A: Background of the study
“What should young people do with their lives today? Many things, obviously. But the most daring thing is to create stable communities in which the terrible disease of loneliness can be cured.” ― Kurt Vonnegut
Even if people do not always see it, each and every one belongs somewhere – a community. They might not feel like part of it, they might not be active in their communities, but they are still a part of it.
The fast paced lives that people live today make knowing about their communities seem very insignificant. If asked, would an average teenager be able to readily give information about his/her community? Most likely, he would not be ready. Filipinos are known to be very close-knit and family oriented, but now, it seems like Filipino teenagers do not think about their non-biological family – their community. The Tagalog term for “community” would be “Barangay”. If defined, it means the smallest administrative division in the Philippines and in colloquial usage, the term “barangay” refers to an inner city neighbourhood.
In this day and age, many teenagers do not care about their barangays and the communities they belong to. Some might not even know which barangay they belong to. They would not be able to identify their barangay officials, problems, activities, organizations, projects and events. For this study, the subject is Barangay Ma-a, Davao City.
B: Statement of the Problem
“Lack of employment and sufficient income has led to several problems in the barangay, such as lack of funding and cut backs in resources.”
Like most of the Philippines, the residents of Barangay Ma-a are faced with economic instability. It is difficult for some of the residents to find work, thus they cannot sufficiently provide for their family. According to Mister Edgar Balasa, Barangay Ma-a’s secretary, the job opportunities found near the barangay are lacking. From the start, Barangay Ma-a wasn’t a very
business-oriented barangay. It is a predominantly residential barangay. That is good news for those looking to start families but not for those who wish to sustain their family and remain close to home. Even years after the barangay was established (it was first started in 1937, seventy-five (75) years ago) it still thrives as a predominantly residential barangay. This poses several dilemmas.
1. How has the barangay suffered from the low-income?
2. What is the barangay council doing in order to help their residents? 3. Are the teenagers involved in the development/improvement of the barangay?
C: Objective of the Study
The study will give me, student, and opportunity to learn more about Barangay Ma-a and its components. It will require me to get to know the different programs and resources available in Barangay Ma-a. Also, this study aims to enlighten me on what are some of the problems that my barangay faces.
The result of this study will provide:
The student, with information regarding Barangay Ma-a, specifically on Barangay Ma-a’s history
The instructor, with an organized, short and concise term paper regarding the given topic.
D: Definition of Terms
Barangay – is the smallest administrative division in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward. In colloquial usage, the term often refers to an inner city neighbourhood, a suburb or a suburban neighbourhood. Community – a social group of any size whose members reside in a specific locality, share government, and often have a common
cultural and historical heritage. NGO – A non-governmental organization (NGO) is a citizen-based association that operates independently of government, usually to deliver resources or serve some social or political purpose. The World Bank classifies NGOs as either operational NGOs, which are primarily concerned with development projects, or advocacy NGOs, which are primarily concerned with promoting a cause. Purok – small part or division within the territory of a particular barangay/sector Neighbourhood – a district or locality, often with reference to its character or inhabitants. Punong Barangay – A Punong Barangay, also known as a Barangay Captain is a government official elected by registered voters in the Philippines. They and their respective councils, constituted of seven barangay kagawads (barangay councilors) are designated to head barangays (counties), the smallest political units in the country.A punong barangay is responsible for implementing all ordinances, resolutions and laws in the barangay. They are in charge of governance, financial stability, development provisioning, leading the barangay legislation or workforce and ensuring peace and order within the community. A barangay captain also acts as liaison between his community’s people and higher government officials such as city or municipality mayors and province governors. They control all meetings and assemblies with the barangay officials, help with the mayor’s government obligations and facilitate all basic services in accordance with the law.
