Combating terror and organized crime Essay

Abstract

Organized crime and terrorism in global dimensions have been a serious worry of all nations - Combating terror and organized crime Essay introduction. World-class criminal syndicates date back in dominance in the United States of America upon the onset of the Mafia which was actually imported from Italy on the initiatives of Cosa Nostra elements. On the other hand, international terrorism has its origins in the dynamics of ideological extremism and deeply-rooted religious orientation. Using ideology or religion, or impressing that ideology or religion is the primordial consideration, terrorists attack and kill or sow intense threats and develop an atmosphere of fear in worldwide proportions. If one or the other is reason enough to be afraid and to become paranoid, the combined forces of both will be hardly imaginable. A careful study and a sense of awareness are warranted under such circumstances.

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Combating Terror and Organized Crime

In a hearing of the subcommittee on crime of the committee on the judiciary of the United States Congress on December 13, 2000, Representative Bill McCollum of Florida expressed the view that organized crime and terrorism, as well as drug trafficking, are three separate serious problems and threats to American law and order. In open session, he further opined, however, that the independent treatment of each of the three concerns is no longer the present reality.  It has already become apparent that organized crime and drug trafficking are in convergence with terrorism. In short, as crime experts have recently suggested, perpetrators of organized crime and terrorism are already acting in joint orchestration with one another. This convergence is gaining ground into becoming a global phenomenon and will become new significant challenges to law enforcers and national security policy makers. (Threat Posed by the Convergence of Organized Crime, Drug Trafficking, and Terrorism. Hearing. US Congress Sub-Committee on Crime. Committee on the Judiciary. December 13, 2000. [internet])

            Criminal acts started as early as man. However, the evolution of crimes must have taken much time for the process. Banditry, for instance, developed as men thought of the idea that working as a group of thieves and robbers was more convenient and effective than doing things individually and separately. It is claimed that ancient professions or vocations related to criminal activities were done in cohorts among those in government power, landowners and businessmen. (Woodiwiss, Michael. Organized Crime and American Power: A History. Bibliochat. Because Books are Interesting. [internet]) Hence, the old Mafia gang organization had the involvement not only of the criminal syndicate members themselves but also of merchants and of state authorities. It is logically self-explanatory. Thus, a cigarette shop owner who needs a supply of the stuff that he desires to sell at a higher profit margin resorts to smuggled goods. How does he do that?  He buys from a smuggling syndicate who is connected to the police and other government authorities.

            On the other hand, terrorism was a practice which began very early in history. Roman emperors banished rebelling communities, executed disobedient subjects and expropriated properties to themselves in order to crush at first instance and opportunity any person or group of persons who would potentially oppose their rule. In the USA, the Ku Klux Klan was established to sow grave fear among the supporters of the Reconstruction movement. (History of Terrorism. terrorismfiles.org. [internet.]) It is common knowledge that terrorists nowadays connived with other criminals for reasons of access or accommodation or whatever. Thus, terrorists deal with illegal gun dealers for new weapons or supply of ammunitions.

            There are many steps being undertaken by individual states and territories to fight the twin and intertwined problems of terrorism and organized crime. For instance, the United States of America and the United Kingdom have their treaties and bilateral agreements anent actions against organized crimes and terrorism. In the global landscape, the International Criminal Court has been established. (Bruggeman, Dr. W. The ICC as an Important Partner in Enhancing Global Justice. January 27, 2005. International Summit on Democracy, Terrorism and Security. [internet])

            Toward an objective view at collecting and collating relevant data and information to facilitate a helpful research on the merging of global terrorism and organized crime, a series of interviews is needed among police officers assigned to posts dealing with terror and organized crimes like drug trafficking, smuggling and gun-running. Three such police officers each from two cities may be fine. Interview among two groups (of say three members from each) in the underworld may also be necessary, prospectively those involved in drug use and selling, prostitution or white slavery and illegal possession of guns, and smugglers. These interviews will render grass-roots level supply of information for analysis in the research.

            All interviews must be done in the field for reliability and credibility and must be conducted in the respective areas of activities of the interviewees.

            The interviews must be categorized according to the following variables: (1) religious orientation, (2) affluence and (3) ethnicity.

            Explanation for religious orientation: One with a Muslim or Islam background who has become a member of a terror network will always have his bias and prejudice against US interests.

            Explanation for affluence: A young teen-ager engaged in white slavery or prostitution may be explained by his acute penury or severe poverty.

            Explanation for ethnicity: A cop of Jewish blood will always have a tendency to be anti-Arab and will be expected to be zealous in his anti-terror police functions.

References

Bruggeman, Dr. W. The ICC as an Important Partner in Enhancing Global Justice. January 27,

            2005. International Summit on Democracy, Terrorism and Security. [internet])

            Accessed July 20, 2009. Available at:

            http://english.safe-democracy.org/confronting/the-icc-as-an-important-partner-in-

            enhancing-global-justice.html

History of Terrorism. terrorismfiles.org. [internet.])  Accessed July 20, 2009. Available at:

            http://www.terrorismfiles.org/encyclopaedia/history_of_terrorism.htmlterrorismfiles.org.

Threat Posed by the Convergence of Organized Crime, Drug Trafficking, and Terrorism.

            Hearing. US Congress Sub-Committee on Crime. Committee on the Judiciary. December

            13, 2000. [internet]) Accessed July 20, 2009. Available at:

            http://commdocs.house.gov/committees/judiciary/hju68324.000/hju68324_0.htm

Woodiwiss, Michael. Organized Crime and American Power: A History. Bibliochat. Because

            Books are Interesting. [internet]) Accessed July 2009. Available at:

            http://www.bibliochat.com/title/QDLDB0SYJNJDAXQ

            enhancing-global-justice.html

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