CPR ALTERNATE ASSESSMENT Can you save a life? In an emergency, when every second is critical, would you know what to do? According to recent statistics sudden cardiac arrest is rapidly becoming the leading cause of death in America. Once the heart ceases to function, a healthy human brain may survive without oxygen for up to 4 minutes without suffering any permanent damage. Unfortunately, a typical EMS response may take 6, 8 or even 10 minutes. Performing CPR dramatically increases the survival chance while a person awaits the arrival of EMS.
CPR helps keep blood flow to the brain and heart and can be the crucial action that keeps a person alive. The skills needed to perform CPR can be learned by everyone. PART ONE: PRE-TEST ( 8 points ) Open a new web browser window and visit http://www. redcrossnca. org/quiz/cprquiz. php to complete the online self check to test your knowledge. In the center column below place the letter choice you selected. In the column on the right, mark the question you answered correct with a “C” and the answers that were incorrect with an “I”. For incorrect answers, also include the letter of the correct answer.
Question|Answer|“C” or “I”| 1. |a|I c| 2. |b|I c| 3. |b|I c| 4. |c|I b| 5. |a|i- e| 6. |c|I d| 7. |b|I c| 8. |b|c| 9. |c|I b| 10. |a|I b| PART TWO: Visit the Mayo Clinic’s website to learn the importance of and the steps in performing Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. Copy the following web address into a new web browser window: http://www. mayoclinic. com/health/first-aid-cpr/FA00061 . Answer the following questions. 11. What is the best method to learn CPR? ( 2 points ) Personal in person training. 12. Identify the CAB’s of CPR, AND describe the meaning of each letter below in a complete sentence. ( 9 points )
C – Circulation: Restore blood circulation with chest compressions. A – Airway: Clear the airway. B – Breathing: Breathe for the person. 13. Identify 4 differences in administering CPR to a child (ages 1-8 years) rather than for an adult. ( 8 points ) 1. If you’re alone, perform five cycles of compressions and breaths on the child — this should take about two minutes — before calling 911 or your local emergency number or using an AED. 2. Use only one hand to perform heart compressions. 3. Breathe more gently. 4. Use the same compression-breath rate as is used for adults: 30 compressions followed by two breaths.
This is one cycle. Following the two breaths, immediately begin the next cycle of compressions and breaths. 14. The most common cause of cardiac arrest in infants is due to the lack of oxygen. What are the two most common causes of lack of oxygen in infants? ( 4 points ) 1. Drowning 2. Choking 15. How do the rescue efforts differ when rescuing a baby if you are the only rescuer or if there is an additional rescuer? ( 4 points ) A. If you’re the only rescuer and CPR is needed, do CPR for two minutes — about five cycles — before calling 911 or your local emergency number.
B. If another person is available, have that person call for help immediately while you attend to the baby. 16. How does breathing for a baby differ from that of an adult or child? ( 3 points ) Babys breath less than an adult. PART THREE: Video instruction. View the following videos by opening a new browser window and visiting the website www. learncpr. org[->0]. After viewing each video, describe/summarize the steps one should follow when performing CPR on Adults, Infants and Children. Use complete sentences and include each step in the process.
Adult Summary ( 5 points ) Check response, call 911 if no response. Pump 30 times in the center of the chest between the nipples. Pinch the nose, completely cover the mouth, and blow twice so the chest rises. Continue with 30 pumps and two breaths until help arrives. Infant Summary ( 5 points ) Check for response if there is no response and someone else to call 911. Pump 30 times just below nipple line. Cover nose and mouth with your mouth blow twice so chest rises. Continue with 30 pumps and two breaths for 2 mins. Call 911. Children Summary ( 5 points )
Check for response and if someone else is present call 911. Pump 30 times in center of chest. Pinch the nose, completely cover mouth, and blow twice so chest rises. Continue with 30 pumps and two breaths for 2 mins. If no one has called 911 do so now. PART FOUR Choking Prevention http://www. webmd. com/a-to-z-guides/choking-rescue-procedure-heimlich-maneuver-overview A person who has a completely obstructed airway will not be able to talk, cough or breathe. To help prevent choking, there are a few safety measures we can employ. 1)List at least five ways to prevent choking. ( 5 points ) . Don’t drink too much alcohol before eating. It may dull your senses, and you might not chew food properly or might try to swallow too large a portion of food. 2. Take small bites. Cut meat into small pieces. Chew your food thoroughly 3. Do not give popcorn, nuts, or hard candy to children younger than 4, and supervise older children when they eat these foods. Cut hot dogs and grapes lengthwise. 4. Do not give young children small objects that may cause choking, such as marbles or jacks. 5. Keep balloons and plastic bags away from any child who may put them in his or her mouth.
