Apush study guide

2005 AP U.S - Apush study guide introduction. History Study Kit -2-
TABLE OF CONTENTS
2006 FRQ Study Guide ………………………………………………. 3 2006 DBQ Study Guide ……………………………………………….. 4 Historical Periods To Memorize ………………………………………. 6 Key Dates to Memorize ………………………………………………… 8 Key Terms You Must Know ……………………………………………9 Colonial Period Study Guide ………………………………………….. 16 Major Themes in American Society ……………………………………. 19 Economics in American History Study Guide ………………………… 66 Supreme Court Decisions …………………………………………….. 70 Writings in American History ………………………………………… 72 Important Presidential Elections ……………………………………….. 73 U.S. History Time Line …………………………………………………. 74 Presidents Study Guide ……………………………………………….. 83

2005 AP U - indian removal act of 1830 apush.S. History Study Kit -3-
2006 FREE-RESPONSE STUDY GUIDE
TOPIC RATIONALE Colonial Society Occurs about every two years American Revolution: causes, impact and results 1999 DBQ; 2004 FRQ (society) Articles of Confederation 2003 FRQ; 2005 DBQ (indirect) Constitution: events leading to; provisions & compromises; Not since 1991 & 1984 ratification debate (2005 DBQ; Form B FRQ) Federalist Era: 1789-1801 2002 FRQ; 2005 DBQ (indirect) Jeffersonian Democracy 2002 FRQ War of 1812: causes, results, impact on society No question ever! Jacksonian Era: 1828-1848 Occurs every 2 to 3 years Nationalism, Sectionalism: East, West & South Parts of numerous questions Secession & Lincoln’s/Republicans’ policies during the Civil War Indirect question in 1997, 2003 “Market Revolution”: Industrial Rev/Transportation Rev/ Transportation question in 2003 inventions/changes in business Immigration from the beginning to 1860 2005 FRQ Westward Expansion Parts of numerous questions Reconstruction FRQ in 2003 & 2002
****************************************************************************** Gilded Age Question occurs nearly every year Populism No question since 1995 Progressivism: 1900-1920 2004 FRQ Monroe Doctrine in late 19 th

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and early 20
th
century No FRQ question since 1985 U.S. relations with Latin America: late 19th-20th century No FRQ on 20th century ever U.S. foreign policy from 1890 to 1914 TR & Taft not covered since 1980 (DBQ in 1994) World War I (including impact on society) Last FRQ in 2000 1920s politics (Harding, Coolidge, Hoover) No direct question since 1983 1920s society 2003 FRQ World War II: How did it affect society during the war? FDR question in 1985; How did it impact America after 1945? last WWII question in 1979. Cold War Occurs every two years 1950s Occurs every 2 to 3 years 1960s Occurs every other year Kennedy and Johnson No Kennedy question ever! 1970s No question since 1983 Nixon/Carter, “Silent Majority,” rights and social issues Least Likely Areas French and Indian War (2004 DBQ) Gilded Age National Politics: 1877-1890 (Mugwumps, Half-breeds, Stalwarts, etc.)

2005 AP U.S. History Study Kit -4-
POSSIBLE DBQ TOPICS FOR 2006
• Collision of Worlds: Europeans, Indians and Africans
• Colonial Society in the 17th and 18th century (alone or in comparison) • Factors Leading to Rebellion Against England (1763-1776) • The Constitution: Compromises, Ratification, Impact
• Washington’s Presidency (The Federalist Era)
• War of 1812: Causes, Results, Impact on American society • Re-emergence of the Two Party System (Democrats vs. Whigs) • States Rights & Controversies in the Age of Jackson
• Economic Revolution during the Antebellum Age
• Mexican War and the Expansion of Slavery
• The New South: Politics, the Economy, “Colonial Status” • Native Americans (some section of the Civil War-1970s)
• Wealth, Industry, Technology during the Gilded Age
• Urban Society (late 1800s-early 1900s)
• Intellectual and Cultural Movements (late 1800s-early 1900s) • WWI vs. WWII: Motives, Impact (political, social, economic) • Foreign Policy between the World Wars
• 1950s Culture, Economics, and Politics
• The 1960s: Vietnam, Assassinations, Civil Rights, Hippies

