Basic Health

1) The most common sleep disorder is
A) sleep apnea.
B) insomnia.
C) sleep walking.
D) narcolepsy.
B) insomnia.
2) Violence resulting in injury includes
A) injuries caused by a specific intent to harm.
B) emotional violence.
C) injuries caused accidentally without intent to harm.
D) Both A and C.
D) Both A and C.
3) Social and cultural factors that increase the likelihood of violence include all of the following except
A) poverty.
B) unemployment.
C) consumption of alcohol.
D) political beliefs.
C) consumption of alcohol.
4) Cultural beliefs that can be considered societal causes of violence include
A) objectifying women.
B) overcoming stereotypes.
C) empowerment of women.
A) objectifying women.
5) Breakdown in the criminal justice system is considered a societal cause of violence because
A) there are too many prisons.
B) sentences are too lenient.
C) prisons keep individuals for the full length of their sentence.
D) trial errors discourage violence.
B) sentences are too lenient.

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6 Which of the following is true about primary aggression?
A) It will not result in the bodily harm of others.
B) It is goal-directed, hostile self-assertion that is destructive in nature.
C) It results from frustration with life experiences.
D) None of the above
B) It is goal-directed, hostile self-assertion that is destructive in nature.
7 Anger is
A) a permanent mood state.
B) an experience which can range from irritation to rage.
C) a learned response that increases with age.
D) an emotion which occurs less frequently during periods of frustration.
B) an experience which can range from irritation to rage.
8) Which of the following is true regarding homicides?
A) Homicides are the 15th leading cause of death in the United States.
B) Homicides are the 2nd leading cause of death for persons aged 15 to 24.
C) Homicide rates overall are higher in non-white ethnic groups.
D) All of the above are true.
D) All of the above are true.
9) Which of the following would be considered a hate crime?
A) beating up a teenager because they are Hispanic
B) burning a church because you dislike their religion
C) persecuting a homosexual
D) All of the above
D) All of the above are true
10) Of the following, the least likely risk factor for gang involvement is
A) low self-esteem.
B) having high academic achievement.
C) living in a gang-controlled area.
D) low socioeconomic status.
B) having high academic achievement.
11) Young people tend to join gangs
A) to gain a sense of belonging.
B) to provide economic security.
C) as a way of overcoming discrimination.
D) Both A and B.
D) Both A and B.
12) International terrorism occurs when
A) workers lobby for unionization.
B) groups or individuals direct hostile activities towards their own government.
C) students picket to protest global warming.
D) terrorist activities transcend national boundaries.
D) terrorist activities transcend national boundaries.
13) Which of the following is true about violence against women?
A) The majority of assaults against women are reported to the police.
B) Most women who are abused are victims of intimate partner abuse.
C) Domestic violence is the second greatest cause of injury to women.
D) Being pregnant decreases the risk of being battered.
B) Most women who are abused are victims of intimate partner abuse.
14) A woman often remains a victim of domestic violence because
A) she does not fear retaliation against her or her children.
B) she is not financially dependent on her partner.
C) she believes the situation will not change over time.
D) her cultural or religious beliefs forbid divorce.
D) her cultural or religious beliefs forbid divorce.
15) The primary difference in ethnoviolence and hate crimes is that
A) hate crimes are perpetrated at random.
B) ethnoviolence is more brutal.
C) ethnoviolence is based on prejudice.
D) All of the above
A) hate crimes are perpetrated at random.
16) Addiction includes
A) withdrawal.
B) tolerance.
C) deterioration of work performance.
D) All of the above
D) All of the above
17) Illicit drugs
A) may be manufactured illegally.
B) are psychoactive.
C) differ from state to state in regards to laws governing their possession.
D) All of the above
D) All of the above
18) Which of the following is true about routes of administration of drugs?
A) Drugs can’t be absorbed through the skin.
B) Intravenous injection is the most dangerous method of administration.
C) The least effective route of administration is by inhalation.
D) None of the above
B) Intravenous injection is the most dangerous method of administration.
19) The fastest-acting method of injection is
A) inunction.
B) intramuscular.
C) intravenous.
D) subcutaneous.
C) intravenous.
20) Using a nicotine patch for smoking cessation is an example of
A) injection.
B) ingestion.
C) inunction.
D) inhalation.
C) inunction.
21) Suppositories
A) are designed to melt at body temperature.
B) are inserted into the vagina or anus.
C) cause a drug to remain inactive in the body for several hours.
D) All of the above
B) are inserted into the vagina or anus.
22) James is no longer able to feel the same effects from his drug of choice with his regular dose; he needs to increase the amount of the drug to feel the desired effects. This example demonstrates
A) withdrawal.
B) tolerance.
C) adjustment.
D) dosing.
B) tolerance.
23) David spends four hours a day lifting weights. He has also started taking steroids to increase his muscle mass and is preoccupied with gaining weight. He most likely suffers from this disorder.
A) codependence
B) anorexia nervosa
C) muscle dysmorphia
D) bulimia nervosa
C) muscle dysmorphia
24) To be addictive
A) a behavior must have the potential to produce a positive mood change.
