An overview of stress management, coping methodologies, and an approach to evaluating stress in humans and in the work place
Book title: PETER G - An overview of stress management, coping methodologies, and an approach to evaluating stress in humans and in the work place introduction. HANSON: STRESS FOR SUCCESS
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Peter Hanson’s overview on stress management is a comprehensive approach to coping and managing stress. Stress is the adaptation of our bodies and minds to change. This change creates emotions which force our bodies and minds to strain to adapt to them and relatively force the human body and mind to be forced to exhibit strains and moods towards various characteristics of situations in the immediate environment (Hanson, 1990).
According to Hanson, a person’s main challenge is not the task of eliminating stress but the task of managing the stress and at the same time, achieves his goals (47-50). Doing this will harness ones energies to achieve her goals successfully. One has to play down the negative work relationships and interpersonal conflicts by identifying where he/she is wrong hence address them. This repose’s confidence and one develops a positive mental attitude towards her goals.
Hanson draws out the picture of workplace stress and normal pressure on a human resulting into stress which is seen within various settings and environments. Hanson reflections point at the challenges of working and seeking better livelihood as the onset of stress. As such he focuses on explaining the depths of stress and the working world.
He defines this work related elements of stress in a general perspective wherein he comprehensively argues that; too much work, poor direction at work, workaholic fever, changing technological aspects of workplace requirements, pressure, exhaustive schedules and inability to relax are the definition of workplace stress, (Hansen, 1990). Workplace stress management reflects on a collective responsibility to understand and help manage stress levels within the staff in the workplace.
Emotive approaches to impending issues and making rash and rapid decisions leads to unsatisfactory approaches to issues and causes pressure on individuals. Emotions in situations on various arising circumstances are based on a functional appraisal of events which are two way: to advance or hinder explicit or implicit goals (Ashkanasy, 2003). This is basis of stressors taking advantage of the mind and the body.
Understanding that health management resolves impending burnout is the first step to managing stress. One should know bodily fitness, time and rest are the integral elements of good performance and stress management (Haunschild 2001). Attitude that change should be from top downwards, halting to push for workaholics to get results, paying attention to detail, speak up when something positive is done, stop closed door policy improve ones perspective of work ethics and consolidate gains through narrowing goals to workable plans not fizzling objectives is the key to successful health and stress free workplace and home environment always (Hanson, 92-98).
Evaluation of stress
Lazarus and Folkman (1988) argue that, stress and morale are at the opposite ends of an occupational well-being continuum. Stress is seen from a perspective of how it effects one abilities to successfully implement and go about his work, duties and daily work without mental turmoil or physical burnout and poor health. Emotional overtone is merely a judgment or description about what is happening in the mind (Hart et al., 2000).
Manifestation of emotions in dialogue, decision making and various circumstances is the key element of evaluating stress. Stressed people portray these characteristics and the depths of stress in them are measurable from such a proxy. Speech, alcoholism, workaholic behaviour, irritability, lack of concentration, excessive smoking, un-necessary arguments, tempers and violence are the elements of stress in the human body.
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Hart, P.M. & Cooper, C.L. (2001).Occupational Stress: Toward a More Integrated Framework. In N. Anderson, D.S. Ones, H.K. Sinangil, & C. Viswesvaran (Eds), Handbook of Industrial, Work and Organizational Psychology (vol 2: Personnel Psychology). London: Sage. Pp 3-11
Peter G Hanson (1990): Stress for success: Thriving on stress at work; Collins, Toronto