Air Pollution Chart
Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
Motor vehicles, industries, heavily fertilized farmland
Irritates eyes; irritates respiratory tract; aggravates respiratory conditions such as asthma and chronic bronchitis; reduces plant vigor; forest decline; causes smog; reduces air visibility
Freon, propellants for aerosol cans, coolants in air conditioners and refrigerators, solvents and foam-blowing agents for insulation and packaging (e.g., Styrofoam)
Deletes the ozone layer allowing high levels of UV radiation to reach the earth’s surface which disrupts the ecosystem and has links in the decline of amphibian population; high levels of radiation can be lethal; causes health problems such as eye cataracts, skin cancer and weakened immunity
Sulfuric Acid (H2SO4)
Combustion of fossil fuels, motor vehicles, industries, households, factories, power plants, land conversion
Associated with global which would lead to physical effects such as warming sea level rise, higher local temperatures, and changes in rainfall patterns - Atmospheric Issues introduction. air pollution; harmful to respiratory tracts
More Essay Examples on Air pollution Rubric
Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and tropospheric ozone (O3) are greatly increasing mainly due to human activities. These gases warm the atmosphere by absorbing some of the outgoing (heat) radiations. Some of the heat in the warmed atmosphere is transferred back to the Earth’s surface, warming the land and ocean resulting to global warming. The potential effects include rise in sea level, change in precipitation patterns, extinction of many species due to the decline of food source such as krill, death of coral reefs, problems for agriculture due to inundation of fertile river deltas and proliferation of pests as well as rise in disease-carrying organisms such as mosquitoes which are carriers of malaria and dengue, increase in frequency and duration of droughts and increasing occurrence of heat waves.
The reduction of CO2 emissions can help mitigate global warming. This would involve the development of alternatives to fossil fuels, control of human population, increase energy efficiency of automobiles and appliances, planting and maintaining forests. There is also carbon management wherein ways are explored to separate and capture the CO2 produced during the combustion of fossil fuels and sequester it from the atmosphere.