STUDY GUIDE: MODULE 1 As you read this week’s textbook reading assignments, take notes in response to these questions and statements. This study guide will help you to prepare for your quiz. Fee and Stuart. 1. Know: Hermeneutics is the art and science, or as some would say the theory and practice, of interpretation. 2. What do they say is the aim of a good interpretation? What is not the aim? To get the plain meaning of the text; not the aim… uniqueness – one is not trying to discover what no else have ever seen before .
According to Fee and Stuart, what is the antidote to bad interpretation? The antidote to bad interpretation is not no interpretation but good interpretation based on commonsense guidelines. 4. They define “The Bible” in part as… The Bible is not a series of… both human and divine God’s word given in human words in history; it is not… propositions or imperatives not a collection of sayings from a chairman God 5.
Know the kinds of “communication” mentioned that God uses to convey his Word. arrative history, genealogies, chronicles, laws of all kinds, poetry of all kinds, proverbs, prophetic oracles, riddles, drama, biographical sketches, parables, letters, sermons, and apocalypses. 6. “To interpret properly the “then and there” of the biblical texts, you must…” Not only know some general rules that apply to all the words of the Bible but you also need to know the special rules that apply to each of these genres. 7. Know and be able to discuss the two types of ‘context’ mentioned in the reading.
Why are these items important? Historical Context – The author’s time, culture, audience, geographical, topographical, and political factors. Also gives the occasion for the author’s writing. Literary Context – this is what most people mean when they talk about reading something in it’s context. Essentially, literary context means first that words only have meaning in sentences, and second that biblical sentences for the most part only have clear meaning in relation to preceding and succeeding sentences. 8.
What do Fee and Stuart say is the “only proper control for hermeneutics”? solid exegesis 9. According to the authors, “The true meaning of the biblical text for us is…” What God originally intended it to mean when it was first spoken What are potential problems with a “fuller” or “deeper” meaning? Who speakes for God 10. What is the problem with using only one translation? You are thereby committed to the exegetical choices of that translation as the word of God. 11. What is the first concern of translators? Why?
That the Hebrew or Greek text they are using is as close as possible to the original wording as it left the author’s hands, or the hands of the scribe taking it down by dictation Harbin 1. What is the traditional view of how the Bible was written? Conservative view. Accepts the biblical documents at face value. it assumes that the documents are indeed historical even while carefully assessing that claim. 2. How does the traditional view of the origin of the Bible differ from the modern view presented in the introduction?
Traditional view accepts that claim as a working hypothesis Modern view approaches the biblical documents as suspect at best. 3. What is the concept of canon, and why is it important? a standard that something else is measured against. a group of writings regarded as authentic used to describe the body of literature we call the Bible 4. In the NT, why were many of the Epistles written before the Gospels? the early church was convinced that the return of Jesus was right around the corner and thus at first a written argument that He was the Messiah did not seem to be needed. . Why did it take time for the NT canon to be agreed upon? Because most of the NT books are letters to various churches through the mediterranean region. 6. What is the significance of the Dead Sea Scrolls? the dead sea scrolls are the original manuscripts of the bible 7. In what three languages were the 66 books of the Protestant Bible originally written? Greek, Hebrew, Aramaic Fee and Stuart 1. Know the most ‘basic’ differences of the technical terms and related commentary on pages 40–42. tied to The Questions of Language (i. e. Formal equivalence, Functional equivalence…). Orginal- the language you are translating from Historical- differences between the orginal and receptor language Formal-the attempt to keep as close to Hebrew and greek, (literal translation. ) Functional- keep the meaning of hebrew/greek but into what would normally be said in english Receptor- the language the original is being translated into Free-ttranslating the idea from one language to another with less concern of literal translation Theory- wheather one puts primary emphasis on formal or functional. . Know the discussed ‘problem areas’ on pages 43-51. 3. Given what you have read thus far what translation are you inclined to use as your primary ‘reading’ text? NLT, NIV 4. What is the absolute central element in Hebrew narrative? (Know that words and actions shape characterization in narratives. Why? ) the characteristics 5. True or False: The plot in Hebrew narrative is often very slow? false, it’s much faster. 6. What are the reasons for the use of the structural features ‘repetition’ and ‘inclusion’ according to the text? epetition: prevades Hebrew narrative repeats key words a form of resuming the narravite after an interruption or detour a form of stereotyped patterns Inclusion: technical term for the form of repetition where a narrative is begun and brought to conclusion of the same note or in the same way chaism is a form foreshadowing is a form 7. What is the implicit teaching component found in biblical narratives? Know: 40% of the literary genre in the Old Testament is narrative. It is likely the most misinterpreted and misapplied segment of Scripture. 8. What is the crucial difference between biblical narratives and other types of narratives?
Hebrew narrative – has the presence of God in it Biblical narrative – God is the ultimate character, the supreme superhero 9. Know ‘protagonist’ and ‘antagonist’ in the Bible. Pro- the main character, ant- main characters enemy people who oppose the main character and cause the conflict of the main character 10. Know Internal and External Evidence as discussed by the authors. internal – evidence we gain from the story external – evidence we gain from outside the story. 11. Know what narratives ‘are not’ according to the text. What kind of ‘teaching does takes place?
Narratives are not permissions or obligations to do the same thing that someone in the bible did Kind of teaching that takes place is the learning of God’s word 12. Be able to track the author’s example of implicit teaching found in the Ruth narrative. 1. Ruth converted to faith in the Lord 2. Boaz was a righteous Israelite 3. a foreign woman belongs to the ancestory of king David 4. Bethlehem was an exceptional town 4. 13. According to the text know the following terms and items: Allegorizing, Decontextualizing, Selectivity, Moralizing, Personalizing, Misappropriation, False Assumption, False Combination, Redefinition.
Allegorizing| relegating the text to merely reflect another meaning beyond the text instead of concentrating on the clear meaning of the text. | Decontextualizing| ignoring the full historical and literary contexts, and often the individual narrative, people concentrate on small units only and thus miss interpretational clues | Selectivity| picking and choosing specific words and phrases to concentrate on while ignoring the others and ignoring the overall sweep of the narrative being studied. Moralizing| the assumption that principles for living can be derived from all passages | Personalizing| aka individualizing. reading the scripture in the way suggested, supposing that any or all parts apply to you or your group in a way that they do not apply to everyone else | Misappropriation| appropriate the text for purposes that are quite foreign to the biblical narrative. False appropriation| to read into a biblical narrative suggestions or ideas that come from contemporary culture that are simultaneously foreign to the narrator’s purpose and contradictory to his point of view | false combination| combines elements from here and there in a passage and makes a point out of their combination even though the elements themselves are not directly connected in the passage itself | redefinition| the plain meaning of text leaves people cold, producing no immediate spiritual delight or saying something other than what they wish it said, they are often tempted to redefine it to mean something else. 14. “Narratives are precious to us because they so vividly demonstrate God’s involvement in the world and illustrate his principles and calling. ”(105). 15. Know the Ten Principles for Interpreting Narratives at the close of Chapter 5.
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