Kagawad – A Barangay Kagawad is a Philippine government official of barangays (counties), the most basic political unit in the country. A barangay kagawad is elected together with the Punong Barangay (Barangay Captain). Also known as Barangay Councilors, their responsibilities include partaking in various barangay activities and governing law and order throughout the vicinity. Each barangay consists of seven kagawads. They are stratified according to the number of votes they received in the elections Sanguniang Kabataan – is a governing body in every chapter of the Katipunan ng Kabataan (Youth Federation). Each barangay in the Philippines is mandated by law to have its own chapter of the Katipunan ng Kabataan, aging from 15 to 18 years old who resides in their respective barangays for at least 6months and registered in the Sangguniang Kabataan, or in the official list in the custody of the barangay secretary. It is the local youth program and projects implementation partner of the government. Council – a body of persons specially designated or selected to act in an advisory, administrative, or legislative capacity: II. Historical Background
Barangay Ma-a in Davao City, Philippines was created seventy-five (75) years ago in 1937. The total land area of this barangay is Nine Hundred Sixty Eight (968) hectares and has a total of fifty-one (51) puroks. Each purok is led by a purok leader. There are three indigenous tribes that reside in Barangay Ma-a. Namely, they are the: Mandaya, Bagobo, and Moro Lumad tribes. In terms of religious beliefs, the population of Barangay Ma-a are predominantly Christians. However, the other religious groups, such as the Islam, live peacefully with each other. Barangay Ma-a used to be the primary agricultural producing barangay in the first district of Davao City. Until now, some of the residents whose communities are not yet densely populated still do backyard and poultry production. Barangay Ma-a has three (3) national highways in its territory: the Carlos P. Garcia Highway (also popularly known as Diversion Road), the Don Julian Rodriguez Avenue (or the Ma-a Road), and the Mc Arthur Highway that goes to the south area of the city. The Davao River runs on the boundary of Barangay Ma-a and of the Poblacion Barangays, making a natural border for the two barangays. Along the banks of Davao River are ten (10) puroks that belong to Barangay Ma-a that are potential flood victims.
As of 2012, there are 51 puroks, twenty-eight thousand eight hundred eighty-nine (28,889) dependents, eight thousand seven hundred eleven (8,711) households, and a total of forty one thousand five hundred and two (41,502) residents. Summary of the Population
Total Number of Households
Total Number of Dependents
Total Number of Other Members
Total Number of the Population
Purok 1, Gravahan
Purok 2, Gravahan
Purok 3, Gravahan
Purok 4, Gravahan
Purok 5, Gravahan
Purok 9, Juario
Purok 10, Navilla Village
Purok 11, Green Meadows
Purok 12, DBP Village
Purok 13, Terminal, Omayan
Purok 13A, Cemetery/ Term. Palma Gil
Purok 13B, Terminal DAPSA
Purok 14, Sta Cruz
Purok 15, Spring Village
Purok 15A, Trinidad Greenhills
Purok 16, St. Michael Vill. Phase 1
Purok 17, Datu Loho Village
Purok 17A, New Agrao Village
Purok 18, GEM Village
Purok 19, Don Julian Village
Purok 20, Sanggilangan
Purok 21, Garzon Compound
Purok 22, Metroville Subdivision
Purok 23, Pantinople Compound
Purok 24, GASAI
Purok 25-A, BUTEL, TECSON
Purok 25-B, BUTEL
Purok 25-C, BUTEL, IYO
Purok 25-D, BUTEL, SALUDES
Purok 25-E, BUTEL, BANTACULO
Purok 26, CAIMITO
Purok 26, Camarin, BALO
Purok 26B, Sitio Mayrin, LLEGO
Purok 27, Riverside – Padaman
Purok 27 Riverside – Pandadagan
Purok 28, Poblacion – SILA East Mejares
Purok 28, Poblacion – Sila West, Longakit
Purok 28, Poblacion – Centro
Purok 29A, Anahaw Village
Purok 29, Dinaville Village
Purok 30, Marketsite/Evergreen
Purok 31A, Del Pilar Village
Purok 31B, New Washington
Purok 32, NHA-East
Purok 33, NHA-Lower/Upper Plaza
Purok 34, South Villa
Purok 35, Maharlika Village
Purok 36, NHA-Plaza 9
Purok 37, NHA, Lower East
Purok 38, NHA-UNHA
Purok 39, Lomicad Compound
Purok 40, NHA-Plaza 5, Quijano
Purok 41, Yniguez Subdivision
Purok 42, Midland Village
Purok 43, Luzviminda Village
Purok 44, Sto. Nino Village
Purok 45, St. Michael Village P2
Purok 46, Kapundok
Purok 47, Roldan Village/ M.A. Apt
Purok 48, Woodridge
Purok 49, JPMI
Purok 50, DIHO
Purok 51, Green Valley
The Present Barangay Council
Punong Barangay: Hon. Loreto R. Laud, Jr.
