Confucianism Essay

As a ruler I would be most inclined to follow Confucianism because it is not so much a religion in a traditional sense, but a set of rules for human interaction - Confucianism Essay introduction. It is a system of social ethics concerned with the formal, external aspects of life. Conf

ianism is humanism, a philosophy or attitude that is concerned with human beings, their achievements and interests, rather than with the abstract beings and problems of theology. In Confucianism man is the center of the universe: man cannot live alone,

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ut with other human beings. For human beings, the ultimate goal is individual happiness. The necessary condition to achieve happiness is through peace. To obtain peace, Confucius discovered human relations consisting of the five relationships which a

based on love and duties. War has to be abolished: and the Great Unity of the world should be developed.

Confucius did not intend to found a new religion, but to interpret and revive the unnamed religion of the Zhou dynasty, under which many people thought the ancient system of religious rule was bankrupt; why couldn’t the gods prevent the social up heavel

The burning issue of the day was: If it is not the ancestral and nature spirits, what then is the basis of a stable, unified and enduring social order? The dominant view of the day was that strict law and statecraft were the bases of sound policy. C

fucius, however believed that the basis lay in the Zhou religion, in its rituals. He interpreted these not as sacrifices asking for the blessings of the gods, but as ceremonies performed by human agents and embodying the civilized and cultured patterns

f behavior developed through generations of human wisdom. They embodied , for him, the ethical core of Chinese society. Moreover, Confucius applied the term “ritual” to actions beyond the formal sacrifices and religious ceremonies to include social ri

als. He saw these time-honored and traditional rituals as the basis of human civilization, and he felt that only a civilized society could have a stable, unified and enduring social order.

There was another side of Confucianism. Confucius not only stressed social rituals but also humanness (ren). Ren, sometimes translated to love or kindness, it is not any one virtue, but its the source of all virtues. A ritual performed with ren has n

only form, but ethical content; it nurtures the inner character of the person, furthers his or her maturation. If the “outer” side of Confucianism was conformity and acceptance of social roles, the “inner” side was cultivation of conscience and charac

r. Cultivation involved broad education and reflection on one’s actions.

As a ruler I would find Confucianism to be very attractive because it provides a philosophical framework for an orderly society. Confucianism is human centered and concerned with relations among people. The authority of the ruler is not derived from r

igion therefor religion does not compete with the state as a source of authority. Because Confucianism emphasized conformity with social roles, it would reinforce the social hierarchy which would place me as the ruler at the top. So Confucianism not o

y provided a rational for the rulers authority it also enforced it. Confucianism would also be attractive to a ruler because it could co-exist with already existing religions. It would not be necessary to repress existing religions, which would create

nstability during already unstable times. Instead the adoption of Confucianism would require the education of individuals to an out look on life and patterns of behavior which would lead to an orderly society, and reinforce the authority of the ruler.

In choosing a school of though for my dynasty to follow, I would want a philosophy that would enable me to still have control over the people, yet the people can still live in the harmony that they seek, because Confucianism instills in individuals a se

e of self-worth that is derived from conformity to the social order, it achieves both goals.

Confucianism Essay

\As a ruler I would be most inclined to follow Confucianism because it is not so much a religion in a traditional sense, but a set of rules for human interaction. It is a system of social ethics concerned with the formal, external aspects of life. Conf ianism is humanism, a philosophy or attitude that is concerned with human beings, their achievements and interests, rather than with the abstract beings and problems of theology.

In Confucianism man is the center of the universe: man cannot live alone, t with other human beings. For human beings, the ultimate goal is individual happiness. The necessary condition to achieve happiness is through peace. To obtain peace, Confucius discovered human relations consisting of the five relationships which a based on love and duties. War has to be abolished: and the Great Unity of the world should be developed. Confucius did not intend to found a new religion, but to interpret and revive the unnamed religion of the Zhou dynasty, under which many people thought the ancient system of religious rule was bankrupt; why couldn? the gods prevent the social up heavel

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The burning issue of the day was: If it is not the ancestral and nature spirits, what then is the basis of a stable, unified and enduring social order? The dominant view of the day was that strict law and statecraft were the bases of sound policy. C fucius, however believed that the basis lay in the Zhou religion, in its rituals. He interpreted these not as sacrifices asking for the blessings of the gods, but as ceremonies performed by human agents and embodying the civilized and cultured patterns f behavior developed through generations of human wisdom.