B) the body eventually requires the chemical in order to feel normal.
C) continued involvement with a substance or activity occurs despite ongoing negative consequences.
D) All of the above
D) All of the above
25) Jason doesn’t see that his addiction to heroin is self-destructive. He is experiencing
A) obsession.
B) compulsion.
C) displacement.
D) denial.
D) denial.
26) Which of the following is true about gambling addictions?
A) Men are more likely to have gambling problems than women.
B) Gambling problems are greater among individuals with high socioeconomic status.
C) Compulsive gamblers seek the money and not the excitement.
D) None of the above
A) Men are more likely to have gambling problems than women.
27) The main site of alcohol metabolism is the
A) spleen.
B) liver.
C) colon.
D) kidney.
B) liver.
28) Factors affecting alcohol absorption include all of the following EXCEPT
A) body fat.
B) mood.
C) the type of drink.
D) time of day alcohol is consumed
D) time of day alcohol is consumed
29) A hangover is caused by
A) toxic forms of alcohol known as congeners.
B) increased production hydrochloric acid.
C) a shift in water balance in the body.
D) All of the above
D) All of the above
30) The effects of alcohol are different for women and men because
A) women have lower levels of body fat.
B) women have lower levels of alcohol dehydrogenase.
C) women are not affected by congeners.
D) Both B and C.
B) women have lower levels of alcohol dehydrogenase.
31) A healthy person is one who is
A) free of illness.
B) physically fit.
C) mentally and socially well.
D) All the above
D) All the above
32) The definition of health in the early 1900s was synonymous with
A) good hygiene.
B) not having an infectious disease.
C) wellness.
D) absence of illness.
A) good hygiene.
33) Clean, safe water and improved sanitation have contributed to
A) control of infectious disease.
B) better government social control.
C) better studies of the population’s drinking habits.
D) cancer causing microorganisms.
A) control of infectious disease.
34) Jane is always upset about something. It seems she is never really happy. This could adversely affect Jane’s
A) intellectual health.
B) physical health.
C) social health.
D) All of the above
D) All of the above
35) The six dimensions of wellness
A) affect health independently of each other.
B) interact continuously.
C) seldom influence one another.
D) demonstrate the separateness of mind and body.
B) interact continuously.
36) The dimensions of physical health include all of the following EXCEPT
A) activities of daily living.
B) ability to think clearly.
C) body shape and size.
D) sensory acuity.
B) ability to think clearly.
37) Jill has many friends, is respected by her co-workers, and maintains a great relationship with her boyfriend. Her ability to interact with others is an example of the ________ dimension of health.
A) social
B) intellectual
C) emotional
D) physical
A) social
38) Emotional health can best be described as
A) being able to be self-sufficient and self confident.
B) being able to problem solve emotional problems.
C) being able to express as well as control feelings.
D) being able to adapt to various social situations.
C) being able to express as well as control feelings.
39) Katherine is an energetic, confident student who is not afraid to get up in front of the class and read her essay aloud. She trusts that even if some students don’t agree with her point of view, they will still value her as a person and a friend. Katherine has positive
A) social health.
B) intellectual health.
C) physical health.
D) emotional health.
A) social health.
40) Spiritual health could best be described as
A) exclusive to religiosity.
B) optional for achieving wellness.
C) related to one’s purpose in life.
D) finding fulfilling relationships.
C) related to one’s purpose in life.
health
the general condition of body and mind
basic
of primary importance
generalized anxiety disorder
Celia spends a good deal of her time worrying, is easily fatigued, and often has difficulty concentrating. Her symptoms may characterize
schizophrenia
a biological disease of the brain
suicide prevention techniques
asking directly if the person intends to hurt him/herself
infectious disease
the greatest threat to life in the 1800s and early 1900s
World Health Organization
In 1947, the __________ clarified that “health is the state of complete physical, mental and social well being, not just the absence of disease or infirmity.”
