Formal Outline Topic: Birth control access to teenage girls Thesis statement: Although teenage girls are prohibited from purchasing birth control, laws should be implemented to allow access to birth control as a means of managing safer sex, preventing the health risks and guarding them from the cycle of poverty. 1. Reasons for not allowing birth control to be given to teenagers A. It encourages sexual activity (Sex with many partners -promiscuity) B. Abstinence should be promoted 1. It is 100 percent effective 2. Sex is not for teenagers 11.
Reasons for providing teenage girls access to birth control A. Easy access to birth control makes sex safer 1. Prevention of unwanted pregnancies 2. Decreased incidence of abortions B. Reduces the likelihood for the cycle of poverty to continue 1. Shielded from further poverty 2. Having a baby is costly 3. Obtain high school diploma C. Reduces health risks associated with teenage pregnancy 1. Protection from STDs 2. Lack of prenatal care 3. Anaemia, high blood pressure and placental problems 4. Emotional trauma such as depression, stress, shame and guilt 5.
Low birth rate/premature births of foetus Birth control access to teenage girls Although teenage girls are prohibited from purchasing birth control, laws should be implemented to allow access to birth control as a means of managing safer sex, preventing the health risks and guarding them from the cycle of poverty. Currently, teenagers below the legal age of consent, that is 16 years, do not have access to birth control. According to the Allan Guttmacher institute, it is estimated that nearly 850,000 teenagers in the U. S still get pregnant each year and the vast majority is unintended.
Indeed, teenagers are having sex and putting themselves at risk for serious problems. So which do we prefer, teenagers engaging in unprotected sex or teenagers practicing safe sex? I believe that allowing sexually active teenagers to access birth control would drastically lower unplanned pregnancies and other risks associated with unsafe sex. This should be in conjunction with proper counselling for effective use. The opponents of providing birth control to teens postulate that abstinence should be preached to teenagers rather than safe sex.
According to Valerie Huber, executive director of the National Abstinence Education Association, when it comes to teen sex, public policy should encourage risk avoidance through abstinence rather than risk reduction through conceptive use. In addition, the Catholic Church has opposed artificial contraception, preaching abstinence to unmarried individuals, as far back as one can historically trace. Of course, abstinence is ideally the best method as it is 100 percent effective and I do believe that teenagers should be taught that this is the best choice that they could make.
But, will all teens make this choice? I would say that this is not possible and definitely not probable. According to the National Survey of family growth, National Center for Health Statistics, about 10 percent of 12 year olds, 40 percent of 16 year olds, and about 80 percent of 19 year olds have had sex. This is the frightening reality and the reason why easy access to birth control would protect their interests and their future. In addition, opponents present the perception that birth control would encourage sexual activity among teenagers.
Many people mistakenly assume that access to birth control would promote promiscuous behaviour. Contrary to popular belief, birth control would not increase sexual activity among teenagers. According to an article titled Emergency birth control for teens, Dr. Caccia likens this to having airbags in the car by insisting that “they do not make people drive recklessly. ” Moreover, Tom Farley, New York City’s health commissioner concedes that, “It shows that when you make condoms and contraception available to teens, they don’t increase their likelihood of being sexually active. But they get the message that sex is risky. They begin to see sex as a sensitive issue that should be taken very seriously because it involves life-changing consequences. Additionally, a study published in the Journal of Adolescent Health found that teaching about contraception and making them available to teenagers was not associated with increased risk of sexual activity as many abstinence-only supporters have insisted. Therefore, the availability of birth control along with education about it does not increase sexual activity but informs teenagers to practice good decision-making for their bodies and their future.
The opponents of birth control to teens overlook the fact that providing birth control to teenage girls would make sex much safer. Certainly, the unsteady rate of teenage pregnancies would decrease. In previous times, girls between the ages of 16-17 would get pregnant unintentionally. However, in this era, 13 and 14 year old girls are having babies-teens who are completely unprepared to give birth and raise a child. In these instances, if the child is not given up for adoption, the responsibility usually becomes that of the parents.
In addition, when teenagers are protected from unwanted pregnancies the number of teen abortions taking place each year could be reduced significantly. According to Guttmacher. org, some states in the U. S have reported that 50 percent of pregnant teens receive an abortion. Not only is this a costly procedure, but it is also physically and emotionally painful. Moreover, opponents fail to examine the fact that access to birth control could insulate teenage girls who are from low-income families from a cycle of poverty.
Teen mothers are less likely to complete high school or college and are therefore less likely to find well-paying jobs. An article entitled ‘Teenage Pregnancy and Poverty’ reports that the children of unmarried teen mothers who do not receive a high school diploma are 9 times more likely to grow up in poverty than the children of adult mothers who have a high school diploma. Additionally, only around 20 percent of fathers of children born to teen mothers marry the mothers (Teen pregnancy, poverty and income disparity). Thus, a prevalence of single parent families is the sad result.
Therefore, the availability of birth control to teenagers would definitely ensure they completed their education and are able to find good employment. Furthermore, teenage girls should be allowed to receive birth control because teen pregnancy poses unique medical risks for both mother and child. The use of condoms can protect them from a range of sexually transmitted diseases such as syphilis and AIDS. Pregnant teens are also at risk of not getting adequate prenatal care because of the shame and guilt they feel. Prenatal care is essential because it screens for medical problems in both mother and the baby.
In addition, pregnant teens are also at a higher risk of getting anaemia, placental problems and high blood pressure than pregnant women in their 20s and 30s (Teen pregnancy: Medical Risks and Realities). The article also reveals that teenage pregnancy increases the likelihood of premature births as well as low birth weight of the baby. Pregnant teens may also develop many emotional problems such as depression and anxiety. These are the serious issues that opponents out rightly ignore and pretend that teen sex will go away.
Indeed, it will not go away, which is why birth control is very important and critical in eliminating all those health risks that sexually active teens could face. In conclusion, teenagers are engaging in sexual activity whether we want to believe it or not. If they get pregnant at such an early age or contract a sexually transmitted disease they will have to face this decision and live with the consequences for rest of their lives. So, why not provide them access to birth control along with proper counseling to allow them to protect themselves?
If we implement laws to allow access to birth control then the number of unwanted pregnancies will definitely decrease as well as the number of teen abortions. The health risks will also be eliminated and their economic futures will be secured. Opponents should be applauded for promoting abstinence for teenagers, but they are not being realistic since they ignore all the startling evidence. Further evidence from the Allan Guttmacher Institute (2002) reveal that 86 percent of boys, ages 15-17, had engaged in intercourse in the past year and 47 percent had engaged in intercourse in the past month.
References http://www. guttmacher. org/media/nr/2005/01/18/ (tom Farley) http://thinkprogress. org/health/2013/02/04/1539041/nyc-teen-pregnancy-drop/? mobile=nc http://thinkprogress. org/health/2013/02/11/1568311/teen-birth-rates-plunge/? mobile=nc (national center for health statistics) http://misacor-usa. org/index. php/teenage-pregnancy-and-poverty teenage pregnancy and poverty Teen Pregnancy, Poverty & Income Disparity, The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy http://www. webmd. com/baby/guide/teen-pregnancy-medical-risks-and-realities.
Cite this Birth Control Access to Teens
Birth Control Access to Teens. (2016, Sep 16). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/birth-control-access-to-teens/