2005 AP U.S. History Study Kit -5-
List of Previous DBQ Topics Already Asked (1973-2005)
Years Covered Topic Year Asked
1607-1700 Early English Colonization 1993 1754-1765 French & Indian War: impact on Colonial/Brit relations 2004 1750-1776 Colonial Unity & Identity 1999 1750-1780 Democracy in Wethersfield, CT 1976 1781-1789 Articles of Confederation 1985 1775-1800 Impact of American Revolution on American Society 2005 1789 Alien & Sedition Acts 1977 1801-1817 Jefferson & Madison: Constructionists? 1998 1820-1839 Jacksonian Democrats 1990 1815-1825 Nationalism & Sectionalism in the Era of Good Feelings 2002 (B) 1790-1839 Jackson and Indian Removal 1980 1825-1850 Antebellum Reform Movements 2002 1776-1876 Northern Middle Class Women 1981 1820-1860 Failure of compromise to resolve political disputes 2005(B) 1850-1861 The Constitution & Crises of the 1850s 1987 1859-1863 John Brown 1982 1860 Lincoln & the Crittenden Compromise 1974 1865-1877 Social & Political Changes of Reconstruction 1996 1840-1899 The Settlement of the West 1992 1865-1900 Federal Government and Laissez-Faire 1979 1875-1900 Labor in the Gilded Age 2000 1800-1900 Agrarian Unrest & the Populists 1983 1877-1915 Booker T. Washington vs. W. E. B. Du Bois 1989 1830-1914 American Expansionism/Imperialism 1994 1899 Ratification of the Treaty of Paris in 1899 1975 1890-1925 Evolution of women in American society 1997 1900-1920 Progressivism 2003 (B) 1900-1919 Prohibition 1978 1917-1921 The Senate Defeat of the Versailles Treaty 1991 1920-1929 Change and Tension in the Roaring Twenties 1986 1920-1941 Change in U.S. Foreign Policy 2004 (B) 1924 Immigration Act of 1924 1973 1928-1945 Hoover & FDR: Liberal or Conservative? 1984 2003 FDR: Success of New Deal and Impact on Fed. Gov’t 2003 1939-1947 The Decision to Drop the Atomic Bomb 1988 1948-1961 Eisenhower’s Success in the Cold War 2001 1960-1969 The Civil Rights Movement 1995

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HISTORICAL PERIODS TO MEMORIZE
Pre-colonial period (before 1492): Indians, Renaissance, Protestant Reformation Colonial Period: 1607-1776 16th Century: geography, politics, economics, society (including religion) 17th Century: geography, politics, economics, society (including religion) “Salutary Neglect”: 1713-1763 French and Indian War: 1756-1763 Revolutionary War era: 1763-1783; Revolutionary War (1775-1783) “Critical Period” — Articles of Confederation (1783-1789) Federalist Era (1789-1801) Presidents Washington and Adams Jeffersonian Democracy (1800-1824) Presidents Jefferson, Madison, and Monroe War of 1812: (1812-1815) Madison “Era of Good Feelings”: 1816-1824; Monroe Jacksonian Democracy: 1828-1848 Presidents Jackson, Van Buren, (Tyler?) & Polk Manifest Destiny (1840s): Presidents Tyler & Polk (Jackson & Indian removal in 1830s) Mexican War: 1846-1848 American Society: 1790-1860

