Bipolar Disorder and Depression I. Introduction
The Tragedy with Depression
Thesis: All types of depression are clinical diseases with several different symptoms, causes, and effects that could result in life threatening situations. II. Types of depression
A. Dysthymic disorder
B. Major depressive disorder
C. Bipolar disorder (manic depression)
III. Symptoms of depression
A. Depressed mood
B. Lack of interest
C. Feeling worthless
D. Thoughts of death
IV. Causes of depression
V. Effects of depression
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DC Composition 1301-2
16 September 2013
The Tragedy with Depression
A person normally feels depressed at some point in his or her life, whether it was caused by a tragedy, an illness, a death of a loved one, or any other difficult times. More than likely, that person will come out of his or her sorrow and continue on with life. For people whose time of sorrow and hopelessness does not end, depression can be terrible disease. All types of depression are clinical diseases with several different symptoms, causes, and effects that could result in life threatening situations. The type of depression that a person has can show how the disease affects him or her. Major depression disorder as an intermittent type of depression; most people who suffer with this disorder have at least one or two occurrences in their life, with each episode lasting up to two weeks (“Depression” NIMH). Most likely, major depression is brought on by a tragedy, illness, a breakup, or any disaster in one’s life. People would think that major depression disorder is one of the less damaging types of depression because of how seldom it occurs, but it is one of the most fearsome kinds of depression by how upset the person becomes.
National Institute of Mental Health defines dysthymic disorder as an ongoing depression, lasting for at least two years. Although the dysthymic disorder is not as vigorous as major depression, people who tend to have this type of depression have a couple episodes of major depression in their life (“Depression” NIMH). Since dysthymic disorder lasts for at least two years, it takes that long for a proper diagnosis to be made. Bipolar depression, also known as manic depression, is an affective disorder, affecting the person’s mood (“Depression” ADAA). According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America, bipolar depression is different levels of mood swings that shift from manta, a severe high mood, or from hypomania, a mild high mood, to critical lows of depression. When people hear about a person being bipolar, they are ignorant to the fact that the bipolar disease and depression are related. In the “manic phase,” a person with depression may undergo serious symptoms such as “excessive elation, irritability, a decreased need for sleep, or increased talking” (“Depression” ADAA).
When a person is in the depression phase, he or she experiences the symptoms of major depression. Although people with bipolar depression have some sort of happiness when in their happy stage, their happiness can abruptly disappear and turn into a frightening stage of major depression. Whether a person has major depression, dysthymia, or a bipolar disorder, the symptoms are all the same. The main symptoms of depression are feeling sad and hopeless, a loss of interest in hobbies, thoughts of suicide, the feeling of guilt, or even several symptoms at the same time. If one feels “hopeless,” then he or she may feel like there is no way out of his or her pain. “Hopeless” people often tend to resist any help, leading up to an attempt at ending their own life (“Depression” ADAA). Although there are many other symptoms of depression, they are all damaging. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, “depression is caused by a combination of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors.” Depression is different from other kinds of disorders because there is no straightforward answer on the cause. Different forms of depression also associate with different causes. Evidence proves that genetics and biology are the main factors of the causes of depression. With the help of technology, scientists have found that the “brains of people who have depression look different than those of people without depression.”
The areas of the brain affected by depression are the cerebral cortex, thalamus, hippocampus, and amygdala, which cause differences in mood, sleep, thinking, appetite, and behavior (“Depression” NIMH). Although the biological factors are high, genetics play even a bigger role in depression. A person who is diagnosed with depression typically has a family member who is also diagnosed with depression. The complexity of the causes of depression does not even amount to only two factors, which is why scientists continue to research the numerous triggers. Throughout the years, medication and therapy verify that depression can be treated. With various different medications and therapies, people who are depressed are able to have a more firm foundation when it comes to controlling their depression and able to cause their depression to go away. According to Ada Kahn, an awards winning health expert, “seventy percent of patients will improve or recover while taking antidepressant medications.” When getting medical care, one needs know that he or she has to be correctly diagnosed in order to find the perfect treatment for him or her. Even though depression can be treated with antidepressants, estimates show that eighty to ninety percent of people can be treated for depression by numerous kinds of therapies (Kahn). If therapy does not work, then usually doctors will try an antidepressant along with therapy.
People all around the world are unaware that they are clinically depressed; instead, some think that they are going through a gloomy state of life. When clinical depression is left untreated, it increases the risk of suicide, alcohol or drug addiction, making it difficult to defeat the disease (WebMD). Typically, people who find themselves to be depressed cannot truly get better without proper treatment. Occasionally, a person may feel that being clinically depressed is shameful. Also, when depression is left untreated, the factor of that depression worsening is much greater. Altogether, when a person realizes that he or she is depressed, he or she may need to understand that seeking help is not only good for his or her body but also it is good for him or her.
Depression should not be taken lightly. If a person is clinically diagnosed with depression, then he or she may be faced with numerous difficulties with some to even being long-lasting or life-threatening. Although there are serious effects, all of the types of depression have a specific treatment.
“Depression.” Anxiety and Depression Association of America. ADAA. Web. 12 Sept. 2013. “Depression.” National Institute of Mental Health. n.pag., April 2011. Web. 12 Sept. 2013. Chang, L. “Side Effects of Untreated Depression.” WebMD. WebMD, n.d. 30 Sept. 2013. Kahn, Ada P. “Depression.” Health Reference Center. The Encyclopedia of Stress and Stress-Related Diseases (2006): Facts on File, Inc. Database. 12 Sept. 2013.