Analyze the importance of Gandhi to the success of the Indian Independence movement
When addressing to the success of the Indian independence movement, Mahatma Gandhi is always mentioned - Analyze the importance of Gandhi to the success of the Indian Independence movement introduction. To a large extent the importance of Gandhi to the success in achieving the independence movement is unadoptable. As the major leader of the movement, not only should Gandhi’s role in the movement and his ideology should be examined; moreover to determine the importance of him to the success, the world wide situation during that period should also be considered as one of the major factors in allowing India to achieve her independence. Undoubtedly, the major key that triggered Gandhi’s thought of Satyagraha movement was his participation in the South Africa movement between 1893 to 1914. Through the cooperation with wide range of Indians, he had the opportunity to be exposed to all sorts of political methodologies such as marches, rallies and press campaigns.
These political tactics combining with Gandhi’s belief, his philosophy had thereby created the concept of Satyagraha, focusing on non violence resistance to injustice and evil. With Gandhi’s philosophy of “every individual was created to search for truth and that to fully be human, individuals should reach the truth within themselves” this in relation to the non violence methodology gave the reason that “Weaker must not be force to accept the view of the strongest against own truth” it is therefore essential for individuals to follow this ideology. He was also clear in stating that such challenge cannot easily be achieved, only strong individuals can achieve the goal in searching for the inner truth. Different perspectives suggest the different approach in evaluating Gandhi’s role. One could argue that he was one of the greatest men in India’s history as “he gave shape and character to India’s freedom struggle” moreover, he even “sacrificed his own life” for the sake of granting India its independence. Certainly, Gandhi could be argued to be the crucial role in the freedom struggle of India as he was the first to establish the non violence ideology rather than using violence.
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It is certain that his non violent and peaceful methods were a success in allowing India to gain independence from the British. Gandhi’s faith in different religions was also quite interesting as his character was well-known for being truthful and kind. Series of non violent protests were carried out as Gandhi established a numbers of movements such as the non cooperation, civil disobedience and the quite India movement. Those movements based on Gandhi’s fundamental ideology of Satyagraha. The non cooperation movement aimed at awakening the Indians to the basic fact that the British can be fought against. Through boycotting foreign goods and educational institutions, non violence protests were carried out. Certainly, this protest failed, however, the Indians were made aware to the fact that there’s hope in overthrowing the British. The civil disobedience movement on the other hand was more active and aimed at withdrawing support from everything. The Satyagraha salt movement attempted to eliminate the salt tax, also the boycott of British cloth were peaceful protests against the British. The other major non violence movement was the quit India movement where it attempts to bring the British to negotiate with Indians. However, leaders were arrested and put in jail. Where then Gandhi went on fasting for days. This freedom struggle developed into a whole united passionate India movement where everyone contributed and struggled for freedom.
Giving the spiritual encouragement to the people certainly to an extent created peace within the society and built up the non violence relationship with the British colonial government. Socially, the ideology of Satyagraha was created out of good thoughts, however this idea contradicts with the traditional Indian thoughts; the Satyagraha in particular sharply contrasts with the Hidu belief. The methodology of self-suffering and passive resistance had parted the people from the traditional thoughts and believes. Boycotting the British goods was certainly a reasonable and peaceful method as it created no physical harm for both sides and successfully achieves the goal in turning against the British. However, those movements were to a large extent impractical and unrealistic in terms of maintaining India’s economy.
Conclusion: Gandhi’s ideology and movements are impractical and unrealistic. However, his role as a leader and his contribution to the independent movement was amazingly successful. His belief of non violence had created a passive resistance to injustice in India. In results were the composed large rural communities that are devoted to spinning and weaving their own clothes. Although by this, the methodology of Satyagraha was to an extent impractical for the Indian society, it was also the crucial galvanizing force that allowed Gandhi to gain support to make the independence movement.