Article Analysis Child Care, Work, and Depressive Symptoms Among Low-Income Mothers - Child Essay Example
Child Care, Work, and Depressive Symptoms
Among Low-Income Mothers
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1. Identify whether the approach is predominantly quantitative or qualitative. The study is predominantly quantitative since it uses quantitative data.
2. Identify the main research question(s) and/or hypothesis (es).
a. If quantitative, include the main independent and dependent variables, as well as how they have been operationalized.
The independent variables are
· Household or individual Background and Risk Variables
· Neighborhood and race
· Child care
The dependent variable is the effect of independent variables which is
· Depressive Symptom
b. Not Applicable
3. Describe the research design that the investigators(s) used by answering the following:
a. What specific study design did they use (experiment, survey, field study, etc.)? Please describe the data gathering procedures.
The study was conducted using a survey. The PSCCW is a 1-hour, door-to-door, face-to-face survey.
b. Describe how the researchers drew their sample. Was it a probability or non-probability sample? What specific type of probability or non-probability sample was it?
They respondents were selected randomly from Philadelphia mothers with at least one child below 13. It is a probability sampling since it was chosen randomly from a cluster.
4. If quantitative:
a. Do you think the measurement tools have good reliability and validity? Justify your answer. Be sure to define reliability and validity.
Yes, I think the measurement tool is reliable considering it was a door-to-door survey and assessment of data follows the scientific principles of measurements and sampling. Respondents were screened out properly to make the data more valid.
b. Does the study design have good external validity? Why or why not?
Be sure to define external validity.
Yes, I think the measurement has good external validity because the samples and other independent were randomly from the entire population, thus it can be used to represent the entire population as a whole.
c. Does the study design have good internal validity? Why or why not? Be sure to define internal validity.
Yes, I think the measurement has good internal validity because the values where carefully assessed from a graduated range. Thus the overall survey is very sound carefully assessing the cause (independent variables) and effect (dependent variables).
5. Not Applicable
6. Ethical concerns/issues:
a. What ethical principles do you think the investigators should have addressed when designing the study?
The ethical principle of confidentiality and anonymity should be addressed.
b. Did the authors deal with these ethical principles? Please elaborate.
Yes, I think the author take ethical principles into consideration. In fact none of the respondents name were provided in the document.
7. What problems do you see with the design of this study, if any? Do the authors acknowledge those problems?
I cannot see any problems with this study.
8. Based on your understanding of research methods, do you think a social worker should rely on this study to inform practice and/or policy? Please elaborate.
Yes I think a social worker can rely on the results of this study because the data gathering and overall methodology is reliable.