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Child and Young Person Development

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    Task A

    Table 1 Physical Development

    Age Range
    Description of the stage
    Impact on other development
    0-3 months
    Head and eyes move together
    Kicks legs and waves arms
    As the babies begin to recognise people around them this has an impact on their emotional development as they can become distressed when people are not around. 3-6 months
    Sits with support
    Rolls over
    Uses arms for support when lying
    At this stage any activities will have an impact on their intellectual development as they become aware of the different activities they do. 6-9 months
    Sits alone without any support
    May crawl or shuffle
    Babies at this stage are able to crawl, sit without much support and therefore becoming more familiar with it surroundings and hence it has an impact the on child’s social development. 9-12 months

    Lifts blocks
    Enjoys self feeding
    Uses index and middle finger
    At this stage the child is now learning how to use their hands as a way of communicating by gesturing with their hands and fingers therefore this type of activity has impact on their on their communication development. 1-2 years

    Stands alone
    Can walk alone
    Can use a spoon
    At this stage they are learning social conventions such as sharing and manners through interaction with other children, this impacts on their social development. 2-4 years
    Can a kick a ball confidentially
    Run and hops
    Brush own teeth

    At this stage they are more mobile and confident through independent activities unaided and this has a direct impact on behavioural development. 4-7 years
    Accurately uses scissors
    Controls pencils in a small area
    Enjoys playground activities
    At this stage their communication development is expanding through the child confidence in communication with adults and its peers 7-12 years
    Improves physical
    Puberty starts at 10 for girls

    As they notice physical changes an the social impacts it will have an impact on their behavioural development as they grown in confidence and independence

    12-16 years
    Changes to their body at the onset of puberty and growth
    At this growth-stage the intellectual and behavioural are impacted as they start to take keen interest in specific subject matters and become more increasingly affected by society activities 16-19 years

    Body shape is changing rapidly and boys in particular sometimes have poor spatial awareness because of this. As the child is maturing and reaches early adulthood they live more independently and do more activities by themselves and has impacts on their social, emotional, behavioural, intellectual, and communication development

    Table 2 Intellectual development

    Age Range
    Description of the stage
    Impact on other development
    0-3 months
    Can recognise their mother’s smell and her voice. Will stop crying when they hear a familiar voice. At this stage they are communicating with adults with different types of cries, it also has an impact on their physical development as they are able to lift their head, look around whilst lying on their tummies. 3-6 months

    Puts everything in mouth
    Watches toys fall from from hand within range of vision
    At this stage they are able to grasp objects and show their emotion by smiling. This has impact on their communication development. 6-9 months
    Looks in correct direction
    Puts everything in mouth
    This impacts their physical and social development as they are now able to sit up unaided and also feel distressed when left alone and with strangers. 9-12 months
    Recognises familiar people
    Drops toys
    As they are able to sit up unaided and expand on their play this will have an impact on their physical development 1-2 years
    Points to parts of the body
    Points to interesting objects
    The impact area for growth are social and emotional development as they are now able to do activities by themselves and easily become frustrated or angry if they are cannot do it. 2-4 years
    Copies circles and crosses
    Matches two or three primary colours
    Paints with large brush
    At this stage children are now forming small sentences and some by the age of
    four are able to hold decent conversations 4-7 years
    Colours pictures neatly
    Counts unto 20 by rote
    By this stage they show independence and confidence through learning and forming their ideas, they are also more emotionally developed. 7-12 years
    Becomes more creative
    More confident in reading and writing

    They are more sociable and tend to enjoy playing games with their own age-range. They also imitate adult behaviour. 12-16 years
    Developing to think abstractly

    Goes through physical changes at this age, as this happens they become more mature, and as they begin to show interest and skills in different subjects as their confidence grows through communicating effectively with adults. 16-19 years

    High level of skills now – for example can use computers. Can become very skilled with IT and be more knowledgeable than some adults. They are peaking in their social, behaviour, emotional and physical as they are able to make more independent choices for themselves.

