Rainey, M - Analytical Abstract introduction. (2010). Community Colleges Face Challenge in Helping Minority Students Succeed. Journal Insight into Diversity, 3, 5-8. Hypothesis: Research was conducted in a certain number of Community Colleges comparing minorities and Caucasians graduation rate. He proposed that tuition rate and class sizes affected the rate of minorities graduating college, not only community colleges, but 4 year colleges also. Method: The study started with 27 community colleges in 2004 throughout five states that was the main focus. He focused his study on minorities in the southern colleges and Texas.
Minorities include African Americans and Hispanics. This program is referred to as Achieving the Dream. Today there are over 100 colleges in 22 states that is currently the focus. In every college the focus is on how professors introduce work to students to prepare them for the next level of education, which is a bachelor’s degree, or even harder more complicated course work. The author also looked at cost of attendance to colleges and how financial aid caused many minorities to withdraw or take a smaller course load, which in turn caused the graduation rate for minorities to decrease.
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The study is for two years, but the program hopes colleges would agree for more years as the percentile of graduating minorities would eventually increase. If colleges agree to being a participant of achieving the dream, each college pays an annual fee that teaches them about Achieving the Dream, how to go about their analysis work, how to devise a game plan in regards to graduation rate of minorities and low income students, and making decisions about moving forward.
Every school is assigned a person who will coach and guide them through college arenas meaning maintaining a college and helping with their graduation rate. Also a data facilitator will be assigned to keep track of all data and percentiles to help increase colleges with low percentile rates in certain areas. Results: With programs such as Achieving the Dream others have chipped in to help towards college graduation rate for minorities. President Obama has proposed 2 billion dollars to helping American students finish college and to obtain a bachelors degree. Of the colleges that were studied the gap between Caucasians and minorities has decreased with Hispanics being 2% ahead of Caucasians and African Americans being 3% behind Caucasians falling from 14%.
From a study in Texas 20. 7% of minorities have transferred to a 4 year college for higher education than recorded in other colleges that were not part of the study where the transfer rate was 16. %. Discussion: Strength of the study was not limited to one study, but was a study that showed progress year after year and eventually caught the attention the U. S. Government who sees that our economy is in need of college graduates. As the economy is today, there will be a need for individuals with associates and bachelors degree because the economy is in a financial crisis and if an individual does not possess a degree they will have a hard time finding work that pays the bills.
Another strength of this article is that it studied colleges of the same skill level and compared each one against each other which did not screw the results. A limitation of this study is that it focused on colleges in the south and in Texas and if a study was done in New York, Florida, California, where standards of education are Regent diploma for high school the study and percentile received would have been different due to the standards of education and enrollment into colleges.
Overall, the article has indicates that with extra help and needed assistance of grant funds and scholarships students would do better in college and will have a higher graduating rate. Minorities will benefit more and with coming from a low income family will have the support and financial needs readily available and this would be less of a stressor for minorities.