Chemistry 2202 Practice Exam Essay

DO NOT OPEN THE EXAMINATION PAPER UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD BY THE SUPERVISOR TO BEGIN Chemistry 2202 FINAL EXAMINATION June 2010 Value: 100% General Instructions This examination consists of two parts. Both parts are contained in this booklet and further general instructions are provided on appropriate pages. Part I – Multiple Choice (40%) Select the letter of the correct response from those provided.

EITHER shade the letter on your computer scorable card OR place the letter in the blank provided on your Multiple Choice Answer Sheet, whichever format is being used by your school for this exam. Do ALL questions in this section. Part II – Constructed Response (60%) Answer ALL questions fully and concisely in the space provided. Student Checklist The items below are your responsibility. Please ensure that they are completed. Write your name and teacher’s name on the top of this page. Write your name, teacher’s name, course name and number on the Part I answer sheet. Check the exam to see that there are no missing pages.

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ALL MATERIALS MUST BE PASSED IN WITH THIS EXAM. Use your time wisely. Good luck! Part I- Multiple Choice Total Value: 40% 1. Carbon-12 and carbon-14 are isotopes of carbon. How are these isotopes different? (A) (B) (C) (D) number of electrons number of neutrons number of photons number of protons 2. How many atoms are in 1. 00 mol of beryllium? (A) (B) (C) (D) 9. 01 22. 4 6. 02 x 1023 1. 20 x 1047 3. Which isotope has 52 protons and 75 neutrons? (A) (B) (C) (D) Rhenium – 75 Rhenium – 127 Tellurium – 52 Tellurium – 127 4. What is the molar mass of Al2(SO4)3? (A) (B) (C) (D) 214. 17 g/mol 278. 03 g/mol 342. 7 g/mol 450. 09 g/mol 5. What is the percent composition of water in Plaster of Paris, (CaSO4)2 • H2O? (A) (B) (C) (D) 6. 207% 13. 81% 33. 09% 93. 79% Page 1 Chemistry 2202 June 2010 6. Gas filled glass tubes are used as lighted store signs. A purple sign contains 19% argon, 3% helium, 21% neon, and 57% xenon. Which gas is the solvent? (A) (B) (C) (D) argon helium neon xenon 7. Which is the most concentrated solution? (A) (B) (C) (D) 1. 23 mol/L 5. 83 mol/L 7. 60 mol/L 8. 00 mol/L 8. Which has high solubility in water? (A) (B) (C) (D) AgBr AgNO3 Ag2S Ag2SO4 9. Which defines an electrolytic solution? A) (B) (C) (D) bright colored conducts electricity conducts heat contains excess solute 10. A 500. 0 mL container of homogenized milk is 3. 50% (m/v) fat. How much fat is in this container of milk? (A) (B) (C) (D) 1. 75 g 17. 5 g 1. 43 x 102 g 1. 43 x 104 g Chemistry 2202 June 2010 Page 2 11. Sodium chloride, NaCl(s), crystals are added to an existing sodium chloride solution. The crystals settle at the bottom of the container without undergoing a change in mass. Which describes the original solution? (A) (B) (C) (D) monounsaturated saturated supersaturated unsaturated 12.

