Brazil Cultural and Geographical Facts

Brazil is the largest country in South America and the fifth largest country in the world. It represents almost half of South America. It borders every country in South America except Chile and Ecuador. Brazil’s immense size and population contribute to a variety of culture, environmental wildlife, ethnic groups, and an abundant of natural resources. The Brazilian Indians were the first inhabitants of Brazil. Historians express that their were two to five million Indians living in the region before the arrival of the Portuguese. Today there are less than 200,000.

The first Portuguese explorers arrived in Brazil in 1500. During this period Brazil became the first great plantation society in the Americas. Slaves contributed most of the labor during the first agricultural movement of this era in the production of sugar and coffee Encyclopedia On September 7, 1822, Brazil claimed it’s independence from Portugal with a peaceful resolution without bloodshed. The Portuguese royal family ruled as emperors until 1889. Since 1889 Brazil has been a republic and have been under two periods of dictatorship. The first reign of dictatorship was during the years 1937 through 1945 and the last occurring in the years 1964 and ending in 1985.

Academic anxiety?
Get original paper in 3 hours and nail the task
Get your paper price

124 experts online

Forests cover 65 percent of Brazil’s territory and includes the world’s largest tropical rain forest in the Amazon River basin. The forest accounts for 30 percent of the world’s total woodland and 104,031 varieties of wildlife (mammals, insects, birds, amphibians, fish, etc.). The Amazon Basin also accounts for the world’s largest river, the Amazon River.

Brazil has mostly a tropical climate. Northern Brazil has mostly wet atmospheric conditions. The average temperature for the region is 77 degrees and it has an average rainfall of 90 inches per year. The southern part of Brazil has subtropical climate. The average temperature for the region is 68 degrees and it has an average rainfall of 60 inches annually Land is a significant natural resource for Brazil because it allows the country to produce many different types of crops and livestock The rain forest produces not only timber, but also many other types of products such as rubber, palm oil, charcoal, and Brazil nuts. Brazil is the sixth most populous country in the world with a population over171 million and a growing rate of 1.16 percent annually (1999 est.)

The population consist of Native American, European, and African ethnic groups. Industrialization has caused a population shift to urban areas such as Rio De Janeiro, the Federal District, and Sao Paulo. As industrialization increases in Brazil, the population will continue to shift to urban areas. The Roman Catholic religion is the most dominate denomination in Brazil representing 70 percent of the total population.

Portuguese is the official language of Brazilians although there are some regional variations in pronunciation and jargon. The education system in Brazil is very poor. Almost all children between the ages 7 to 14 attend primary school but the number of individuals in secondary school are reduced by more than half. The female gender represent 57 percent of total students in secondary schools. Continuing education mostly depends on the social class with which one is associated Encarta Encyclopedia Brazil has the eighth largest economy in the world which dominates the region.

It accounts for almost half of the continents total output. Brazil is the most industrialized nation in South America and it is the world’s largest producer of coffee, oranges, and bananas. Although the economy is unstable, the economy continues to recover from recession and economic turmoil Brazil own large and well-developed agricultural, mining, manufacturing, and service areas. The ability to control most of these industries allows the economy of Brazil to have the upper hand in South America and the ability to expand in world markets. Periodic world recessions, the oil crises of 1973 and 1979 , the accumulation of high debt, and periods of rapid inflation have contributed to slow the development process in Brazil.

The unstability of Brazil’s economy is very important in connection to the U.S. economy. Experts proclaim if U.S. exports to Brazil decrease, it could end a period of growth in the U.S. economy. In 1994 the government of Brazil designed and implemented a strategic economic policy to stabilize the economy.

The Real Plan, or Plano Plan, created a new currency, the real, and formed other policies to reduce inflation without wage deductions or price freezing. The Real Plan reduced inflation by 45 to 50 percent every month in early 1994 and a rate of 1 to 2 percent over the next two years. Encyclopedia Encarta web site]. In 1999, Brazil’s GDP was $976 billion. The GDP/per capita stood at R$6100 or U.S.$3437.