spiritual health
related to one’s purpose in life
prevention
taking positive action now to avoid becoming sick later
heart disease
the leading cause of death for Americans
modeling
observing a friend’s successful attempts to quit smoking in order to help yourself quit smoking
diversity
psychosocially healthy people value ______
spirituality
Lisa believes in a unifying force that gives meaning to her life. Lisa is demonstrating
low self-esteem
Keisha puts herself down all the time. She is very negative about everything and doubts her ability to succeed. Keisha is displaying
mindfulness
John is actively engaged in a conversation with his friend, listening attentively and being fully present in the moment. John is displaying
resiliency
After experiencing a recent move, breaking up with his girlfriend and starting a new job, Frank has been able to adapt to these stressful events in a healthy way by exercising and meeting new people. Frank’s behavior shows he has
depression in college students
do not seek help for depression because of the stigma associated with seeing a counselor
unintentional injury
Mark was an average 19-year-old student at a large university in a metropolitan city. He enjoyed occasionally meeting some friends at a little pub, having a few beers and smoking cigars. Mark’s life ended tragically just before his 20th birthday. Statistically, the most likely cause of Mark’s death was
readiness
Missy is motivated to lose weight. She already changed her sedentary lifestyle and now relies on her 30-minute walk every morning to help her get going. Missy attended some nutrition seminars, studied the new Food Guide Pyramid, and found several sources to help get her on track if she has setbacks. She is starting her process on Monday to change her eating habits. Missy is in a state of
self-efficacy
Judy strives to stay healthy. When she notices herself getting involved in a health risk behavior she makes a plan and takes action to get back on track. No challenge is ever too tough for her to take on. Judy has
an unchanged personality
Warning signs of suicide include all of the following EXCEPT
suicide
college students are likely to commit, drug alcohol use, women attempt it more
suicide prevention techniques include
asking directly if the person intends to hurt him/herself
stress
produces a physical response of our bodies to the changes and challenges of life
stress can be caused by
watching a football game, graduating, failing a test
eustress
Ken believes meeting all the members of his new parish will take some time but it will help him learn how to serve them better. This is an example of
distress
Peter was in a relationship that recently ended when he found out his partner was cheating on him. This probably caused
flight or fight response
David woke up in the middle of the night because he smelled something burning. This most likely caused
homeostasis
Amy feels great these days. She knows what to expect this semester, has refined her time management skills, and has learned how to manage her responses to stressors. Her weight is under control and she is in the best physical condition of her life. She doesn’t have any worries. Amy is in a state of
parasympathetic nervous system
Diana is stopped on the shoulder of the road after her car was nearly hit head-on by a large truck. The part of the nervous system most likely in control now is Diana’s
epinephrine
The primary hormone responsible for physiological and stress responses such as increased heart rate is
The long term wear and tear of the stress response
Emily is experiencing chronic stress in a dysfunctional relationship. Which of the following looks at the allostatic load Emily is carrying?
reduces the effectiveness of the immune response
Research on stress and body function have found that prolonged stress
he felt the crime was not a big deal.
Fred was recently a victim of campus violence, but didn’t report it. Most likely the reason was that
Tell a friend if you suspect something was slipped into your drink and go to the ER.
ou have recently heard reports about the use of date rape drugs at parties. What should you tell your female friends to do at a party to protect themselves from being victims of drug-facilitate crimes?
reactive aggression.
James lost his job and was not able to make his rent. His frustration built up to the point that he initiated a physical fight with a friend. James is displaying
societal causes of violence.
Poverty, unemployment, stress, and oppression are considered to be some of the possible
It is goal-directed, hostile self-assertion that is destructive in nature.
Which of the following is true about primary aggression?
criminals using illegal drugs commit robberies and assaults more frequently than non-using criminals
Research examining the relationship between substance abuse and violence indicates
Most women need outside intervention to break the cycle & It explains how women get caught in a downward spiral.
Which of the following is true about the cycle of violence?
the man is less likely to sustain severe injuries.
One difference in domestic violence when a woman is the abuser is that
neglect
If you read about a case where a child was not provided with enough to eat and didn’t have proper clothes to wear, this would best illustrate
sexual assault
If a friend confided in you that someone was sexually intimate with them without their consent, this would be an example of
They can include relationships with family, friends and romantic partners.
Which of the following is true about intimate relationships?
epididymis
Structure on the back of the testes where sperm reach maturity
vulva
External female genitalia
endometrium
Inner lining of the uterus
scrotum
Sac that contains the testes
the behavioral interdependence in their relationship
Lisa and Chris are close friends and classmates. Each day they have a mutual impact and influence on each other. This example best demonstrates
ability to fulfill each other’s needs through the relationship.
Emily and Jessica are close friends who are able to share their feelings freely, providing support and reassurance. This example demonstrates their
Intimate relationships
may share emotional intimacy without being sexual & may be spiritually intimate & can include sexual relationships.
Sternberg’s Triangular Theory of Love
Passion is the motivational component.
ex of attraction
feelings of elation and euphoria produced by neurochemicals
a PEA level decrease.
According to researcher Helen Fisher, the feeling that the excitement and passion is gone from a marriage is due to
It is the biological father who determines sex.
Which of the following is true about sexual identity?
Our personal sense of awareness of being masculine or feminine
Which of the following best describes gender identity?
It is best understood using a multifactorial model. & It involves a person’s emotional as well as sexual attraction to another person
Which of the following is true about sexual orientation?
They can be used with baby oil and lotions.
Which one of the following is not true about condoms?
They can break during intercourse when they haven’t been properly stored
why condoms may not be effective?
They can be bought over the counter.
All of the following statements about diaphragms are true EXCEPT
antibiotics
Medications that may decrease the effectiveness of oral contraceptives include
They are the most commonly used contraceptive among college-aged women. & They are up to 99 percent effective at preventing pregnancy if used correctly.
Which of the following is true about oral contraceptive pills?
A prescription is required for women under the age of 18.
Which of the following is true about emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs)?
The definition of “health” includes
-the absence of illness
-mental and social wellbeing
-physical fitness
Clean, safe, water and improved sanitation have contributed to
control of infectious disease
The greatest threat to life in the 1800s and early 1900s was
infectious disease
Which is true about laughter?