A lab technician prepares a dilute solution of hydrochloric acid. If 50. 0 mL of 2. 50 mol/L hydrochloric acid is added to 450. 0 mL of water, what is the new concentration? (A) (B) (C) (D) 0. 250 mol/L 0. 278 mol/L 3. 60 mol/L 4. 00 mol/L 13. What is the correct dissociation equation for iron (III) sulfate? (A) (B) (C) (D) Fe2(SO4)3 (s) Fe2(SO4)3 (s) Fe2(SO4)3 (s) Fe3+ (aq) Fe3+ (aq) 2 Fe3+ (aq) 3 Fe2+ (aq) + SO42- (aq) + SO42- (aq) + 3 SO42- (aq) + 3 SO42- (aq) Fe2(SO4)3 (s) 14. If 6. 76 mol of Fe(s) reacts with excess O2(g), how many moles of solid product should be formed? 4 Fe (s) + 3 O2 (g) (A) (B) (C) (D) 3. 8 mol 5. 07 mol 9. 01 mol 13. 5 mol 2 Fe2O3 (s) 15. What volume does 22. 2 g of chlorine gas, Cl2 (g), occupy at STP? (A) (B) (C) (D) 7. 01 L 14. 0 L 35. 8 L 71. 8 L Page 3 Chemistry 2202 June 2010 16. A chemist completes a chemical reaction in the laboratory; 2. 34 g of product are recovered. What does this mass represent? (A) (B) (C) (D) actual yield percent difference percent yield theoretical yield 17. A candle completely burns in air until there is no wax left. Which term best describes the wax? (A) (B) (C) (D) actual yield excess reagent limiting reagent theoretical yield 18. If 0. 69 mol of nickel are recovered in an experiment and the theoretical yield is 0. 556 mol, what is the percent yield? (A) (B) (C) (D) 48. 4% 51. 6% 55. 6% 207% 19. Which substance has the highest melting point? (A) (B) (C) (D) CO2 CH3Br PH2F ZnO 20. Which element has the highest electronegativity? (A) (B) (C) (D) Cl F H O Chemistry 2202 June 2010 Page 4 21. How many valence electrons does a sodium atom possess? (A) (B) (C) (D) 1 2 8 11 22. According to the VSEPR theory, what is the shape about the central atom with three bonding groups and one lone pair? (A) (B) (C) (D) bent pyramidal tetrahedral trigonal planar 3. What is the shape around the central atom in SiHF3? (A) (B) (C) (D) bent linear pyramidal tetrahedral 24. What happens when a bond between hydrogen and oxygen atoms is broken? (A) (B) (C) (D) energy is absorbed to break the bond energy is released to break the bond energy is transferred from hydrogen to oxygen energy is transferred from oxygen to hydrogen 25. Which is an intramolecular force? (A) (B) (C) (D) covalent bond dipole-dipole force hydrogen bonding London dispersion force Chemistry 2202 June 2010 Page 5 26. Which is non-polar? (A) O H H H (B) Cl Cl C Cl Cl (C) Cl Cl C Cl (D) H Cl 27.

Which substance has hydrogen bonding force? (A) (B) (C) (D) CH4 (l) HI (l) H2S (l) NH3 (l) 28. How is diamond, C(s), classified? (A) (B) (C) (D) ionic metallic network covalent polar covalent 29. What characterizes the attraction in an ionic bond? (A) (B) (C) (D) attraction between momentary dipoles attraction by ions for dipoles attraction involving cations and anions attraction of a nucleus to an electron pair Chemistry 2202 June 2010 Page 6 30. Which compound will dissolve in carbon tetrachloride, CCl4? (A) (B) (C) (D) CO2 HI H2O NH3 31. Which bond has the least ionic character? (A) (B) (C) (D) H-C H-F H-N H-P 2. What property of carbon accounts for the fact that over 90% of all known compounds are organic? (A) (B) (C) (D) four bonding electrons high natural abundance on Earth presence in many polyatomic ions small molar mass 33. Which compound is classified as organic? (A) (B) (C) (D) CsCN H2CO Na2CO3 NH2Cl 34. Which is a hydrocarbon? (A) (B) (C) (D) methanal methanamide methane methanol Chemistry 2202 June 2010 Page 7 35. Which is a structural isomer of 2-hexyne? (A) (B) (C) (D) 36. Which term represents a process that uses heat, in the absence of air, to break large hydrocarbon molecules into smaller molecules? A) (B) (C) (D) fractional distillation hydrocarbon cracking reforming substitution 37. Which represents a ketone? O (A) H3C C NH2 O (B) H3C C O O CH3 (C) H3C C O CH3 (D) H3C C OH Chemistry 2202 June 2010 Page 8 38. What is the name of this compound? H3C H3C CH2 C CH3 C CH (A) (B) (C) (D) 3,3-dimethyl-1-pentyne 3-ethyl-3-methyl-1-butyne 3,3-dimethyl-1-ethyl-1-propyne 2-ethyl-2-methyl-3-butyne 39. Which pair could be used to produce octyl ethanoate? (A) (B) (C) (D) ethanol and octanoic acid heptanol and ethanoic acid octanol and ethanoic acid octanol and methanoic acid 40.

