Changes And Events Leading To The Immigration Essay

Act Of 1924 Essay, Research Paper

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Changes and Events taking to the Immigration Act of 1924

Although there are many different and complex grounds to why the Immigration Act of 1924 was passed I will concentrate on the construct of eugenics that was present before this act and besides the general ill- sentiment towards immigrants and racism taking up to the passing of this act - Changes And Events Leading To The Immigration Essay introduction. The deductions of the National Origins Act ( Immigration Act ) will besides be discussed as they pertained peculiarly to Asians and southeasterly Europeans. The major victory of the advocators of eugenics was the Immigration Act of 1924. Eugenicss was a large ground why Asians and these southeasterly Europeans weren? T wanted or allowed into the state. The ground for this was because of the popular belief, even the belief of popular sociologists at the clip, that the Mediterranean Europeans were morally inferior compared to the northern Europeans. The terminal of World War I was a period when racism was on a rise because of the nationalism and trueness that native American? s felt at the clip. At this clip immigrants were non popular because of the fact that they were driving out the white labour.

The thought of eugenics was a popular one in the early 1900? s, which finally lead to the Immigration Act of 1924. Eugenics is an thought that may sound absurd, but it was a popular belief among nativists and is and thought expressed by some popele in today? s society. There are different types of eugenics, but the type that was used to sort immigrants was based largely on physical features that were thought to be low-level. It was really a popular belief that many of the southern and eastern Europeans were physically distorted in some ways, such as braincase deformation and asymmetrical faces, which automatically made them inferior. The turning popularity of the impression of eugenics is apparent in some of the statute law that was passed at the clip. The mark of eugenics was on all immigrants coming into the state, but the Gjerde readings discuss a batch about the dissent towards southern Europeans and depict how their inferior features meant that they would somehow foul the American blood stream or something to that nature. With the passing of the Immigration Act of 1924 the protagonists of the thought of eugenics received the support they wanted from federal statute law.

The general attitude of the nativist American people towards immigrants was a racist attitude. I discussed how eugenics dealt with southern and eastern Europeans, but at that place was another group that was effected by the alterations and events taking up to the act. Asiatic in-migration was non looked upon really extremely by the nativists. The Immigration Act of 1917 was the beginning of the cleft down on Asiatic in-migration into the United States since the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882. The commissariats of this act were the literacy trials and the designated Asiatic Barred Zone, which blocked off in-migration for much of eastern Asia. After World War I the popularity of trueness and nationalism rose to a new high. Along with explosion in trueness and nationalism came bias and racism. As a consequence, immigrants were looked upon as a menace. A alteration that the Congress made as a consequence of this was seting quotas on immigrants depending on where there place land was. The general deductions of the National Origins Act will be discussed subsequently. A cardinal tribunal instance to look at taking up to the act was the Thind vs. the United States instance. Thind was an Asiatic Indian. The determination of this instance sums up the general attitude if nativists towards Asiatic immigrants in peculiar and shows how white domination was in full consequence. In the Gjerde readings about this instance it tells us that? Caucasic? was the same thing a? white individual? before the Thind instance. Thind claimed he was Caucasian, which meant he was eligible for citizenship. Many Americans rejoiced when he

wasn? t given his citizenship and many others had there? s taken off because of the opinion. This shaping of? white? and racial unfairness is a cardinal event taking up to the Immigration Act of 1924.

Congress? constitution of quotas happened before the National Origins Act was really passed, but the quotas after the act were more placating to certain immigrants. The immigrants from northern and western Europe were given better quotas mostly because of the impression of eugenics. E.A Ross in the Gjerde reading provinces, ? They [ southern Europeans ] merely look out of topographic point in black apparels and stiff neckband, since clearly they belong in teguments, in wattled huts at the stopping point of the Great Ice Age. ? This racism and bitterness towards southeasterly Europeans was a popular sentiment. The quotas helped out the northwesterly Europeans as they were looked upon as desirable because of such grounds as E.A Ross says: ? subject, sense of responsibility, and consideration for the weak? ? Although the National Origins Act wasn? t bad for immigrants coming from Britain, Germany, and Ireland the quotas for states such as Russia and Italy were cut back. This was all because of the idea that the Northerners were more desirable because of the stereotyping towards the Southerners in Europe.

These deductions of the Immigration Act of 1924 hit Asians the hardest. This act shut off virtually all Asiatic in-migration into the state because of all of the other Acts of the Apostless that restricted Asiatic in-migration. It was really obvious that Chinese were non wanted into the state and particularly into California. The statement by James G. Blaine sums up the popular sentiment of Chinese at the clip, ? You can non work a adult male who must hold beef and staff of life, alongside a adult male who can populate on rice. ? Another, and perchance the biggest, ground that nativists wanted Chinese to halt migrating to their state was the fact that they were taking the occupations and driving out the white labour. It? s about as if there was a fright that the Asians were traveling to acquire a house clasp on the state. The passing of the Immigration Act and all that in entails shows that the nativists were non willing to lose the competition for race domination in the United States.

There were several alterations and events in American society that led finally to the 1924 Immigration Act. Some of these alterations were the rise of the thought of eugenics. Eugenics fundamentally means that a certain ethnicity is inferior to another largely because of physical features and familial make-up. Some events in American society that took topographic point were World War I, Immigration Act of 1917, and the Thind instance. World War I caused many nativist Americans to hold more nationalism and trueness to their state. This made much of them feel threatened by immigrants. The Immigration Act of 1917 increased the categories of aliens in the United States. The cardinal deductions of this were the fact that there were literacy trials and the creative activity of the Asiatic Barred Zone. The importance of the Thind instance at this period in clip is that it changed the impression that Caucasic and white are the same thing. One must be white to acquire citizenship harmonizing to this instance. This brought mayhem to many immigrants who already had citizenship. All of this and more finally led to the National Origins Act in 1924. There were deductions for both Europeans and non-Europeans. The quota was decidedly against the southern Europeans because of the impression of their lower status placed upon them by the thought of eugenics. Asians in-migration to the United States was in kernel wholly stopped with the transition of this act. The chief ground for this was because of the labour they were taking off from the white nativist. During this clip period it was unsmooth traveling if you were an immigrant because of all the limitations, stereotypes, and maltreatment that you would travel through merely to hold nice topographic point in American society.


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