Auditory Stimulation as Treatment for ADHD Essay
Auditory Stimulation as Treatment for ADHD
The problems of hyperactivity, impulsivity, and overactivity of a person often characterize the psychological condition known as Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV, the clinical identification of the ADHD focuses on either or both of the two syndromes associated with the disorder: inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity (House, 2002).
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ADHD is one of the common mental disorders of children in the United States (Coile, 2004). According to Coile (2004), ADHD affects 4 to 5% of the children in the United States. Many issues surround this particular psychological disorder, but most of them focus and bear relevance in educational settings (House, 2002). This is because the effect of the ADHD is mostly related to school performance and educational outcomes. Due to the child’s inattention and overactivity, it is difficult for him or her to concentrate on learning or educational activities (House, 2002).
The treatment of ADHD has evolved into two modes: biological and psychosocial interventions. The biological treatment aims to lessen the hyperactivity and impulsivity of the children and improve the attention skills. The psychosocial treatment, on the other hand, focuses on the social and mental stimulation such as improving child’s the academic performance and social skills (Barlow & Durand, 2004).
Over the years, many types of therapies emerged in order to treat ADHD. These include “dietary restrictions, megavitamins, oculovestibular treatment, homeopathy and auditory stimulation” (Yemen, 2002, p.60).
Auditory stimulation is a method that aims to improve the auditory skills that enable a person to listen, learn and communicate effectively. In the medical field, research has proven that visual and auditory stimulation, when applied with correct frequencies, will increase the brainwaves and help a person to relax and concentrate. These methods are used in various disorders (Swingle, 2008). Since relaxation and concentration are the problems posed by ADHD, auditory stimulation will help improve the patient’s condition and decrease the symptoms they experience.
Barlow, D.H. & Durand, V.M. (2004). Abnormal Psychology : an Integrative Approach. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Coile, C. (2004). The Effect of ADHD on educational outcomes. National Bureau of Economic Research, Summer 2004 (8). Retrieved September 25, 2008 from http://www.nber.org/aginghealth/summer04/summer04.pdf
House, A.E. (2002). DSM-IV Diagnosis in the Schools. New York: Guilford Press.
Swingle, P.G. (2008). Biofeedback for the Brain : How Neurotherapy Effectively Treats Depression, ADHD, Autism, and More. New Brunswick, N.J. Rutgers University Press.
Yemen, T.A. (2002). Pediatric Anesthesia Handbook. London: McGraw-Hill.