Barangay Kagawad: Hon. Olivia B. Cal
Hon. Leo D. Canete
Hon. Danilo M. Corias
Hon. Rolando N. De leon
Hon. Aurora T. Baldonado
Hon. Felomina Z. Zozobrado
Hon. Lope A. Calotes
Barangay Secretary: Edgar Jose C. Balasa
Barangay Treasurer: Rose O. Aquilar
SK Chairperson: Jim Paulo A. Alvarez
SK Kagawad:Belmorjeck M. Albios
Richard Bryan B. Nepa
Zivie Ann G. Amora
Toni Rose Medel
Christopher P. Lagara
Ney C. Baldonado
Llyod S. Tagui
Facilities of the Barangay (excluding the barangay hall):
Sports and Recreational Facilities
Covered Court (private)4
Covered Court (public)7
Parks and Playgrounds2
Major CropsFruits and Vegetables
Livestock/PoultryChicken and Pigs
Commerce/ Trade and Industry
Local Fiscal Administrator
20% Development Fund3,606,454.20
III. Present/Current Issues
Problems of the Barangay
1) High Unemployment Rate
Barangay Ma-a’s residents have a difficult time in finding well-paying and safe jobs. In order to help the residents, the barangay council of Barangay Ma-a talk to companies and businesses who wish to set-up in Barangay Ma-a. They request that if possible, the companies hire at least 50% of their workforce to come from the residents of Barangay Ma-a. Not only does this help with the infrastructural value of the barangay, but this also greatly helps the residents who are in need.
2) Gangsterism/Gang Wars
The incidents of Gang Wars or “Gasterisms” as officials of the barangay call it, has seen an increase in recent years. It seems that teenagers make up most of the members of such gangs. The barangay council has taken steps to try and stop or contain the gang wars in Barangay Ma-a such as patrols and neighbourhood watch committees. However, they don’t always succeed. When the patrols do catch wrong-doers in the act, they are taken through a rehabilitation process. First, the council approaches the parents of the criminal (if the criminal is a minor) and encourages them to let the said criminal to stay at the barangay center. Here, they have free food and board and lodging. These things aren’t for free though. The criminals will have to go back to school and also do community service for the barangay. Some of the better cases tend to get their lives back on track. Some of the criminals even decide to stay as a worker for the barangay centers.
3) Gambling & Peace and Order
Gambling has been a problem for Barangay Ma-a for quite some time now. According the Barangay’s secretary, Mister Edgar Jose C. Balasa, they have taken several actions to try and stop or minimize the gambling in the barangay. They have set up curfews and patrols to go around the barangay. They have specific times for when minors must be home/not roaming the streets, when establishments have to stop serving liquors, what time the residents have to stop using karaoke machines, and what time adults must be inside.
Programs of the Barangay
1) The Youth Development Council
This program is made up of the Sanguniang Kabataan and the NGO Kaugmaon Council. Here, they different presidents of the different Youth Leaders of
the purok sectors work together and make a council where they discuss the different issues that concern the youth of the barangay and what actions they should take. They then present these issues to the heads of the Sanguniang Kabataan and it will be subject to approval/disapproval of the group. They hold monthly meetings. The reason that there are representatives for different puroks is so that there will be no biases and there will be fair suggestions for all concerned.
