Perhaps the greatest document of all time, the Constitution of the United States of America was not easily created. Fifty-five great men were needed to hammer out all the details of the Constitution in a long grueling process. As James Madison, architect of the constitution said, The writing of the Constitution formed a task more difficult than can be well conceived by those who were not concerned in the execution of it. Adding to the difficulty the natural diversity of human opinions on all new and complicated subjects, it is impossible to consider the degree of concord which ultimately prevailed as less than a miracle.
The natural diversity of human opinions which Madison spoke of can be split into two basic groups, Federalists, and Anti-Federalists. The Constitution took so long to be created because of the opposite views of the Federalists and Anti-Federalists.
The Federalists were extremely pleased with the ratification of the Constitution. Almost everything they wanted to be a part of the document was included.
They felt that in order for the states to feel equal, they would all need to be part of a stronger, higher government, and the Constitution provided this. Each state would be governed by most of the same laws, and the people would all be equally represented in congress, therefore there was no reason for the people to feel that they werent equal to other states. The Federalists obviously wanted the government to represent the people, that is why they based the states representatives in congress on population. These representatives were a true representation of the people in their state. One other reason the Federalists were happy with the constitution was thatAlthough many people were happy with the Constitution, many were not. These unhappy Americans were known as Anti-Federalists. There were many reasons as to why the Anti-Federalists were not happy, some more important than others. One of their biggest complaints was that every state was different, therefore they all needed to have their own separate governments. They felt it would be impossible to have a central ruling body, because the states all had their own identities. A lot of the states were similar in some ways, but no two were exactly alike. Another problem they had with the Constitution was that there was no Bill of Rights. The Anti-Federalists thought the peoples individual rights were not covered well enough in the document, and a Bill of Rights declaring these needed to be included. The last main thing the Anti-Federalists werent pleased about wasIf think that if I had lived during this time period, I would have been very happy with almost all of the Constitution. I feel that having representatives in one of the houses of Congress is truly in the peoples best interests, even though the smaller states end up with less representation. I also think that having one higher governing body over the other states makes the U.S.A. a great nation. Without this central government, the states might have ended up forming separate nations, nowhere near as strong as our nation is today. The only thing I would have changed about the Constitution would have been a Bill of Rights. Having and knowing our own personal rights greatly benefits the people, and probably helps make governing the nation easier. Even though a Bill of Rights was not included in the Constitution, I still would have voted to ratify it.
The Constitution of the United States, an amazingly historic document, was incredibly hard to create because of the opposing views of the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists. In the end, the Federalists would be considered the victors, because most of the things they wanted to be part of the Constitution were included. The Anti-Federalists were extremely unhappy with the Constitution because most of their ideas were rejected. Today, most of these Anti-Federalist views are gone. The vast majority of the population sees the Constitution as an ingenious document that is the foundation of the greatest nation in the world.