. Atticus, Jem and Scout must try to advice everyone that it is time for a change. In Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird, the author points out to the reader the injustice in the world by exposing the truth of a small town in Alabama.

In the novel, Scout learns to grow up and mature perhaps too soon. In the beginning of the novel Scout does not understand the world that well. Her unawareness is shown when she has to deal with problems such as understanding Walter Cunningham’s everyday life styles. Scout reacts not very properly and eventually she just beats him up, and that shows that when times get rough for her she just gets angry and does not know how to react. When the trial starts, Scout has to mature and understand what is going on in her town.

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Scout highlights the injustice in her classroom by stating “Jem, how can you hate Hitler so bad an’ then turn around and be ugly about folks right here at home? ” (Lee 173) She just does not appreciate how her teacher is getting absurd about the Holocaust and Hitler but she will not realize the dilemma in her own town. Many children in Maycomb do not comprehend issues in a manner that Jem and Scout do and that is because they have a fair-minded father and Atticus teaches them right from wrong. Atticus Finch is a lawyer in his town, he is a man of full wisdom and everyone seems to respect him; that is before the trial.

Atticus suggests that Jem and Scout should look at the world in other peoples shoes when he expresses “”You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view – until you climb into his skin and walk around in it” (Lee 30). He educates his children by telling them they cannot prejudge people, they have to be the one to make the decision for themselves. As the trial starts Atticus faces the injustice that all black people have to go through every day. The black man Atticus is defending is Tom Robinson, he is being accused of raping Bob Ewell’s daughter Mayella.

Atticus takes the case because he knows that if he does not he won’t be able to hold is head up in town. Economic classes are enormous in Maycomb but there is something more significant than how much money a person has, and that is the color of their skin. Racial problems have been getting push aside for many years and no one has really been up for a change. Tom expresses that a white person cannot understand what a black person is going through when he states “Mr Finch, if you was a nigger like me, you’d be scared, too”(Lee 199).

Tom is getting accused for something he did not do and the people of Maycomb are not looking at the facts, all they care about is their own opinions. At the end of the day all they care about is what color skin Tom has, not what he has to say and what lies the Ewell’s are telling. Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird talks about injustice and how race is such a big part in society. Maycomb may be a made up town but there are still towns out in the world that are exactly like that.

In 2006, a small town in Louisiana called Jena had some issues with race and when a fight broke out in December between black and white students, things got more horrid from there on. No one was seriously hurt from the fight but the six black students were charged with second-degree attempted murder while the white students only got a detention. The whites and the blacks were both out of line but why is it that only the black people got charged. “I refuse to accept the view that mankind is so tragically bound to the starless midnight of racism and war that the bright daybreak of peace and brotherhood can never become a reality….

I believe that unarmed truth and unconditional love will have the final word” (Martin Luther King, Jr. ). It’s been almost 50 years since Martin Luther King has made his I Have a Dream Speech and there is still animosity between races. It really is unbelievable how much injustice is still in the world today, in the novel Lee talks about racial issues and prejudging people before getting to know them and at the end of the day the reader just needs to do what they think is right not what everybody else thinks is right.

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