Reacting water with ethyl propanoate produces an alcohol and propanoic acid. What product is formed if this alcohol is heated in the presence of concentrated sulfuric acid? (A) (B) (C) (D) H3C H3C H3C H2C CH3 CH2 CH CH2 CH3 CH2 Chemistry 2202 June 2010 Page 9 Part II- Constructed Response Total Value: 60% Answer All questions in the space provided. All necessary workings must be shown to receive full marks Value 3 41. (a) Data was collected on three isotopes of a newly discovered element, Novium. Calculate the average atomic mass. Isotope Name Novium-272 Novium -276 Novium -280 Percent Abundance (%) 70. 9 17. 71 11. 60 Atomic Mass (amu) 271. 853 275. 985 279. 859 3 (b) Calculate the number of molecules of propanoic acid (C2H5COOH) in a 3. 45 g sample. Chemistry 2202 June 2010 Page 10 4 41. (c) A compound’s molar mass is 283. 88 g/mol. Its percentage composition is 43. 64% P and 56. 36% O. Determine the molecular formula for this compound. 4 (d) A student prepared 1. 500 L solution of KMnO4. (i) Using the data in the table, calculate the concentration of the solution. Mass of KMnO4 + vial Mass of empty vial 15. 6 g 10. 4g Chemistry 2202 June 2010 Page 11 3 41. (d) (ii)

List the steps and equipment required to prepare the solution in part (i). 3 (e) Calcium chloride, CaCl2, dissociates to form calcium and chloride ions. CaCl2 (aq) Ca2+ (aq) + 2Cl- (aq) Calculate the mass of CaCl2 required to produce 4. 0 L of solution that has a chloride ion concentration of 0. 26 mol/L. Chemistry 2202 June 2010 Page 12 3 41. (f) Calculate the volume of hydrogen gas, H2, required to produce 154 g of ammonia, NH3, at STP. (Molar mass of NH3 = 17. 04 g/mol) N2 (g) + 3 H2 (g) 2 NH3 (g) 4 (g) By calculation, determine the limiting reagent in the reaction below. AgNO3 (aq) + CaCl2 (aq) 75. 0 mL 1. 25 mol/L 75. 0 mL 0. 775 mol/L 2 AgCl (s) + Ca(NO3 )2 (aq) Chemistry 2202 June 2010 Page 13 42. 2 (a) For the molecule H2CO: (i) Draw the Lewis Dot Diagram. 2 (ii) Draw the VSEPR shape diagram and provide the name of the shape around the central atom. 2 (iii) Is H2CO a polar molecule? Explain. 3 (b) Use Lewis dot diagrams to show the formation of the ionic compound barium nitride from atoms of barium and nitrogen. Chemistry 2202 June 2010 Page 14 3 42. (c) Explain using bonding theories why sodium metal bends when struck with a hammer while sodium chloride shatters.

Support your answer with a labeled diagram. (d) Two molecular substances have identical molecular formulas, C2H6O, but different physical and chemical properties. Different structures are suspected. (i) Sketch a possible structural diagram OR Lewis diagram for each compound. 2 3 (ii) Which of your diagrammed molecules should have the higher boiling point? Explain by identifying the intermolecular forces in each substance. Chemistry 2202 June 2010 Page 15 43. 2 (a) Draw a structural diagram for each compound. (i) 3-ethyl-4-methyl-1-hexene 2 (ii) butylethyl ether 2 (iii) 2,3-dimethyl-1-pentanol 4 b) In Reaction 1 of an experiment, 2-butanol undergoes an elimination reaction to produce isomers A and B. In Reaction 2, isomers A and B are exposed to excess chlorine and products C and D are formed. Draw and name structures for each chemical produced (A, B, C, and D). Chemistry 2202 June 2010 Page 16 43. (c) Give the IUPAC name for the following structures. CH3 CH3 H3C CH C CH2 CH2 CH CH2 CH3 2 (i) Name: ____________________________________________ 2 (ii) Name: ____________________________________________ Br I 2 (iii) Name: ____________________________________________ Chemistry 2202 June 2010 Page 17

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