They embodied, for him, the ethical core of Chinese society. Moreover, Confucius applied the term ? ritual? to actions beyond the formal sacrifices and religious ceremonies to include social ri als. He saw these time-honored and traditional rituals as the basis of human civilization, and he felt that only a civilized society could have a stable, unified and enduring social order. There was another side of Confucianism. Confucius not only stressed social rituals but also humanness (ren). Ren, sometimes translated to love or kindness, it is not any one virtue, but its the source of all virtues.

A ritual performed with ren has n only form, but ethical content; it nurtures the inner character of the person, furthers his or her maturation. If the ? outer? side of Confucianism was conformity and acceptance of social roles, the ? inner? side was cultivation of conscience and charac r. Cultivation involved broad education and reflection on one? s actions. As a ruler I would find Confucianism to be very attractive because it provides a philosophical framework for an orderly society. Confucianism is human centered and concerned with relations among people.

The authority of the ruler is not derived from r igion therefor religion does not compete with the state as a source of authority. Because Confucianism emphasized conformity with social roles, it would reinforce the social hierarchy which would place me as the ruler at the top. So Confucianism not o y provided a rational for the rulers authority it also enforced it. Confucianism would also be attractive to a ruler because it could co-exist with already existing religions. It would not be necessary to repress existing religions, which would create nstability during already unstable times.

Instead the adoption of Confucianism would require the education of individuals to an out look on life and patterns of behavior which would lead to an orderly society, and reinforce the authority of the ruler. In choosing a school of though for my dynasty to follow, I would want a philosophy that would enable me to still have control over the people, yet the people can still live in the harmony that they seek, because Confucianism instills in individuals a se e of self-worth that is derived from conformity to the social order, it achieves both goals.

Confucianism Essay

Confucianism

Confucianism was derived from the name of its founder K’ung Fu Tzu or more widely known as Confucius in English - Confucianism Essay introduction. K’ung Fu Tzu traces his roots from the state or province of Lu in China. Lu is now known as modern day Shantung.  (Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance)

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Born in 551 BCE, he lived during the Chou Dynasty. The era of the Chou Dynasty was known as the time wherein the Chinese were very much negligent of their moral values.   (Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance)

K’ung Fu Tzu became one of the proponents of moral ascendency of that era. He would travel to the many states of China and share his wisdom and give counsel to many of the country’s rulers. Confucius’ writings and teachings were mostly about  moral graces and ethics. China’s many political leaders benefited much from his wisdom on the exercise political power.   (Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance)

Among Confucius’ fundamental philosophies are the following. Li or giving importance to rituals and etiquette; Hsiao or love for the family: love of parents for their children and of children for their parents; Yi or righteousness; Xin or honesty and trustworthiness; Jen, considered as the highest Confucian virtue, benevolence, humaneness towards others; and Chung or loyalty to the state.  (Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance)

Buddhism

Very little is known about the life of Buddha. No books or writings about his life were produced during his lifetime. However, popular belief was that he hailed from Lumbinī, Nepal, near the foothills of the Himalayas. He was born Siddhãrtha Gautama.  Buddhism is widely practised in India, China and the Himalayas. (Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance)

The date of his birth is also highly debated. Theravada Buddhists estimate that he was born around 623 or 624 BCE. Religious historians approximate that his birth date ranges from 567 to 487 BCE. According to modern scholars his birth was around 420 to 502 BCE.(Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance)

Among the cornerstones of Buddhism include philosophies on life and the world, suffering, the nature of Reality, and Liberation. Some of the most popular concepts of Buddhism include, but are not limited to karma, rebirth, the four Noble Truths and Nirvana.  (Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

Shintoism

Shintoism is the religion that is native to Japan.  It believes that man should live a simple and harmonious life with nature and people.  (Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

The Shinto spirit has has four affirmations namely, tradition and family, love of nature, physical cleanliness and matsuri or any festival dedicated to the Kami or spiritual essence. Followers of Shintoism believe that every living and nonliving thing has a Kami or a spirit.  (Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

Shinto has no historical founder. Its origins lie in the prehistoric religious practices of the Japanese people. Shinto gives only one command, which is to  It gives only one command, which is to be loyal to one’s ancestors. (BELIEVE Religious information source website)

Works Cited

BELIEVE Religious information source website. Shintoism, Shinto. 7 September 2008. 2 January 2009 <http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/shintois.htm>.

Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance. A brief overview of the live of Buddha. 27 August 2007. 2 January 2009 <http://www.religioustolerance.org/buddhism5.htm>.

—. Confucianism: Founded by K’ung Fu Tzu . 12 July 1995. 2 January 2009 <http://www.religioustolerance.org/confuciu.htm>.

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Buddhism. 30 December 2008. 2 January 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddhism>.

—. Shinto. 29 December 2008. 2 January 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shinto>.

 

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