The exchange rate is R$1.79 compared to the U.S.$1.00 The unemployment rates stand at 7.6 percent (1998 est.) and inflation stands at 8.4 percent (1999 est.)  Latin-Focus web Brazil’s exports mostly iron ore, soybean bran, orange juice, footwear, coffee, motor parts, and automobiles. Latin America(28%), the United States(20%), and Argentina(12%) are Brazil’s major export partners. Brazil imports a variety of different products. It imports mostly crude oil, capital goods, chemical products, food, and coal. The European Union(26%), the United States(22%), Argentina(13%), and Japan(5%) are its major import partners CIA World Brazil prohibits the entry of poultry and poultry products from the United States.

Brazil also will not allow imports of live sheep from the United States because of scrapie, a viral disease derived from sheep. It prevents imports of beef that have been treated with anabolic hormones but it will allow beef imports from the United States on a waiver basis. Brazil requires an import license for almost every product. The import license can be easily acquired within five days because the licenses are primarily used for statistical analysis.

The In the last twenty years, Brazilians have been moving and setting up in the savannahs of Metro Grosso which has been only established for fifteen years and turned the state into the country’s largest producer of soya and cotton. Soya products have surpassed coffee to become one of Brazil’s most exported crops(5.7 billion in 1997). Dante de Oliveira, the state’s governor, hopes that the increase in the production of cotton will attract a textile industry. Britannica web Living conditions of Brazil are also improving due to the breaking down of social barriers. People are now moving from their hometowns to different cites(two out of five Brazilians have moved) and states(one out of five have moved).

The reduction of inflation and better trading policies have now caused Brazil to start looking for a more valuable and stable economic future. Tourism in Brazil is beginning to increase. The improvement of infrastructure and the police force has attracted more tourist. The major tourist attractions are the beaches of Rio de Janeiro, the Amazon rain forest, and the historic cities of Bahia and Minas Gerais. The Carnaval festival is the most popular event that keeps growing every year. Tourist beware! Although the crime rate has decreased over the past few years, tourist should be aware of heavily populated areas. Rio de Janeiro continues to have high crime rates.

The types of crime that occur most frequently in the city are street thefts by the main beaches. Sao Paulo has high crime rate in most every part of the city. Armed robbery of tourist at stoplights and theft in public facilities are the most frequent offenses. If tourist take the proper precautions and stay alert, the chance of assaults will be greatly reduced [Consular Information Brazil’s large size and population contribute to many factors for it’s success .

Although Brazil has suffered economically and politically in the past, it seems it might be on the proper path to becoming one of the worlds most economically successful countries. It has a very diversified culture and geographic regions which provides many attractions for tourist. Brazil is far from becoming an economic superpower, but with time and patience it may surprise it’s critics.


  1. Destination Brazil web site, < >, June 10, 2000.
  2. Encarta Encyclopedia web site, < >, June 10, 2000.
  3. Lamiar web site, < www. >, June 10, 2000
  4. CIA World Factbook web site, , June 10, 2000.
  5. Latin – Focus web site, < >, June 12, 2000.
  6. The Economist magizine article, , June 14, 2000.
  7. Encyclopedia Britannica web site, <,5744,67384, 00.html >, June 20, 2000.
  8. Consular Information web site, < >, June 20, 2000.
  9. BBC News web site, < 503.stm >, June 20, 2000.
  10. The Brazilian Embassy web site, < >, June 20, 2000

This essay was written by a fellow student. You may use it as a guide or sample for writing your own paper, but remember to cite it correctly. Don’t submit it as your own as it will be considered plagiarism.

Need a custom essay sample written specially to meet your requirements?

Choose skilled expert on your subject and get original paper with free plagiarism report

Order custom paper Without paying upfront

Brazil Cultural and Geographical Facts. (2018, Jun 23). Retrieved from