Civilization and Savagery: A Growing Struggle
Civilization and savagery are totally opposites. Mass societies usually engaged to chaos and ill structured societies; while organized and well leading societies are more engaged to be civilized and ordered. To be civilized means to have rules that control over all, to be attached to specific laws, to stick to those laws and to be aware of your surroundings. On the other hand, to be barbarian indicates to have fewer rules, less control over all, and in some cases to go over those rules and to break them.
In “Lord of the Flies” cruelty and savagery which are parts of human’s nature, has been left alone to roam the entire island. This happened when civilization began shrinking and diminishing. W. Golding tries to express the need for adults and for civilization in order to maintain the evil, cruel beast in all of us. Within the novel, he presented many conflicts, man vs. man, man vs.
nature, etc. but the basic conflict was between civilization and savagery. The conflict between civilization and savagery in Lord of the Flies is used to reinforce the transformation from civilized and ordered boys to savage and barbarian boys.
Civilization is usually reflected by order, rules, authority and law. Any civilized society has to have rules to control over all it, and since the beginning of the novel Golding shows this when the boys first need for a leader arise. To select a leader they have to put some rules at first. Therefore they weren’t able to talk at the same time, and to have this done Ralph suggested using the “conch” as a right giver to speech. “That’s what this shell’s called. I’ll give
the conch to the next person to speak. He can hold it when he’s speaking.” (Golding p.36) At first, they used the conch as an instrument for who could speak and who has to listen, here,
it’s obvious that they still have some order from their English nature; the conch they’ve used represents their civilized nature. In.
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