    Table 3 Communication development

    Age Range
    Description of the stage
    Impact on other development If communication does not develop as expected for 0-3 years, this 0-3 months
    Cries for basic needs
    Becomes quiet and turns head towards the sound of the rattle near the head By interacting with their parents through crying this will impact on their social development. 3-6 months
    Makes singsong sound
    Laughs and chuckles
    As they enjoy chuckling and giggling this will impact on their social and
    emotional development 6-9 months
    Imitates adult vocal sounds
    Understands ‘no’ and ‘bye-bye’
    At this stage if the baby is not understood and does not recognise familiar faces can become upset and distressed and can impact a child’s behavioural development. 9-12 months
    Knows own name
    Understands simple messages
    As their fine motor skills are developing they now use both hands and also can feed themselves and climb. This will impact on physical development 1-2 years
    Uses two word linked together
    Joins in with nursery rhymes
    They can be easily become frustrated by not getting what they want and throwing minor tantrums. This may also affect their emotional, social and behavioural development. 2-4 years
    Can be understood with strangers
    Enjoy repeat of favourite stories
    As they expand on their play ad communicate more with other children this will impact on a child social development. 4-7 years
    Speech is fluent
    Enjoys jokes and singing
    As they begin to read books rapidly and understand how a sentences are formed this will have an impact on their intellectual development 7-12 years
    Speak fluently and describe complicated happenings
    Vocabulary will grow
    As they learn work jointly this will impact on their social development. 12-16 years
    Reading and writing skills are good.
    Negotiation skills
    As they become more confident in their speech and learn to be expressive this also aid them to learn adult traits that will impact on their behavioural and social development 16-19 years
    Converse like adults
    Use of modern technology
    This will have an impact on their social and intellectual development, as the transition from school to higher education or full-time employment. They will have to interact with unfamiliar people and conduct like adults.

    Table 4 Social, emotional and behavioural development

    Age Range
    Description of the stage
    Impact on other development
    0-3 months
    Imitates facial expression
    Social smiles
    At this stage they are able to show emotion to their parents and it impacts on their communication development. 3-6 months
    Seeks attention
    Uses comfort object
    As they start to notice their own bodies through usage of play with their hands, turning heads and rolling over this will have an impact on their physical development 6-9 months
    Shows stranger anxiety
    Recognises familiar and unfamiliar faces
    There will signs of happiness and distress depending on whom the child has contact with which will impact on their communication development 9-12 months
    More demanding and assertive
    Temper, tantrums may start

    Through activities and repetitive play the child will learn how thinks will work and will impact on intellectual development. 1-2 years
    Shows stranger shyness
    Starts toilet training
    This stage their gross and fine motor skills are developing as the child learns to things for themselves and will impact on their physical development 2-4 years
    Remains egocentric
    Plays alongside others
    As they start to learn the basic social protocols this will impact on their intellectual and communication development. 4-7 years
    Becomes engrossed in activities
    Plays in separate sex groups
    As the grow in confidence to read and write and learn to behave in society this has affect on the child communication development. 7-12 years
    Concern of thoughts of others about them
    Friendship becomes very important
    At this stage they develop their own identity in learning to be confident in their own abilities that impacts on their physical development. 12-16 years
    Body changes can upset self-esteem
    Peer pressure
    As they go through puberty and physiological changes this may affect their physical and social development. 16-19 years
    Responsible for their own behaviour
    Make decisions about their future.
    Aware of their own sexuality.
    As their body matures and experiences sexuality this will affect their physical, social, emotional and behavioural development

    Task B

    Type of Influence
    Give ONE example of the effect on children and young people’s development Why recognising and responding to this is important
    Religious background
    Recognising the importance of religious differences is to help everyone to be respectful and tolerant and learn from each other. Health
    It’s important to recognise the symptoms of meningitis and not get them confused with the symptoms of another illness, as soon as the symptoms are shown immediate medical attention. Responding quickly to the symptoms and contacting the medical services makes the chance of the illness becoming
    more severe Environment

    Family history, dispute, abuse etc.
    It is very important to identify this as it can impact how a child adapts to learning environment. Issues at home can also affect the child emotionally and sociably. It may make the child intimidated interact with other people due to fear of arguments being started. Responding to this also important as you need to find away to make the child feel comfortable so they can regain interactions with other’s.

    Task C

    Transition experienced by MOST children and young people
    Example of possible effect on children and young people’s behaviour and development From crawling to walking
    Gradual development on child physiology, strong awareness of what they are doing Nursery/Pre-school to Primary School
    Going to nursery opens up there social & intellectual development as they are socialising with other children but are also learning new skills Developing New Skills
    By developing new skills, they are able to develop skills that not only help them later in life but they may also learn that they are more gifted are certain things.

    Transition experienced by SOME children and young people
    Example of possible effect on children and young people’s behaviour and development Death in the family
    The child or young person may suffer from a long period of depression with loss of interest in daily activities and events. Parents Divorcing
    Going to nursery opens up there social & intellectual development as they are socialising with other children but are also learning new skills Violence/Abuse
    A child or young person who is going through the divorce of there parents is likely to feel a sense of rejection which could affect them later in life.

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