Industrial Revolution: TRIC — textiles, railroads, iron, coal Transportation Revolution: turnpikes, steamboats, canals, railroads 2nd Great Awakening (1820-1860): abolitionism, temperance, women’s rights, etc. Road to Civil War (1848-1860): Wilmot Proviso through election of 1860 Civil War (1861-1865) Reconstruction (1865-1877) Gilded Age (1865-1900) Politics: scandal, money issue (1870s & ’90s), tariff (1880s), Panics of 1873 & 1893 Second Industrial Revolution: ROSE — railroads, oil, steel, electricity; Unionization Urbanization: “New Immigrants” (1880-1924), Social Gospel, political machines, nativists The Great West: Three frontiers — 1) farming 2) mining 3) cattle Populism, election of 1896 Imperialism (1889-1914): Hawaii, Spanish-American War, Open Door, “Big Stick”, “dollar diplomacy,” “moral diplomacy”

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Progressive Era (1901-1920): Presidents T. Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson World War I: 1914-1918; President Wilson; Treaty of Versailles (1919) 1920s: Presidents Harding, Coolidge & Hoover Conservative domestic policy; isolationist foreign policy (including 1930s) “Americanism” “Roaring 20s” and “Jazz Age” (+ “Lost Generation”) The Great Depression 1929-1939; Hoover and FDR New Deal: 1933-1938 World War II: 1939-1945 (U.S. 1941-1945) Cold War: 1946-1991 Truman’s Presidency (1945-1953) Cold War domestic policy; “Fair Deal” “Red Scare” (second one): 1947-1954? “Affluent Society”: 1950-1970 (sometimes 1947-1973) 1950s: President Eisenhower (1953-1961) Foreign and domestic policy; Civil Rights era (1954-1965); consumerism; conformity 1960s: JFK & LBJ Cold War (including Vietnam) “New Frontier” “Great Society” (including Civil Rights) Women’s rights Vietnam War: 1964-1973 1970s: President Nixon (1969-1974), Ford and Carter Cold War (end of Vietnam) and dètente Domestic issues (including Watergate); “New Federalism”; oil crisis; “stagflation” “Imperial Presidency”: WWII-1974 1980s: Reagan and Bush

Conservative revolution: “Reaganomics” Cold War and other foreign policy issues

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KEY DATES TO MEMORIZE
1492 — Columbus 1517 — Protestant Reformation 1588 — Spanish Armada 1607 — Jamestown 1619 — 1st blacks arrive in Virginia from Africa 1620 — Pilgrims @ Plymouth 1629 — Puritans @ Massachusetts Bay 1643 — New England Confederation 1660 — Restoration of Charles II 1675 — King Philip’s War 1676 — Bacon’s Rebellion 1688 — “Glorious Revolution” 1692 — Salem Witch Trials 1733 — Georgia, last of 13 colonies, founded 1736 — Zenger Case 1756 — Washington’s Ohio mission; Albany Plan 1763 — Proclamation of 1763 1765 — Stamp Act 1775 — Lexington and Concord 1776 — Declaration of Independence 1783 — Treaty of Paris 1787 –Constitutional Convention; NW Ordinance 1790 — First turnpike (Lancaster) 1791 — Slater builds first textile factory; 1st BUS 1793 — Eli Whitney’s cotton gin; “Reign of Terror” 1803 — Louisiana Purchase; Marbury v. Madison 1807 — Robert Fulton’s steamboat 1811 — National Road begins (completed in 1852) 1812 — War of 1812 1819 — Florida Purchase Treaty; Panic of 1819 1820 — Missouri Compromise 1825 — Erie Canal completed 1828 — first railroad line in U.S. (B & O Railroad) c.1830–2nd Great Awakening peaks; mower reaper 1830 — Indian Removal Act 1831 — William Lloyd Garrison’s Liberator 1832 — Nullification Crisis; BUS issue 1837 — Panic of 1837; Deere invents steel plow 1844 — telegraph invented by Samuel Morse 1845 — Texas annexed 1846