-it reduces depression in stressed-out people
-it can be a coping mechanism
The “feeling” part of psychosocial health is termed:
emotional health
The development of modern, sophisticated water and sewage treatment processes has made a positive impact on:
life expectancy
In 1947, the _____________clarified that “health is the state of complete physical, mental and social well being, not just the absence of disease of infirmity.”
World Health Organization
The dimensions of physical health include all of the following EXCEPT
ability to think clearly
Wellness is best described as
a dynamic process
Jane is always upset about something. It seems she is never really happy. This could adversely affect Jane’s
-intellectual health
-social health
-physical health
Mortality statistics describe
death rates
The six dimensions of wellness
interact continuously
Jill has many friends, is respected by her co-workers, and maintains a great relationship with her boyfriend. Her ability to interact with others is an example of __________________ dimension of health.
social
Spiritual health could be best described as
related to one’s purpose in life
The major health-related components of physical fitness include
-cardiorespiratory fitness
-muscular strength and endurance
-body composition
Katherine is an energetic, confident student who is not afraid to get up in front of class and read her essay aloud. She trusts even if some students don’t agree with her point of view, they will value her as a person and friend. Katherine has positive
emotional health
The concept most consistent with contemporary definition of wellness is
overall well-being
In 1990, the U.S. Surgeon General proposed a plan for promoting the health status of individuals and groups. Today, the plan has evolved into
Healthy People 2010
Talking to your boyfriend/girlfriend on your cell phone while driving to the student activity center is an example of
risky behavior
The “treatment” considered the most effective against current day health threats is
prevention
Mark was an average 19 year old student at a large university in a metropolitan city. He enjoyed occasionally meeting some friends at a little pub, having a few beers and smoking cigars. Mark’s life ended tragically just before his 20th birthday. Statistically, the most likely cause of Mark’s death was
unintentional injury
A mentally healthy person who gets a speeding ticket would respond by
learning from the situation and planning to watch their speed more carefully
Emotional health can best be described as
being able to be self-sufficient and self confident
Which of the following is true about men and depression
men are more likely to act on suicidal feelings than women
Which of the following is true concerning an individual’s emotional health?
Emotional trauma can affect a student’s academic performance
Psychosocial health is a complex interaction of
-family history
-interpretations of past experiences
Warning signs of suicide include all of the following EXCEPT
an unchanged personality
Which of the following statements about suicide is true?
-risk factors for suicide include excessive drug and alcohol use
-college students are more likely to commit suicide than the general public
-women attempt suicide more often than men
You can expect a therapist to
ask you about various aspects of your life
Keisha puts herself down all the time. She is very negative about everything and doubts her ability to succeed. Keisha is displaying
low self-esteem
A term used to encompass mental, emotional, social, and spiritual dimensions of health is
psychosocial
Emotions are typically described as the interplay of the following components
-physiological arousal
-feelings
-behavioral reactions
A negative evaluation of an entire group of people that is typically based on unfavorable and often wrong ideas about a group is called
prejudice
Social bonds can
-reassure an individual of their worth
-provide intimacy
Jane’s belief that she can successfully pass her biology midterm is an example of
self-efficacy
Which of the following is true about depression in college students?
many students do not seek help for depression because of the stigma associated with seeing a counselor
Major depressive disorders are caused by
-biological makeup
-learned behavioral responses
-cognitive factors
Melody has been experiencing severe mood swings, having a lot of energy at one moment and then experiencing a depressed state. Melody is displaying symptoms of
bipolar disorder
Ceclia spends a good deal of time worrying, is easily fatigued, and often has difficulty concentrating. Her symptoms may characterize
generalized anxiety disorder
Which of the following is true about panic attacks?
They can lead to isolation
Jake is being treated for depression. His counselor is focused on correcting Jake’s relationship with his family. This type of therapy is an example of
interpersonal therapy
Seasonal affective disorder is associated with
reduced exposure to natural sunlight
Which of the following statements about schizophrenia is true?
schizophrenia is a biological disease of the brain.
The mental health professional who can prescribe medications is a
psychiatrist
A pop quiz in class is an example of
a stressor
The following is true about stress
stress produces a physical response of our bodies to the changes and challenges of life
Your heart races and you cannot think of anything to say when a gorgeous guy sits beside you in class. This is an example of
the stress response
All of the following are likely to influence your response to stress:
-past experiences
-self-esteem
-general health status
Which of the following is true of anorexics?
they practice extreme exercise and/or almost total exclusion of food from their diet
Which of the following can cause stress?
-failing a test
-graduating from college
-watching a football game
-accepting an award
Hearing unknown footsteps following you late at night on campus would likely trigger the ______________ phase of the GAS.
alarm
The primary hormone responsible for physiological stress responses such an increased
epinephrine
Emily is experiencing chronic stress in a dysfunctional relationship. Which of the following looks at the allostatic load Emily is carrying?
the long term wear and tear of the stress response
All of the following are true about epinephrine:
-it is separated by the adrenal gland
-it is also known as adrenaline
-it prepares the body for action
The stress hormone cortisol has a major role during the stress response in the following:
mobilizing nutrients in the bloodstream
Research on stress and body function have found that prolonged stress
reduces the effectiveness of the immune response
Longitudinal studies involving stress have demonstrated
-highly stressed individuals have increased risk of cardiovascular disease
-mortality is higher among highly stressed individuals
-chronic stress has a role in headaches, hypertension and back pain
Which of the following hormones might be involved in the “Freshman 15” -gaining 15 (or more) pounds in the first year of college?
cortisol
Which of the following situations might impair immunity?
