Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: ADHD in Adults Essay
(www - Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: ADHD in Adults Essay introduction. WebMD. com) ADHD is not an adult-onset disorder, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most well-recognized childhood developmental problems. This condition is characterized by inattention, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. It is now known about 60% of children with ADHD continue to have it as adults. That translates into 4% of the US adult population, or 8 million adults. However, few adults are identified or treated for adult ADHD. Adults with ADHD may have difficulty following directions, remembering information, concentrating, organizing tasks or completing work within time limits.
If these difficulties are not managed appropriately, they can cause associated behavioral, emotional, social, vocational and academic problems. Common Behaviors and Problems that may stem directly from ADHD or may be the result of related adjustment difficulties: chronic lateness, forgetfulness, anxiety, low self-esteem, employment problems, difficulty controlling anger, impulsiveness, substance abuse or addiction, poor organization skills, procrastination, low frustration tolerance, chronic boredom, difficulty concentrating when reading, mood swings, depression and relationship problems.
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These behaviors may be mild to severe and can vary with the situation or be present all of the time. Some adults with ADHD may be able to concentrate if they are interested in or excited about what they are doing. Others may have difficulty focusing under any circumstances. Some adults look for stimulation, but others avoid it. In addition, adults with ADHD can be withdrawn and antisocial, or they can be overly social and unable to be alone. Adults with ADHD may have several impairments such as: school-related, work-related, social-related and relationship-related impairment.
Most of the functional impairments diminishes with remission of the disorder and can be controlled by proper treatment. Adult ADHD may be diagnosed by an assessment of ADHD symptoms and behavior from childhood. A questionnaire to determine if the adult had ADHD in childhood. School report cards, if available, to look for comments about behavior problems, poor focus, lack of effort or underachievement relative to the student’s potential. Discussion with the parents to determine any symptoms during childhood. A complete history from the adult with the symptoms.
He or she may self report symptoms in childhood. The developmental history would be consistent with ADHD, including evidence of problems with peers, other delays such as bed wetting, school failure, suspensions, or special interventions such as sitting in front of the class, etc. A strong family history of ADHD may also be informative, given the strong genetic component of the disorder. Other examinations may also be performed, including: a physical exam to rule out medical or neurological illness; an EEG, CT, or MRI.
Psycho-educational testing if a learning disability is suspected. Medications to Treat Adult ADHD are the same drug treatments proven to be efficacious in children. In the past, the first treatment offered to adults with ADHD has been stimulant drugs. Studies show that approximately two thirds of adults with ADHD who are given these medications show significant improvement in ADHD symptoms.
www. WebMD. com February 5, 2011 Adult ADHD www. PsychCentral. com Feb 5, 2011 Adult ADHD