Annotated Secondary References: Supporting Capital Punishment

Annotated Secondary References: Supporting Capital Punishment

Jiang, S., Lambert, E - Annotated Secondary References: Supporting Capital Punishment introduction. G. & Wang, J.  (2007). Capital punishment views in China and the           United States.  International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology, 51(1), 84-97.

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              Jiang and Lambert are members of the faculty of the University of Toledo, Ohio.  In    this journal article, they have presented a study which had been previously presented during the 14th World Congress of Criminology held last 2005.  It presents a number  of supporting statements which could be used to justify as to why despite the growing  number of alternative forms of sentences passed down to individuals who have been    found guilty in the commission of heinous crimes, many continue to support the use    of capital punishment all over the United States.  One particular statement that would be utilized in the paper is the premise that the utilization of capital punishment would   guarantee the general public individuals who have been found guilty of the    commission of heinous crimes would no longer have the ability and capability to         commit the same crime or similar actions in the future (p. 85).  The article further             includes information with regards the four reasons as to why many individuals in the      United States have continued to support the use of capital punishment.  These pieces     of information would further provide the reader of the proposed paper a deeper   understanding on these ideologies which have served as the cornerstones of the debate           on the use of capital punishment in the United States.

Sandys, M. & McGarrell, E. F. (1995).  Attitudes towards capital punishment: preference for    the penalty or mere acceptance?  Journal of research in crime and delinquency, 32(2),    191-213.

              Sandys and McGarrell are two researchers who had been awarded a grant from            Amnesty International.  The article presents the study conducted on the perception of        Americans living in the state of Indiana towards the use of the capital punishment as a   means of punishment for criminal offenders who have been found guilty for the          commission of heinous crimes.  This study published in this journal was conducted to fully understand the reasons as to why despite the number of alternative sentences         being passed for criminals who have committed heinous crimes, national poll surveys    have stated that 70% are in favor of the use of capital punishment, particularly among criminals who have been found guilty in committing first-degree murders (p. 191).    Based on the results of the study conducted by the researchers through the use of      telephone interviews, they have determined that 76% of the total respondents have             stated that they are supportive towards the use of capital punishment with 56%   expressing their strong support towards the use of capital punishment.  Despite being       presented alternative sentences that could be handed to violent offenders, 40% of the respondents still maintained their position of the use of capital punishment (p. 197).  The information presented in this article would be valuable in providing supporting             evidence to the proposed paper that despite alternative sentences are now being used     on criminals being convicted for heinous crimes, there is still a strong support and        favor being given to the use of capital punishment.

Sims, B. & Johnston, E.  (2004). Examining public opinion about crime and justice: a      statewide study.  Criminal justice policy review, 15(3), 270-93.

              Barbara Sims and Eric Johnston are members of the faculty of Penn State University    Harrisburg.  The journal article presents a nationwide study on the view of the             American public with regards to the current crime rate being experienced in the   country as well as the kinds of crimes being committed.  It also presented the various attitudes and perception on the different kinds of programs and sentences passed by             the American Justice System to individuals who have been found guilty in committing   various offenses.  The study focused in presenting perceptions towards the general          public’s fear of crime, the use of capital punishment, the current system utilized in the     prisons in the country and where the general public would like to see their taxes being    used in terms of funding the current justice system.  The information provided with             regards to these perceptions would provide the basis for the arguments to be presented             in the proposed paper supporting the use of capital punishment to individuals who          have been convicted of heinous crimes.  Furthermore, since the article stated that the           study of the perception and views of the American public is crucial with regards to the             different policies and legislations passed by the government, particularly in the kinds      of sentences given to individuals convicted of heinous crimes, the information     provided in this article would show a correlation that the continuous implementation      of the use of capital punishment is directly connected to the popular public opinion       towards this (pp. 273-74).

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