DAPMO is a barangay program that collaborates with Resources for the Blind (NGO) to provide help and services to the differently abled residents of the community. One service is that they aim to give differently abled residents (like the blind) companions to help make their lives easier.
3) Barangay Disaster Risk Reduction Committee
This programs aims to help the barangay and its residents be well-prepared for calamaties and disasters that might happen in the barangay. They have seminars and volunteers are taught about the different actions to take in case of calamities such as floods, storms, and fires. Barangay Ma-a is a well-awarded barangay in this respect. To name a few of their awards, they have been awarded twice as the best in Davao and thrice for 4) Coalition of Services for the Elderly
The barangay in partnership with NGOs aims to provide help for the elderly be it for services or for medicine.
5) Wheez Club
The Wheez club is a program that aims to help those that are suffering Asthma. The barangay with the help of Handicap International (an NGO) aims to provide access to nebulizers for the residents of Barangay Ma-a. If ever a resident is unable to go to the barangay center to get the nebulizer, the barangay members will be the ones to bring nebulizers to them.
6) Diabetic Club
The Diabetic Club program is achieved with the cooperation of the Barangay Council and Handicap International. They will provide Streps for those who are in need and preform check-ups for the residents who have diabetes.
IV. Comments and Recommendations
In my opinion, Barangay Ma-a is a fairly well established barangay. It has accessible facilities and programs for its residents. However, I strongly suggest that the barangay council cooperate with members from the city council to fix some of the roads in and around Barangay Ma-a. If left unattended, I think that these damages might cause vehicular accidents in the future.
Aside from that, I am glad to find out that the Barangay Ma-a has many programs for their residents, especially their differently abled and in-need residents. They (the council) try to get everyone in their area the help and services they need and deserve. The barangay council members that we had approached for our study were very helpful and approachable.
Another thing I have to say about Barangay Ma-a is that it’s a relatively peaceful and quiet community. The only bad things I hear about the barangay and its puroks is that of the accidents. Such as vehicular accidents, and some like natural calamities that cannot be avoided such as floods and fires. They have, however, to improve their drainage systems in some areas. The areas tend to flood because of dirty and clogged up drainage systems.
I am happy to be a resident of Barangay Ma-a. Based on my study, what I have read, and what I have been told, the barangay, its councils, and its officials seems to aim to be fair and try to think of all its members equally.
In conclusion, I say that after studying Barangay Ma-a and its components, it is a very organized and well-prepared barangay. Its history is very diverse and complex with different religions and belief systems set and co-existing in one area. It has many programs that has collaborations with different NGOs. The residents seem to have positive feedback about the Barangay Council and how they run Barangay Ma-a. The barangay seems to be well taken care of. For its problem regarding jobs and insufficient incomes, the barangay council has taken steps to try and help the residents, and are not just complacent about it. Even though the location of the barangay is quite far from downtown Davao, the barangay, its infrastructures, businesses, and residents seem to be stable and well-led.
From the result of the study, I can deduct that:
1) The residents of Barangay Ma-a have suffered from low-incomes however, the barangay officials are trying to help and improve their options and prospects at finding well-paying and close-to-home jobs. 2) Teenagers in Barangay Ma-a are very involved in the development/improvement of the barangay. They have their own councils and their own funding for activities and programs they deem needed in the community. 3) The Barangay Council and its members are have very helpful programs with collaborations from NGOs. They consider their differently abled, troubled, and in-need residents very much in many of their programs.
Barangay – en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barangay
Community – dictionary.reference.com/browse/community
NGO – www.ngo.org/ngoinfo/define.html
Purok – translate.sandayong.com/cebuano/english/purok
Neighbourhood – dictionary.reference.com/browse/neighborhood Punong Barangay – en.wikipilipinas.org/index.php?title=Punong_Barangay Kagawad – encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Kagawad
Sangguniang Kabataan – en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sangguniang_Kabataan Council – dictionary.reference.com/browse/council
Mister Edgar Jose C. Balasa – Barangay Secretary
Cite this Barangay Maa
Barangay Maa. (2016, Aug 07). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/barangay-maa/