Attitudes of Regular Teachers towards Learners Who Stutter
Attitudes of Regular Teachers Towards Learners stutter
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A special study paper presented by ———
To be Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the Award of ———– in Special Needs Education at —————————-
I —————————- hereby declares that, this study paper is my own original work. It is not a duplication of similar published work of any scholar for academic purpose nor has it been submitted to any other institution of higher learning for the award of certificate, diploma or degree in special needs education. I also declare that all materials cited in this paper are not my own, have been duly acknowledged.
Signature _____________________ Date __________
Attitudes of regular teachers towards learners who stutter
In education, the goal for every student is to become active participant and an asset to the society. Most countries the education of learners who stutter is mostly provided in special schools. These create a negative attitude for these children from the members of the society hence becoming a barrier to socialize with others. Many schools and from experience think that these children should be included into regular schools to assist them achieve the maximum potentialities in a more favorable, educational and social environment (Lynas, 1986).
Education in a regular setting would also give the learner a chance to stay with his/her family members. In most schools there has been minimal change in the education of children who stutter as most of them are still being sent to special classes.
The success and effectiveness on inclusion of learners with disabilities in regular schools depend on several factors. Some of the factors include attitudes of regular teachers, lack of teaching aids, rigid methods and the curriculum which does not favor the disability.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
For a long time regular primary school teachers’ attitude towards learners with who stutter was not been made clear perhaps due to lack of education policy in the country.
Statement of the hypothesis
Therefore the main purpose of the study is to investigate the attitudes of regular school teachers towards learners who stutter in regular schools.
The purpose of the study is to investigate the attitudes of regular school teachers towards learners who stutter. In this chapter the researcher is discussing the:
– The Research Approach.
– The Research Design.
– The Target Population.
– Sample Size.
– Sampling Procedure.
– Instruments for data and continuous prose collection.
– Data analysis.
Research Approach:- The researcher will use quantitative approach. This approach leads into events and describes them. Since the main topic is on attitudes of regular teachers towards learners who stutter, this approach will guide the researcher to collect information on what people say or feel about these learners into regular schools. The researcher will go physically to the teacher using the Questionnaire to collect information.
Research design:- The researcher will use Survey Method of educational research as a technique of gathering information on the research topic. The researcher will use the research design method because it is the best in collecting information from people on the ground.
Target population:- The target population of the study will be the regular teachers. These will target 34 regular schools having 700 teachers.
Sampling procedure:-The researcher will use simple random procedure to select the teachers from each school.
Instruments:-The researcher will use a questionnaire for all schools. This is because it is the quickest cheapest and safe means of getting the information.
Data analysis:- After the researcher will collect the data, she will tabulate the data into tables and analyze it using frequencies descriptive and percentages. After collecting relevant information while conducting the qualitative survey, comparisons have to be made between the two groups under consideration regarding each of the aspects under consideration. To form an average idea regarding each of these aspects for each of the groups under consideration, answers of all the participants of each group will be analyzed. As far as statistical analysis is concerned two tailed t test will be used to check the statistical significance of the coefficient of the dummy variable in the regression. If‘t’ statistic is found to be statistically significant then it can be said that there is significant then null hypothesis will be rejected.
Ethical consideration:- Ethical values were put in place while carrying out the research work, this is because there are certain issues which ought to be observed since they can bring in a lot of problems to the study work and at the same time influence the results of the study. (Colorada State University, 2008). The people who were interviewed were well informed concerning the purpose of the interview and it was clear to them the way in which the information they are going to provide will be used. (City University of London, 2008).
The principle of privacy, confidentiality and anonymity was highly considered, this is because the study was not to intrude too much to the people’s lives. The information which was collected did not touch on the personal lives of the individuals in the society hence enhancing privacy. For enhancement of privacy, confidentiality and anonymity there were no chances of giving the personal details of a person. This is because it is easier to be tempted to provide names of the people from whom you collected data and d this can endanger some one life. (EEPSEA, 2008)
City University of London, (2008), Ethical considerations in Research; http://www.city.ac.uk/radiography/student/pgethics.html 27 July, 2009
Colorado State University, (2008), Ethical considerations in Ethnography, Observational Research, and Narrative Inquiry, http://writing.colostate.edu/guides/research/observe/com2d4.cfm 27 July, 2009
EEPSEA, (2008), Ethical considerations for research, of http://www.idrc.ca/eepsea/ev-65406-201-1-DO_TOPIC.html 27 July, 2009
Ingsaal Brand Whyte S.R. (1995) Disability and Culture. London: University of California Press.
Lynas W. (1986) Integrating the Handicapped into Ordinary Schools, London Merill Publishing Company.
Mugenda o & mugenda A (1999)- research methods-Quantitive and Qualitative approaches African centre and technology Studies (ACTS), Nairobi.
Kathari, C .R. (2003)-Research Methodology Methods and Techniques- WISHwa Prakashan, New DeJhi.