-you are involved in a motor accident
-your grandmother moves in with your family after her stroke
-every little problem really “stresses you out”
Jack, a president of a new sales company and father of six children, had a heart attack at the age of 46. Which of the following may have contributed to his early development of heart disease?
excess stress
Stress has a strong connection to which of the following medical conditions?
-impaired immune function
-heart disease
-diabetes
Mary is behind in her coursework because of conditioning for this week’s tryouts for the swim team. On top of that she broke up with her boyfriend last week. Monica, Mary’s twin sister, does not swim so she has plenty of time to get her work done before her boyfriend visits every evening. Compared to Monica, Mary is likely to report
more upper respiratory illnesses
Students may have weaker defense mechanisms for fighting diseases
-during periods of high stress like midterm exams
-after breaking off a long-term relationship
-if they have poor personal hygiene
Which of the following categories of stressors may have the greatest impact on illness and disease?
hassles
Pressures refer to a type of stressor
that may be related to internal or external sources
In the film “Out of the Shadows” what was the main theme involving all the characters?
causes of depression can vary but the key is to recognize it before it causes harm
Pressure to perform well in school
is generally based on internal desires to succeed
Tyler wants to win the soloist competition this year. His practice time is always the same time his friends are going out to party. Tyler always goes along for the party because he can squeeze in a few minutes of practice elsewhere in his schedule. It is the week of the competition and now Tyler has come down with a terrible stomach bug. Tyler is probably suffering from
inconsistent goals and behavior
The following is the best example of conflict
wanting to go to a party but needing to study
Being a full-time student, having a job, being president of a sorority- in addition to family responsibilities- would best be described as
overload
Teachers, social workers, nurses, and those in similar professions experience a high incidence of
burnout
You changed your major your sophomore year. Now after 5 years of classes, assignments, and exams, you are ready to forget about school and go get a non-skilled job. This is an example of
burnout
__________ is defined as the interpretation and evaluation of information provided to the brain by senses
appraisal
Exercises reduces stress by
increasing endorphins and reducing stress chemicals called cortisols
Eating healthy food helps in managing stress because
energy is produced and some nutrients are needed during stressful times.
People who cope successfully with stressful situations
-believe in their own abilities
-have been successful in past similar situations
-have an internal locus of control
Which of the following statements best describes self-esteem?
self-esteem has to do with one’s confidence and self-satisfaction
One reason why Type A personality theory has been debated is because
most people are not one personality type in all situations
This/these characteristic(s) of Type A personality have been determined to be the most detrimental to one’s health
angry and hostile
Downshifting refers to the process of
cognitive restructuring
Meditation is another way to relax and manage stress. All of the following are true about meditation:
-it allows the body to relax while the mind is focused
-it usually includes some type of mind focus, such as a word or symbol
-it usually takes some effort and patience to learn the technique
In the film “Food Inc.” the little boy died as a result of
-eating tainted hamburger meat
-E. coli 0157:H7
Regular aerobic activity improves the efficiency of the heart by
increasing the amount of blood pumped with each heartbeat
In the film “Food Inc.” we found out that if you replace a 20 oz soda with water, you could lose an estimated 25 lbs per year
TRUE
In the film “Food Inc.” we found out that most Americans that eat out more frequently consume almost twice as many calories as those Americans that make their own meals…
yes, that is true Dr. Hey
In the film “Food Inc.” we found that 50% of all antibiotics used in the U.S. are given to farm animals
no; that’s not true Dr. Hey, it’s more like 70%
In the film “Food Inc.” one way to be a healthy consumer is to…
support your local farmer’s market
Which is true about stress and peptic ulcers?
-caused by helicobacter pylori
-chronic stress slows the immune system down
Can humans turn off their stress response?
NO
How many hours of sleep should a college student get every night?
7-8
Which of the following is the most serious form of heat-related illness?
heat stroke
Which statement best summarizes the association between exercise and improved immunity?
brisk exercise temporarily increases WBC (White Blood Cells) to boost immunity
In the film “See George Lose Weight” exercise to lose weight is key because…
it doesn’t shock your body like going on a very low calorie diet
In the film “See George Lose Weight” what triggered George to regain the weight?
metabolism slowed and he slowed down
In the film “Dying to be Thin” what did the Joffrey ballet dancer suffer from?
-anorexia nervosa
-osteoporosis
In the film “Stress Portrait of a Killer” what was true about the monkeys?
-they (subordinate monkeys) endured large amounts of stress
-subordinate monkeys had atherosclerosis
-social hierarchy dictated stress levels
-they had a lot of free time to play
How many hours of sleep should a child receive every night?
