Chapter 10: Drinking Alcohol Responsibility
-80% passes through the lining of the upper third of the small intestine.
-The concentration of the alcohol; quantity consumed; amount of food in stomach; pylorospasm (spasm of the pyloric valve in the digestive system); your metabolism, weight, and BMI; and your mood all affect the absorption of alcohol.
-Wine/beer absorbed slowly than distilled beverages.
-Champagne/ carbonated drinks absorbed rapidly.
-more alcohol you consume, the longer it takes to absorb it. Alcohol irritates digestive system.
-Carbonated beverages cause valve to relax and empty the stomach contents more rapidly.
-High intakes of alcohol cause pyloric spasms that prevent the stomach contents from emptying.
-If the irritation continues, it can cause vomiting.
-Those mixed alcohol with energy drinks (AMEDS) also report not noticing the signs of intoxication (dizziness, fatigue, headache, and trouble walking).
-more likely to experience alcohol-related consequences, which include being taken advantage of, riding with a drunk driver, being hurt or injured, or needing medical treatment
-despite differences among individuals, alcohol produces some general behavioral effects depending on the person’s BAC
-heavier people have larger body surfaces through which to diffuse alcohol; therefore, they have lower concentrations of alcohol in their blood than thin people after drinking the same amount
-Women have half as much alcohol dehydrogenase, the enzyme that breaks down alcohol in the stomach before it reaches the bloodstream and the brain, as men.
-In learned behavioral tolerance, a person learns to modify his or her behavior in order to appear sober despite a high BAC.
-Drinking leads to dehydration and headache. Drinkers may suffer symptoms that include the “morning-after” effects.
Alcohol irritates the gastrointestinal system.
-Excessive drinking can lead to a hangover.
-Congeners play a role in the development of hangovers.
-Alcohol use plays a significant role in the types of injuries people experience.
-Alcohol influences one’s ability to make good decisions about sex because it lowers inhibitions.
-Alcohol is a key factor in many rapes and in domestic violence.
-Alcohol contributes to weight gain; the freshman 15.
=Alcohol use plays a significant role in the types of injuries people experience.
Alcohol influences one’s ability to make good decisions about sex because it lowers inhibitions.
Alcohol is a key factor in many rapes and in domestic violence.
Alcohol contributes to weight gain; the freshman 15.
Alcohol, used either alone or in combination with other drugs, can lead to alcohol poisoning (also known as acute alcohol intoxication).
-Alcohol, used either alone or in combination with other drugs, can lead to alcohol poisoning (also known as acute alcohol intoxication).
-Alcohol affects the cardiovascular system.
-One of the most common diseases related to alcohol abuse is liver disease:Cirrhosis and Alcoholic hepatitis
-Alcohol is considered a carcinogen; that is, it can lead to cancer.
-Alcohol abuse also leads to: Inflammation of the pancreas, Interference with immunity, Affects sleep, Blocked absorption of calcium
-FAS, partial fetal alcohol syndrome (PFAS), and alcohol-related neurodevelopment disorder (ARND) are all classified as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs). An estimated 40,000 infants in the United States are affected by FASDs each year.
-About 40% of all college students engage in heavy episodic (binge) drinking.
-A significant number of students experience negative consequences as a result of their alcohol consumption.
-35% of students report having done something they regret after drinking.
-Unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death among 18- to 24-year-olds, and alcohol is the leading contributor to those deaths.
-Consumption of alcohol is the number one cause of preventable death among college students.
-Many college functions support the use of alcohol.
-Alcohol advertising and promotion target students.
-College students are vulnerable to peer influence.
-Drink specials enable students to consume large amounts of alcohol cheaply.
-College administrators often deny that alcohol problems exist on their campus.
-Students believe that alcohol will make them feel better, less stressed, more sociable, and less self-conscious.
-More than 80 percent of students drink alcohol to celebrate their twenty-first birthday, and they consume an average of nearly 13 drinks
-Recent studies confirm that drinkers and binge drinkers cause problems not only for themselves but also for those around them.
-There is significant evidence that campus rape is linked to binge drinking as well as sleep disruptions, vandalism, negative academic consequences, etc.
-Programs that include cognitive behavior skills training and motivational interviewing have proven to be effective.
-(BASICS) as an effective program for students who drink heavily and have experienced or are at risk for alcohol-related problems.
-E-Interventions and web interventions also show promise
-Schools are trying a “social norms” approach in an effort to reduce alcohol consumption.
-Approximately 1 of 3 crash deaths, or nearly 11,000 fatalities each year, are alcohol-related.
-A recent survey showed that 23% of college students reported that they had driven under the influence of alcohol.
-Data indicates that about 15 percent of people in the United States are problem drinkers.
-Recognizing and admitting the existence of an alcohol problem is often difficult
Alcoholism is 4 to 8 times more common among individuals who have a family history of alcoholism.
-Social and cultural factors: Social pressure, Family attitude toward drinking
-Women become addicted faster with less alcohol.
-Women alcoholics have greater risks for cirrhosis; excessive memory loss and shrinkage of the brain; heart disease; and cancers of the mouth, throat, esophagus, liver, and colon than do male alcoholics
-Children in alcoholic dysfunctional families generally assume at least one of the following roles:
-Most people with alcohol problems are employed. It is estimated that alcohol problems contribute to 500 million lost workdays annually.
-A recent study suggests that underage drinking costs society $62 billion annually or $2,070 per underage person.
-Family members sometimes take action before the alcoholic does. Intervention is an effective method of helping an alcoholic to confront the disease.
-Treating an addiction requires more than getting the addict to stop using a substance; it also requires getting the person to break a pattern of behavior that has dominated his or her life.
-Many alcoholics refer to themselves as “recovering” throughout their lifetime rather than “cured.”