Contents Introduction 3 Marx’s life and work 3 The materialist theory of history 4 Theory of human-nature: Economical, society and consciousness 5 Diagnosis: Alienation, Capitalism and exploitation 5 Prescription: Revolution and utopia 5 Conclusion 5 My opinion 6 Bibliography 7 ? Introduction Marx is said to be the greatest theorist of the industrial revolution and the earlier phases of capitalism. Although skeptical about religion, his ideas of human inequality are derived from Christianity. In doing so he shared what was known as the Enlightment hope that scientific method could diagnose and resolve the problems of human society. Marx’s life and work Marx was born in the year 1818 in the German Rhineland, under the discriminatory laws of the time, which caused or rather forced him to change his Jewish religion and convert to Christianity. He wanted to do this primarily in order for him to become a lawyer. During his studies, at the University of Berlin, as a student f the faculty of law, he learned various languages, wrote poetry, and worked on a academic dissertation on ancient Greek metaphysics, while parallel to that being deeply concerned with social reform. At that time the dominant intellectual influence in Germany came from Hegel’s philosophy and ideas. Marx became interested and immersed in them that he entirely abandoned his legal studies and rather focused on philosophy. Hegel’s work focused more on the conceptualizing of historical progress in terms of his concept of the Geist. The Geist being the mind and the spirit. He interpreted or rather reinterpreted theological language which relates closer to humanism or pantheism, than the biblical conception. His interpretation came down to what was said.
. .opinion The Marxism approach emphasizes on economic factors, which directs our attention to one of the obstacles in the way of human fulfillment. But one should not forget other factors such as sexuality and family relationships, which are also vital. They are vital because they contribute to society as our existential attitudes to the noneconomic limitations of life. We should not only look at the economy as a determent of society but also look at other factors such as psychology, existentialism, evolutionary theory, as well as religious conceptions, as sources for deeper insights in to the nature and problems of human individuals and societies. ? Bibliography Heyns, M. Man and Society. Potchefstroom: NWU, Potchefstroom Campus. (Study guide WVLS 314). Stevenson, L., Haberman, D.L. 2007. Ten Theories of Human Nature. New York: Oxford University Press.