9-10
Treatment for eating disorders will often first focus on
reducing the threat to life
One of the common reported signs of having an eating disorder is
being a perfectionist
Getting married, successfully kayaking Class II rapids, beginning a career, and developing new friends are all examples of
eustress
What was NOT responsible for the majority of premature deaths in the early 1900s?
Heart disease
Emotional health can best be described as…
Being able to express as well as control feelings
Jane is sedentary and obese. What effect, if any, do these have on her dimensions of health?
They affect all dimensions of health
The six dimensions of wellness…
Interact continuously
After breaking up with his girlfriend, Frank has been unable to move on. He is afraid of rejection and doesn’t think that women find him attractive. Frank is probably suffering from…
Low self-esteem
The stress hormone cortisol has a major role during the stress response in what?
Mobilizing nutrients in the blood
The primary hormone responsible for physiological stress responses such as increased heart rate is
Epinephrine
When Ryan has adequate sleep the night before his intramural basketball games, he ahs energy to run faster up and down the court. This can be attributed to…
Conservation of body energy while he sleeps
A lack of sleep increases a person’s risk for heart disease by increasing blood levels of
C-reactive protein
When students doze off during lecture, they are in which stage of sleep?
One
In the 4th stage of sleep, a person releases this hormone…
Human Growth
Your heart races and you cannot think of anything ot say when a gorgeous guy sits beside you in class. This is an example of
The stress response
Amy feels great these days. She knows what to expect this semester, has refined her time management skills, and has learned hour to manage her responses to stressors. Her weight is under control and she is in the best physical condition of her life. She doesn’t have any worries. Amy is in a state of
Homeostasis
Appetite is described as
It is more psychological than physiological.
____Produce enzymes that destroy free radicals
Antioxidants
What is the difference between a portion and a serving?
A portion can be larger or smaller than a serving.
________ fiber appears to be a factor in lowering blood cholesterol levels
Soluble
How does insoluble fiber decrease a person’s risk for diverticulosis?
by reducing constipation
When fasting or eating a very low calorie diet (vlcd) for prolonged periods, the body will find fuel from its energy stores. One of the last reserves the body will use is from
lean protein tissue
It is estimated that approximately ________ million Americans have diabetes
23.6
Which of the following factors could contribute to a diabetes-related amputation?
lack of circulation which can decrease healing ability and others
Kara was tested for diabetes. Her fasting plasma glucose test showed a level of 120. This indicates that
kara has pre-diabetes
A 30 year old male would be considered obese if
he had a body mass index of 30 or higher
The amount of energy the body uses at complete rest is known as the
basal metabolic rate
Which statement best summarizes the association between exercise and improved immunity?
Brisk exercise temporarily increases WBC (White Blood Cells) to boost immunity.
The principle of resistance training that suggests that muscles should be gradually required to do more than they are used to doing is
overload
Women who lift weights experience less ________ than men due to lower levels of testosterone.
hypertrophy
The principles that guide a resistance exercise program include
variation, overload, specificity
When exercising for cardiorespiratory fitness, you are at an appropriate intensity when you are
able to talk to someone easily
Which of the following is true about intimate relationships?
They can include relationships with family, friends and romantic partners
Rates of most STIs have decreased in recent years.
False
Using a drug for a purpose other than which it is intended is an example of
misuse
Approximately what percentage of Americans consume alcoholic beverages regularly?
60%
Which of the following is true with respect to alcohol consumption?
Heavy drinkers account fro half of the alcohol consumed in US
Which of the following statements about college drinking is true?
Approximately one half of college students are classified as heavy episodic drinkers.
How is binge drinking defined for the typical adult?
Binge drinking is defined as 4 or more drinks for females or 5 or more drinks for males.
On average, how long would it take to metabolize 4 12-oz, 5% alcohol beers?
4 hours
The toxic chemical by-product of alcohol metabolism that causes nausea and vomiting is called
acetaldehyde
Characteristics of alcohol poisoning include all of the following EXCEPT
yellow tint of the eyeballs
James is no longer able to feel the same effects from his drug of choice with his regular dose; he needs to increase the amount of the drug to feel the desired effects. This example demonstrates
tolerance
Proper use of a condom during sexual activity does not guarantee protection against STIs.
true
Misty, now 31, has been trying to get pregnant since she got married 4 years ago. Her doctor told her their infertility problem was likely due to her history of PID from the most commonly reported STI in the United States. Misty had
chlamydia
The stage of syphilis that is characterized by a bacterial filled chancre is
primary syphilis
Betty has cervical cancer. It is probably related to the ________ infection she got back in college.
human papillomavirus
Which of the following is caused by an increased production of a yeast like fungus normally present in the vagina?
candidiasis
The first widely used form of birth control used by women was
the diaphragm
Which of the following statements is true about female sterilization?
A woman continues to menstruate after a tubal ligation.
Many men are reluctant to have a vasectomy because of
the fear of decreased sexual performance.
Which of the following is true about nutrition and exercise during pregnancy?
Exercise can be beneficial, but the woman should consult with her physician first.
An embryo is called a fetus
at the beginning of the third month of pregnancy.