— Oregon; Mexican War; sewing machine 1848 — Seneca Falls Convention; Wilmot Proviso 1849 — California gold rush 1850 — Compromise of 1850 1854 — Kansas-Nebraska Act 1861 — Fort Sumter; Bull Run 1865 — Lincoln assassinated; 13th Amendment 1869 — Transcontinental Railroad 1870 — Standard Oil organized 1873 — Panic of 1873 1876 — telephone invented 1877–“Compromise of 1877”;Great RR Strike 1879 — Edison invents light bulb 1885 — Louis Sullivan builds first skyscraper 1886 — Haymarket Square bombing; AFL 1887 — Dawes Act; Interstate Commerce Act 1889 –Hull House founded; Samoan Crisis 1890—Sherman Act; Wounded Knee; no frontier 1892 — Populists; Homestead Steel Strike 1893 — Panic of 1893 1896 — McKinley defeats Bryan; Plessy case 1898 — Spanish-American War 1901 — U.S. Steel Corp formed; TR president 1903 — Wright Bros. Kitty Hawk; first movie 1912 — Panama Canal completed 1913 — Ford’s Model T; assembly line 1915 — Birth of a Nation, KKK 1917 — U.S. enters WWI 1919 — Versailles; Red Scare; 18th Amend 1920 – 19th Amendment; radio, KDKA 1927 — First “talkie”: Jazz Singer 1928 — Lindbergh’s flight across Atlantic 1929 — stock market crash 1933 — New Deal; rise of Hitler 1939 — Germany invades Poland 1941 — Pearl Harbor 1945 — A-bomb against Japan 1947 — TV 1949 — China falls; Soviet A-bomb 1950 — Korean War begins; McCarthyism 1952 — U.S. explodes H-bomb 1954 — Brown v. Board of Education 1955 — Rosa Parks 1957 — Sputnik 1962 — Cuban Missile Crisis; Rachel Carson: Silent Spring 1963 — Betty Friedan: The Feminine Mystique 1964 — Gulf of Tonkin; “Great Society” 1968 — Tet, assassinations, Nixon wins 1969 — moonshot 1973 — Oil Crisis; Roe v. Wade 1974 — Watergate 1980 — “Reagan Revolution”

Key Terms You Must Know
Colonial Period — 1789 Native American civilizations in North America: Iroquois, Pueblo, Southeast (Creek, Cherokee), Great Plains (Sioux) Most important Amerindian crops: corn (maize), beans, squash Royal colonies, proprietary colonies, charter colonies Chesapeake: Virginia and Maryland Jamestown, Virginia Company John Smith, Powhatans John Rolfe, tobacco House of Burgesses Headright System indentured servitude Bacon’s Rebellion Anglican Church Maryland (Catholic haven); Lord Baltimore Maryland Act of Toleration, 1739 Plymouth, Pilgrims (separatists) John Robinson Mayflower Compact Puritans (nonseparatists) Massachusetts Bay Colony John Winthrop,
Model of Christian Charity Calvinism, predestination, the “elect” Congregational Church Perfectionism Townhall meetings Massachusetts School of Law Harvard College Halfway Covenant Cotton Mather Anne Hutchinson Salem Witch Trials Rhode Island, Roger Williams (“liberty of conscience”) Connecticut, Thomas Hooker Fundamental Orders, 1649 New England Confederation Restoration colonies Pennsylvania, William Penn Quakers, pacifism New Amsterdam, Dutch East Indian Co. (DEIC) New York Leisler’s Rebellion Black slavery Middle Passage Carolina, Black Codes, rice Stono Rebellion, 1739 James Oglethorp, Georgia, haven for debtors, buffer state against Spain English, Germans & Scots-Irish New France French and Indian War: dispute over Ohio Valley (Washington’s mission) Albany Plan for Union, Benjamin Franklin Treaty of Paris, 1763 Navigation Laws; Mercantilism Triangular trade First Great Awakening: Jonathan Edwards, George Whitefield Salutary Neglect

