British vs American Words - Language Essay Example

There are many British words which are different to American words - British vs American Words introduction. For example:
• A lorry is a slimmer truck.
• A lift is an elevator.
• A fortnight is two weeks.
• A chemist is a person who works in a drugstore.
• A dual carriageway is a freeway.
Lisa and Sofia Efthymiou, an American mum and daughter, have listed below a few of the differences between British and American words. Visit also our Glossary of British Words
We have arranged the words in categories to make viewing easier for school work. | British and American Vocabulary | |Clothes |Parts of a Car | |At School |In and around the House | |On the Road |People | |Buildings / Shops |Sport | |Let’s Eat! |Other Words | |British and American Spellings |Test Yourself |

Clothes
In the UK, we would be embarrassed if people saw our pants. why? | British English | American English | |Trousers |Pants | |Pants / Underwear / Knickers |Underwear / panties | |Jumper / Pullover / Sweater / |Sweater | |Jersey | | |Pinafore Dress
|Jumper | |Vest |Undershirt | |Waistcoat |Vest | |Wellington Boots / Wellies |Galoshes | |Mac (slang for Macintosh) |Rain Coat | |Plimsolls |Gym Shoes | |Trainers |Sneakers | |Braces |Suspenders | |Suspenders |Holds up stockings | |Dressing Gown |Robe | |Nappy |Diaper | |Pinny / Apron |Apron | |Polo Neck |Turtle Neck | |Dressing Gown |Bath Robe | |Swimming costume / Cozzy |Bathing Suit |

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At School

“Stop mucking around and get on with your work,”
shouted the teacher to two students who were off task.
| British English | American English | |Friend / Mate |Friend | |Rubber |Eraser | |Maths
|Math | |Public School |Private School | |State School |Public School | |Holiday |Vacation | |School dinner |Hot Lunch | |Staff Room |Teachers Lounge | |Plimsolls |Gym Shoes | |”Mucking Around” / Off Task |Off Task / Fooling Around / | | |”Goofing Off” | |Play Time / Break Time |Recess | |Open Day / Open Evening |Open House | |Marking Scheme |Grading Scheme | |Drawing pins |pushpins or thumbtacks |

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On the Road

In the UK, we drive slowly over sleeping policemen.
Are we afraid of waking them up?
| British English | American English | |Sleeping Policeman /speed bump |Speed bump | |Car park |Parking Lot | |Car Journey / drive |Road Trip | |Zebra Crossing / Pedestrian Crossing |Cross Walk | |Lollipop Man or Lady
|Crossing Guard | |Motorway |Freeway | |Traffic Jam / Tailback |Traffic Jam | |Lorry |Truck | |Articulated Lorry |Tractor Trailer / | | | Trailer Truck | |Petrol |Gas / Gasoline | |Pavement |Sidewalk | |Petrol Station |Gas Station | | |Dumpster | |Skip | | |Diversion |Detour | |Fire Engine |Fire Truck | |Phone Box |Telephone Booth |

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Buildings / Shops

| British English | American English | |Semi-Detached House |Duplex | |Flat (one storey) appartment |Apartment | |Terrace (row of houses joined) |Town House | |Chemist |Drug Store / Druggist | |Cafe / Caff (not 24 hrs) |Diner
| |Bungalow |House (one story) | | | Ranch House |

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Food

Are you Peckish? (Are you Hungry?)
What’s for afters? Have you had your pudding yet?
Are you feeling peckish (hungry)?
That food looks very scrummy (delicious)
| British English | American English | |Biscuit / Bickie |Cookie | |(A cookie is a large biscuit) | | |Scone |Biscuit | |Fairy Cake |Cup Cake | |Courgette |Zucchini | |Sweets |Candy | |Sausage / Banger |Sausage | |Crisps |Chips | |Chips |French Fries | |(French Fries in McDonald’s) | | |Starter |Appetizer | |Puddings / Afters / Dessert / |Dessert
| |Sweets | | |Jacket Potato / Baked Potato |Baked Potato | |Jam |Jelly or Jam | |Jelly (a dessert in th UK) |Jell-o (flavoured gelatin) | |Aubergine |Eggplant | |Sandwich / Butty / Sarny |Sandwich | |Ice lolly |Popsicle | |Bill (at restaurant) |check | |Grill (oven grill) |Broil (oven broil) | |Food / Grub / Nosh |Food | |Rasher |A slice of bacon | |Eggy bread (fried) |French Toast | |Runner beans |Green beans | |Soldiers (We dip soldiers in our soft boiled eggs) |Finger sized slices of toast. | |Take-away |Take out | |Flapjacks in England are oats mixed with honey and/or golden syrup and baked then cut into slices. sometimes raisins are added | |to the mixture. |

Find out more:
• about the food we eat in England and in the rest of the UK • about British Slang words
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Parts of a Car

| British English | American English | |Bonnet |Hood | |Windscreen |Windshield | |Boot |Trunk | |Reversing lights |Back-up lights | |Exhaust pipe |Tail pipe / Muffler |

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In and around the House

I watch the telly whilst lying on the settee.
Whilst is used in British English. It is another word for while | British English | American English | |The Toilet / Loo / The John / |Bathroom / Restroom | |Bog / WC / Visiting the little boys (little girl’s room).| | |Bathroom – the room where the bath is. If you asked us for the bathroom we will think you want to have a bath! | |Tap |Faucet | |Garden |Backyard / Yard | |Wardrobe |Closet | |Bin / Dust Bin |Trash Can | |Telephone / Blower / Phone |Telephone | |Television / Box / Telly/ TV |TV / Television | |Cooker |Range or Stove | |Couch / Sofa / Settee
|Sofa | |Hand Basin / Sink |Sink | |Run the bath |Fill the tub |

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People

| British English | American English | |Girl / Lass |Girl | |Boy / Lad |Boy | |Man / Bloke / Gentleman / Guy / |Man / Guy | |Chap | | |Lady / Woman |Lady | |Policeman / Bobby / Copper |Policeman / Cop | |Postman |Mailman | |Dustman |Garbage Man | |Friend / Pal / Chum / Mate / | | |Buddy |Friend / Buddy | |Cashier |Teller | |Lollypop Man |Crossing Guard | |Nutter |Crazy Person | |Mum / Mummy / Mom |Mom |

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Sport

| British English | American English | |Football |Soccer | |Rounders |Baseball | |Bat (table tennis) |Paddle (ping pong) |

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Other Words

| British English | American English | |Torch |Flashlight | |Plaster |Band-Aid | |Autumn |Fall | |Bank Holiday |National Holiday | |Lift |Elevator | |Queue |Stand in a Line | |There’s a queue. |There’s a line. | |Quid (slang for pound) |Bucks | |Surgery |Doctor’s office | |Trodden on |Stepped on | |I’m knackered |I’m Beat | |Kip / sleep |sleep | |Nick |steal | |Wireless / Radio |Radio
| |Starkers / naked |Naked | |Come round |Come over | |Off you go |Go ahead | |It’s gone off |It’s spoiled | |Lady bird |Lady bug |

Test yourself
British vs. American English Words
British vs. American English Vocab
British vs. American English Spelling

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