According to Robert Sternberg’s Triangular Theory of Love, love involves which of the following?
all the above
According to researcher Helen Fisher, the feeling that the excitement and passion is gone from a marriage is due to
a PEA level decrease
Which of the following is true about being single in the United States?
the number of adults electing to remain single is increasing
Which of the following is true about the sexual practices of college students?
over 70% report having none or one sexual partner within the past year
Epididymis is
the structure ont he back of the testes where sperm reach maturity
Vulva is
external female genitalia
Endometium is
inner lining of the uterus
Scrotum is
sac that contains the testes
Cardiovascular disease accounts for approximately ________ of all deaths in the United States.
1/3
A biopsy reveals that a woman who has had breast cancer now has the cancer in her lymph nodes. The process of malignant cells moving throughout the body is called
metastasis
________ is an example of defending against cardiovascular disease through prevention.
Avoiding Tobacco
The human heart is about the size of
your fist
An individual would most likely suffer from angina pectoris when
walking up a flight of stairs
All of the following are involved with congestive heart failure EXCEPT
Blood cannot accumulate in the legs, ankles, or lungs
Being completely “cured” of cancer means that an individual
has no subsequent cancer in their bodies
What is true with respect to the genetic risk of cancer
oncogenes are suspected cancer causing genes
What behaviors would most likely increase the risk of developing cancer
eating a high calorie diet
a construction compnay used asbestos on many job sites. Asbestos is an example of a
fibrous carcinogen
What is true about radiation and cancer
ionizing radiation is the only form of radiation proven to cause cancer
What is true about malignant and benign tumors
a malignant tumor can invade surrounding tissue, produce mutant cells, and metastasize
What is NOT true about prostate cancer
prostate cancer risk is not affected by diet …you need red fruits
What is NOT a way to reduce carcinogens in the environment
buying clothes that need to be dry cleaned
Jeremy was told that his cancer could not be treated with radiotherapy and must be treated with chemotherapy. This is probably because
the cancer is no longer localized
What is NOT true about testicular cancer
the incidence of testicular cancer is currently declining
What is NOT a warning sign of melanoma
a brown, uniform color
One reason exercise might decrease breast cancer risk is because of the
decrease in body fat
If caught early, the prognosis for colon cancer is good because
the disease progresses slowly
Cancer is
the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells
Types of cancers
carcinoma (tissues), Sarcoma (bones), Lymphoma (infection fighting system), Leukemia (bone marrow and spleen)
Cancer’s Seven Warning Signs (CAUTION)
C: change in bowel or bladder habits
A: A sore that does not heal
U: unusual bleeding or discharge
T: thickening or lump on the breast or somewhere else
I: indigestion or difficulty swallowing
O: obvious change in wart or mole
N: nagging cough or hoarseness
Cancer commonly in men is
prostate in older men
lung cancer is most deadly
colon and rectal
bladder
testicular in younger men
Cancer commonly in women is
breast cancer
lung is most deadly
colon rectal
uterine
ovarian
In the “ABCD” rule for symptoms of melanoma, the “B” stands for
border irregularity
The best time for a man to perform a testicular self-exam is
during or right after a shower
________ may lower risk for ovarian cancer.
using birth control pills
According to current research, sexually transmitted diseases would have the greatest impact on increasing ________ cancer.
cervical
Which of the following cholesterol profiles would not indicate an increased risk of coronary heart disease?
total cholesterol=200; HDL=60
Which of the following medical characteristics would be consistent with a diagnosis of metabolic syndrome?
blood pressure of 135/90
Chemo-therapy versus radiation
chemo is with pills or drugs
radiation uses radiation
The average healthy heart beats 70-80 beats per minute. A lower heart rate of 60 might indicate that,
the individual is very fit
An adult with a damaged sinoatrial node
must have a pacemaker implanted to control the heart rhythm
Which of the following statements is true with regard to atherosclerosis?
it is characterized by a buildup of substances which form plaque
A reduction in the heart’s oxygen supply, a condition known as ________ can be relieved by ________.
ischemia; nitroglycerin
Which of the following represents the correct sequence of blood flow as it travels through the heart?
right atria, right ventricle, lungs, left atria, left ventricle, aorta.
Which of the following would represent the most serious type of heart arrhythmia?
fibrillation
Which of the following is NOT a typical symptom of a stroke?
sudden jaw pain
All of the following are true with respect to differences in the incidence in hypertension EXCEPT
men are at a higher risk of hypertension after the age of 75
The following statement is true with respect to family history and heart disease:
family history of heart disease does increase risk
________ is not a technique used to diagnose heart disease.
angioplasty
Taking an aspirin a day is useful in treating cardiovascular disease because
it reduces the risk of clot formation
John is a really good student and seems pretty resilient. He usually gets all of his work completed; if he misses an assignment he acknowledges it is his own fault. His friends really respect John; they just wish he did not explode so easily over little things. Which of the following is true about John?
John has a typical Type A Personality
A common stressor likely experienced by college freshman who are living away from home the for the first time is
conflict
All of the following are indicators that a person is under sympathetic nervous system control EXCEPT
increased blood flow to the digestive organs
Relationships can cause stress in all the following ways EXCEPT
aspiring to be the best one can be.
