Annotated Bibliography on Technology Related to Childhood Issues

Annotated Bibliography on Technology Related to Childhood Issues Braithwaite, Irene, Alistair W - Annotated Bibliography on Technology Related to Childhood Issues introduction. Stewart, Robert J. Hancox, Richard Beasley, Rinki Murphy, and Edwin A. Mitchell. “The Worldwide Association between Television Viewing and Obesity in Children and Adolescents: Cross Sectional Study.” PLoS ONE 8.9 (2013): 1-8. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 24 Oct. 2013.

This scientific article written by informative researchers gives an analysis of growing childhood obesity rates not just pertaining to high-income countries, but worldwide. It is backed by international studies and charts that give evidence to prolonged television viewing relating to increased BMI (Body Mass Index) in children and adolescents. The authors in this article include multiple test groups, from various countries, ranging from young male and female children, to male’s and female’s in there adolescent (teenage) years. Although the relationship is positive in all test groups, within all countries, the relationship is strongest with adolescent females. The authors also give reason to this powerful relationship resulting from female’s capability to gain more weight during puberty. The article gives reasons such as lack of physical activity, lack of sleep, exposure to food advertisement on television, and increased calorie intake while watching television, for television increasing body fat. Levin, Diane E., and Nancy Carlsson-Paige. “Disempowering the ‘Power Rangers’.” Education Digest 61.9 (96): 17. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 25 Oct. 2013.

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The authors of this informative article give claim to the Power Rangers increasing violent behavior in children. They infer that children absorb a more realistic view of violence from the Power Rangers because they are real actors, verse animated characters displaying violence in cartoons. The authors support this claim with a study displaying 97% of teachers witnessed increased violence and aggression among children due to Power Rangers. Teachers also refer to children imitating the fighting of the Power Rangers while they play leading to violent conflicts. The article also links flourishing U.S crime amongst the youth today who were in there early childhood years in the late 80’s early 90’s to TV being deregulated, and violent programs such as the Power Rangers arising. Mansbridge, Peter. “The Bloody Bad Games.” Maclean’s 116.50 (2003): 20. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 24 Oct. 2013.

Canadian author, Peter Mansbridge compares the innocent action television of his day, to the gut wrenching, realistic violence viewed by children on todays popular games. Mansbridge gives a concerned view on violent video games today altering children’s views of reality, and destroying their innocence. He claims that the intense brutality viewed by children on a consistent basis hypnotizes them to thinking this blood and gore is normal, and even if it is, it still presents a big problem. Mansbridge includes the Grand Theft Auto game as an example. The article gives a knowledgeable account of the gang fights, prostitution, and car theft aspects pertaining to the game, being available for children of all ages to buy in Canada, even though the game has a mature rating. Yu, Jay. “Mother’s Perceptions of the Negative Impact on TV Food Ads on Children’s Food Choices.” Appetite 59.2 (2012): 372-76. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 25 Oct. 2013.

Korean author Jay Yu gives an in depth review of a study investigating the opinions of mothers towards food advertisements targeting children. Yu implies the ridiculous actuality that 83% of advertised foods pinpointing children are convenience/fast foods and sweets, and that one-third of American children between ages 10 and 17 are classified as overweight. He gives evidence that most mothers are apposed to food advertisements, and that parental perspectives toward the matter can provide important implications for policy makers. More specifically Yu infers that policy makers have utilized parent’s viewpoints to establish or modify regulations regarding advertising content that targets children. “The Negative Effect of TV on Children’s Literacy.” Education Journal 129 (2011): 19. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 25 Oct. 2013. Researchers from Ohio State University performed a study that shows watching television can damage young children’s literacy development because it decreases interaction between parent and child.

The researchers claim that maternal responsiveness, sometimes called “verbal sensitivity,” is a concept that has been used primarily to describe the quality of responses that mothers provide to their infants and young children. The article details that the most important concept of maternal responsiveness is that both, parent and child, are focused on the same activity at the same time, which allows the child to direct the interaction while the mother governs it. The study revealed that reading books increases maternal communication. While on the other hand watching television decreases maternal responsiveness.

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