Answers to health questions Essay

Part 1
How does one’s food pattern over time contribute to the development of diseases? - Answers to health questions Essay introduction??

            It is said that the use of saturated fats in the diet is directly connected to heart disease. In another aspect, older women who consume little calcium in their diets can get osteoporosis. Diabetes is also linked to genetics and certain foods have been directly linked to cancer too. All the patterns of food intake can lead to the development of diseases. (Experts: Geography).

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What do you think is the interplay between genetics and eating habits?

Genetics has always been viewed as one of the causes of obesity. Scientists have concluded that a child with two obese parents has an 80 percent chance of being obese. A child with one obese parent has half that chance and a child with two lean parents has only a 10 percent chance of being obese.  It has yet to be proven whether a person could have no chance of suffering from this disease (Stare, Frederick, and Robert Olson, Elizabeth Whelan 1989).

Meals portrayed on prime-time television are anything but balanced and far from relaxed. On TV, snacking (39 percent of all eating-drinking incidents) is almost as common as breakfast, lunch and dinner combined (42 percent). During daytime, weekend children’s programs, snacking comprises 45 percent of all eating events, while regular meals constitute only 24 percent.  Fruits are chosen as snacks on television only 4 to 5 percent of the time. Clearly, TV does not promote good eating habits.

            The United States has experienced dramatic increases in obesity among teenagers. There is a pressing need for innovative interventions to prevent obesity.  There has been widespread speculation that television viewing might be one of the most easily modifiable causes of obesity among teens. This hypothesis has broad appeal, but has been difficult to validate.  There are now proposals for an innovative experimental model. A lot of experiments are now going on to help curb obesity by using the medium of television. (Santrock, John).

How early should one be concerned with preventing diseases? Infancy? Childhood?

One should be concerned about preventing disease especially in childhood when children get to form bad habits of eating junk foods advertised on television. This early, parents need to be aware that their children can be obese just by eating fatty and highly-processed foods.

What is the influence of exercise and weight control in the development and management of these diseases? Heart, diabetics, and cancer.

Treatment is focused at controlling the elevated blood glucose without causing an abnormally low glucose level (hypoglycemia).  What is essential, though, is to start or plan a good diet, that is, low fat, low salt and sugar and high fiber. People with diabetes need to monitor their blood glucose levels. Type 1 diabetes mellitus is treated with insulin, exercise, and a healthy diet. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is first treated with weight reduction, a healthy diet and regular exercise” (Health Information).

The National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse (NDIC)  writes “that Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. The cause of diabetes continues to be a mystery, although both genetics and environmental factors such as obesity and lack of exercise appear to play roles. Diabetes mellitus, commonly referred to as diabetes, is a medical condition associated with abnormally high levels of glucose (or sugar) in the blood (hyperglycemia). Glucose is a type of sugar found in certain foods such as honey and some, but not all, fruits. It is also the form of sugar that all sugary and starchy foods are converted to in the body after digestion. Glucose is used by the body to make energy. Normally, blood glucose levels are tightly controlled by insulin, a chemical signaling substance (hormone) that is produced by a gland near your stomach called the pancreas. Insulin lowers the blood glucose level because it stimulates the body to make use of glucose. When the amount of glucose in the blood increases, for example, after eating food, insulin is released from the pancreas to normalize the glucose level. However, in patients with diabetes mellitus, the elevated glucose levels cannot be normalized. This causes abnormally high levels of blood glucose, which ultimately leads to the presence of glucose in the urine (glucosuria). (Health Information).

Part 2

What is the role of diet in the prevention of Heart disease?

From the research by Kromhout, et. al, it was revealed that there is a very big evidence regarding diet and lifestyle in terms of  coronary heart disease. Diet has been zeroed in as one of the determinants of coronary heart disease. For instance, metabolic explanations such as lipid metabolism explain issues on the protective effect of moderate alcohol consumption. (Kromhout, et. al).

Is diet used in the management of the disease?

Diet is important in the management of disease. Heart disease, cancer, diabetes and other diseases account for nearly nine out of ten deaths and are the most painful and expensive events in the country. It is for these conditions that diet of people have been monitored in order to prevent and cure these diseases. Up until recent years, little was known about achieving long life. Now, biological studies are providing an ever-increasing wealth of helpful information. Some people are untroubled  by ill health and are convinced of the invincibility of their present state of well-being. One ice-cream cone or steak could hardly be a threat. Then, too, any unfortunate results  of their lifestyle seem to lie in a far-distant future. Yet, the largest part of the answer lies in the fact that our lifestyles are an orchestration of many habits. Recent experiments in behavioral psychology have led to the discovery that our lifestyles are deeply imbedded habits, as deeply imbedded as  an addiction to drugs. The process that leads to drug addiction, which modern theory sees as mainly psychological rather than biological, bears strong resemblance to the process that leads to overeating, becoming sedentary and performing the thousand and one acts that constitute a lifestyle. Thus, doctors and health specialists point to the direct correlation between choosing one’s foods well in order to prevent diseases.

                                               REFERENCES

Experts: Geography. Retrieved Jan. 2, 2007 at:

http://experts.about.com/q/Geography-1729/Human-health-food-2.htm

Health Information. MedlinePlus: Diabetes retrieved Jan. 2, 2007 at:

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/diabetes.html

Kromhout, D. Menotti, A. Kesteloot, H and  Sans, S. Prevention of Coronary Heart
Disease by Diet and Lifestyle. Retrieved Jan. 2, 2007 at:
http://circ.ahajournals.org/cgi/content/full/105/7/893

Santrock, John, Adolescence, University of Texas at Dallas.

Stare, Frederick, and Robert Olson, Elizabeth Whelan. Balanced Nutrition, Bob Adams Inc. Holbrook MA, 1989.

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