Spiritual Health could best be described as
related to one’s purpose in life.
Jill has many friends, is respected by her co-workers, and maintains a great relationship with her boyfriend. Her ability to interact with others is exampe of the _____ dimension of health.
Social
Taking positive action now to avoid becoming sick later is know as
prevention
young adults (15-24) are most likely to die from
unintentional accidents
All of the following causes of death are linked to preventable lifestyle behaviors EXCEPT
unintentional injuries
Overall, the leading cause of death for Americans is
heart disease
The LEAST effective health behavior change strategy is
changing several behaviors at once
Microscopic organisms that are disease-causing agents are termed
pathogens
Key factors in mounting am immune response include all of the follwing EXCEPT
red blood cells
Every time you eat something with yellow dye in it you wheeze and get a rash. The dye must be an
antigen
when the body overreacts to relatively harmless antignens by developing an overly elaborate protective mechanism, we call this response a/an
hyperimmune response
Monica lives in a dorm, she woke up with a terrible headache, stiff neck and she feel nauseated. What might be true?
Monica may have symptoms characteristic of meningigtis and should get medical treatment immediately.
All of the following are true about viruses EXCEPT
they an reproduce outside of cells
Jane is sedentary and obese. What effect, if any, do these have on her dimensions of health?
They affect all of her dimensions of health
The concept most consistent with a contemporary definition of wellness is
Overall well being
Wellness is best described as
a dynamic process
jane is always upset about something. It seem she is never really happy. This could adversely affect Jane’s
Social, intellectual, and physical Health
All of the dimensions of wellness
interact continuously
which of the following contributed to increase life expectancy in the early 20th century?
Improved sanitation, anibiotics, and vaccinations
Clean, safe water and iproved saitation have contribured to
control of infectious disease
a healthy person is one who is
Physically fit, mentally and socially well, and free of illness
Research on depression has found that women
are prone to depression because of multiple responsibilities in their lives
Ken believes meeting all the member of his new parish will take some time but it will help him learn how to serve them better. This is an example of
eustress
th this stage of sleep a person disengages from the enviroment
2
a lack of sleep contributes to obesity in all the following ways EXCEPT
by decreasing hormones that suppress appetite
when Ryan has asequate sleep the night before his intramural basketball games, he has energy to run faster up and down the court. This can be attributed to
consevation of body energy while he sleeps
which of the following is true about male infertility?
Low sperm count can be caused by wearing excessively tight underwear, and exposure of the scrotum to intense hear or cold can cause infertility in men.
andrew is attempting to reduce his caffeine consumption. Which of the following drinds that he consumes daily has the highest amount of caffeine per serving?
gourmet coffee from a coffee shop
which of the following is true with respect to alcohol consumptions?
heavy drinders account for half of the alchol consumed in the US
what is ther percent of 100 proof whiskey?
50%
Which of the following produces enzymes that destroy free radicals?
antiozidants
Which of the following factors can affect a person’s dietary intake?
the nutritioal values of food choices, ethnic heritage or traditions, and convenience and advertising
ASK
when trying to determine her ideal weight, a woman should be less concerned about comparing herself to her friends and more concerned about
body structure, how her weight is distributed, and ratio of fat to lean tissue
ASK
All of the following statements about the reatment for all personal fitness injuries are true EXCEPT
apply heat at the injury site
all of the following are ways to reduce carcinogens in the enviroment EXCEPT
but clothes that require dry cleaning
you have had cold sore for years. now you a have a Herpes sore on your finger where your cat scrached you. Your finger wound probably got infected by
Interspecies transfer from cat, autoinoculation, indirect contact with the virus when washing your drinking glasses
The student health clinic reported haveing 50 students on campus with type II diabetes. The reported ____ of type II diabetes amoung this young population
prevalence
Which of the following in a common sign of major depressive disorder?
Memory lapses, sleeping too much, and loss of motivation
Brian is considered a Type A by his friends because of his “road rage” and hyper competitiveness. Which of the following components associated with his hostility put him at an incresed rish for CVD?
actions to harm others either verbally or physically, excessive judgemental veliefs and attitudes about others, and anger ranging from irritation to rage
All of the following affect the quality of sleep EXCEPT
rolling over in bed
Risk for developing lung cancer varies among smokers due to all of the following EXCEPT
tolerance to nicotine
qhen polyunsaturated oils are hydrogenated
trans-fatty acids are produced
Current research suggest that _____ percent of dieters will regain lost weight with two years
75
If a person working in his yard on a very hot summer day begins to experience nausea, headache, dizziness, faintness, and the chills, he could be suffering from
heat exhaustion
Jermy was told that his cancer could not be treated with radiotherapy and must be treated with chemotherapy. This is probably because
the caner is no longer llocalized
all of the following behaviors will compromise the strength of your immune syster EXCEPT
exercising regularly
peter has a persistent and unreasonable fear of spiders. He could be displaying symptoms of
a phobia
if you have questions about drug interactions, you should talk to
a pharmacist of physician
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