Revolutionary War Era to the Constitution Enlightenment, deism King George III, George Grenville Pontiac’s Rebellion Proclamation of 1763 Sugar Act, 1764 Quartering Act, 1765 Stamp Act, 1765 Stamp Act Congress virtual representation; actual representation Townshend Acts, 1767 Boston Massacre, 1770 Tea Act, 1773 Boston Tea Party Intolerable Acts (Coercive Acts), 1774 First Continental Congress, The Association Lexington and Concord, 1775 Second Continental Congress, 1775: Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking up Arms Bunker Hill, 1775 Common Sense Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence, natural rights Patriots vs. Loyalists Battle of Trenton, 1776 Battle of Saratoga, 1777 Franco-American Alliance George Washington, Continental Army Abigail Adams Battle of Yorktown, 1781 Treaty of Paris, 1783 Articles of Confederation, weaknesses & strengths Land Ordinance of 1785 Northwest Ordinance, 1787 Shays’ Rebellion Constitutional Convention, 1787 Great Compromise 3/5 Compromise commerce compromise abolition of slave trade, 1808 separation of powers; “checks and balances” Federalist Papers Antifederalists Republican motherhood end to primogeniture & entail

2005 AP U.S. History Study Kit -10-
The Federalist Era President George Washington Bill of Rights Hamilton’s financial plan loose construction; strict construction Political parties:

Federalists (Hamiltonians); Democratic-Republicans (Jeffersonians) Neutrality Proclamation of 1793 Jay Treaty, 1795 Pinckney Treaty, 1795 Washington’s Farewell Address President John Adams XYZ Affair Quasi-War with France, 1798-1800 Alien and Sedition Acts Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions, compact theory Jeffersonian Democracy “Revolution of 1800” 12th Amendment President Thomas Jefferson Monticello (architecture) Repealed excise taxes (keeps most of Hamilton’s financial plan intact) John Marshall: judicial review Marbury v. Madison, 1803 McCullough v. Maryland, 1819 Gibbons v. Ogden, 1824 Daniel Webster Haitian rebellion, Toissant L’Ouverture, 1803 Louisiana Purchase Lewis and Clark expedition, 1804-05 Reduction of the military Orders in council, Britain Milan & Berlin decrees, France Embargo Act, 1807 impressment, Chesapeake-Leopard Affair Battle of Tippecanoe, 1811 Causes of War of 1812 War Hawks Battle of New Orleans, Andrew Jackson Hartford Convention, 1814 Treaty of Ghent, 1814 Era of Good Feelings What did Era of Good Feelings represent? President James Monroe Henry Clay’s American System: BUS, tariffs, internal improvements Florida Purchase Treaty (Adams-Onis Treaty) Panic of 1819 Missouri Compromise of 1820 Secretary of State John Quincy Adams Monroe Doctrine “Corrupt Bargain, 1824” Jacksonian Democracy Tariff of Abominations, 1828 “Revolution of 1828” President Andrew Jackson Nullification crisis of 1832 BUS veto, 1832 “pet bank” scheme, Independent Treasury System “Kitchen Cabinet” cabinet crisis: Jackson vs. Calhoun Jefferson Day toast, 1830 spoils system, rotation in office Indian Removal Act, 1830 Cherokee Nation v. Georgia, 1831 Worcester v. Georgia, 1832 Trail of Tears Anti-Masonic Party, 1832 Whig Party, 1834 Charles River Bridge vs. Warren Bridge Co., 1837 Panic of 1837 American Society: 1790-1860 Hudson River School Knickerbocker Group: American themes in literature Washington Irving James Fenimore Cooper Walt Whitman Alexis de Toqueville, Democracy in America Ralph Waldo Emerson – Self-Reliance Henry David Thoreau, On Civil Disobedience Market Revolution Samuel Slater Eli Whitney: cotton gin, interchangeable parts Transportation Revolution steamboat Erie Canal Industrial Revolution, textiles Lowell system, Lowell girls Second Great Awakening Mormons – “Burnt-over District” Reform movements: abolitionism, temperance, women’s rights, public education Dorothea Dix, reform asylums Cult of Domesticity Stanton and Mott – Seneca Falls Susan B. Anthony German and Irish immigration (part of the “Old Immigration”)

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