Cortez’s conquest of the Aztecs Essay

There were many factors that led to Cortez’s conquest of the Aztecs. The first factor to the conquering of the Aztecs are the weapons and horses Cortez’s army used. The second factor of Cortez’s Conquest is siding with the Indians. The last factor in the conquering of the Aztecs is the Aztec belief that Cortez was a god. Without the underlying factors, Cortez would not have defeated the Aztec empire of 5 million people. Cortez was chosen to be a captain of an expedition to Mexico in 1518. On February 1519, Cortez sailed to Mexico to start his expedition. The expedition started on Good Friday.

When Cortez got to Mexico, he learned the Aztecs had a capital and were hated by Indian tribes. With only a small number of troops, Cortez’s army defeated an empire of about 5 million people. The first factor for Cortez conquering the Aztecs was the weapons and horses. He sailed with 553 soldiers and 16 horses. With his 553 soldiers, they only had a total of 13 handguns and 32 crossbows. With facing an empire of 5 million, guns and horses had a major effect because the Aztecs didn’t have any firepower. Cortez’s second factor for conquering the Aztecs was siding with the Indians.

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Before fighting the Aztecs, Cortez encountered the Tlaxcalans, an Indian tribe. Cortez won the battle and the Indians decided to join his army against the Aztecs. Aztecs were prepared to attack first but, Cortez got information from the Indians. If it wasn’t for Cortez persuading the Indians to join his army against the Aztecs, the Aztecs could have attacked first and won the battle. If the Aztecs attacked first, some of Cortez army would of died and they would had only couple hundred of people left. The last factor for conquering the Aztecs was the belief that Cortez was a god.

Cortez was aided by an Aztec legend named Quetzalcoatl. He instructed Indians in agriculture, metallurgy, and government. To the Aztec leader, Montezuma, Cortez could be the god because Quetzalcoatl said he would revisit the Indians. Those are the three factors for Cortez conquering the Aztecs. There were many factors that led to Cortez’s conquest of the Aztecs. The first factor to the conquering of the Aztecs are the weapons and horses Cortez’s army used.

The second factor of Cortez’s Conquest is siding with the Indians. The last factor in the conquering of the Aztecs is the Aztec elief that Cortez was a god. Without weapons and horses, siding with the Indians, and belief that Cortez was a god. Elizabeth I’s 45 year reign is considered one of the greatest in English history. First, Elizabeth reign is one of the greatest in English history because of economic prosperity. Second, her reign has great literary flowering. Lastly, the rise of England to be first among naval powers makes her reign one of the greatest in English history. Her forty-five year reign was marked with economic prosperity, great literary flowering, and the rise of England to first rank among the world’s naval powers.

The first reason Elizabeth is considered one of the greatest in English history is economic prosperity. Elizabeth was cautious with finances. In the early years of Elizabeth’s reign, the financial condition was good. The conflict with Spain was costly. However, the country as a whole was more prosperous than when Elizabeth had taken office. The second reason why Elizabeth’s reign is considered one of the greatest in English history is great literary flowering. Her reign is considered the Golden Age. Some of greatest writers came from England like William Shakespeare. Elizabeth encouraged Shakespearean theatre over the local authorities.

She provided a financial subsidy to Shakespeare. There was no flourishing in music or painting than literary development. The third reason why Elizabeth’s reign is considered one of the greatest in English history is the rise of England to be first among naval powers. In the 1580s, war with Span began. King Philip II of Spain built a large fleet called the Spanish Armada to invade England. The Armada had about the same amount of ships as England. English sailors were better trained and the ships had better quality. The battle ended in 1588 in the defeat of the Spanish Armada.

England did not lose a single ship. As a result of England winning, they became the world’s leading naval power. Elizabeth I’s 45 year reign is considered one of the greatest in English history. First, Elizabeth reign is one of the greatest in English history because of economic prosperity. Second, her reign has great literary flowering. Lastly, the rise of England to be first among naval powers makes her reign one of the greatest in English history. Her forty-five year reign was marked with economic prosperity, great literary flowering, and the rise of England to first rank among the world’s naval powers.

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