Signs of Choking http://www. health. state. ny. us/environmental/cpr/docs/first_aid_choking. pdf 1. What is the universal sign for choking? ( 2 points ) Hands around neck. 2. In addition to the universal sign for choking, there are some other signs that indicate a person is choking. Please discuss three of them. ( 3 points ) A. person cant breath speak or cough. B. high pitched sounds when breathing. C. lips and nails become blue. Choking Rescue Procedure: The Heimlich Man euver http://www. health. state. ny. us/environmental/cpr/docs/first_aid_choking. pdf 1.
Describe the technique for giving the Heimlich maneuver for a conscious choking victim. ( 3 points ) A. Make a fist with one hand. B. Hold it with other hand against persons abdomen. C. Between naval and lower end of breast bone. 2. If a choking person becomes unconscious, what steps should be taken to secure them assistance? ( 5 points ) 1. Look for object and Tilt his or her head back. 2. Begin CPR 3. Look for object 4. Continue rescue breaths. Can You Save Yourself? Performing the Heimlich On Yourself http://www. webmd. com/a-to-z-guides/choking-rescue-procedure-heimlich-maneuver-choking-while-alone )If you are choking and are alone, you can perform the Heimlich maneuver on yourself. What are two possible ways that could be utilized to dislodge the obstruction in your throat? ( 4 points ) 1. Use fist to thrust yourself. 2. lean over back of chair and press hard. PART FIVE: ( 25 points ) Develop one of the following projects below to outline the steps followed in performing CPR on Adults, Infants and Children. Be sure to use your own words to create your project. If using information found on another website, remember to include the websites used. Just pick one project: Digital brochure ·Essay ·Digital poster ·Digital movie/slide show ESSAY: Many people die by choking each year. Learning to perform CPR can save many lives. There are a lot of people that don’t know how to perform CPR. I think everyone should be informed about this. They can save an innocent life and also their own life by knowing how to perform CPR. To perform CPR on an adult first you have to check if their choking. You can do this by asking them. Or you can do this by looking at the signs. If they are holding their neck, not speaking, not coughing, or breathing then they are choking.
After checking their response get someone to call 911 and pump 30 times in the center of the chokers chest. Pinch their nose and completely cover their mouth. Blow twice so the chest rises. And continue with 30 pumps and two breaths until help arrives. To perform CPR on an infant you first have to check if their actually choking. Check for response if there is no response and get someone else to call 911. Pump 30 times just below nipple line. Cover nose and mouth with your mouth blow twice so chest rises. Continue with 30 pumps and two breaths for 2 mins. Call 911 if no one was able to call 911 before.
To perform CPR on a children first check for response and if someone else is present call 911. Pump 30 times in center of chest. Pinch the nose, completely cover mouth, and blow twice so chest rises. Continue with 30 pumps and two breaths for 2 mins. If no one has called 911 do so now. CPR is important and you could help many people by knowing how to perform it. The following rubric will be used to assess your work file including all questions and your creation which demonstrates your knowledge of CPR: SCORING GUIDE: Superior 100% ·All parts of the assignment are complete. All answers are correct. ·Written explanations are clear, written in complete sentences, and fully answer the questions. ·Descriptions, information, and presentation are well labeled, appropriate and sensible. Good (minor flaws) 90-99% ·All parts of the assignment are complete. ·All work is shown and a majority of answers are correct. ·Written explanations are effective, with minor spelling errors. The student has fully answered the questions. ·Descriptions, information, and presentation are appropriate and sensible. Satisfactory (obvious flaws) 80-89% ·Most parts of the assignment are complete. Most work is shown and a majority of answers are correct. ·Written explanations contain minor spelling and grammatical errors. The student made an attempt to fully answer the question. ·Descriptions, information, and presentation are appropriate and sensible. Unsatisfactory (resubmit) 79% or below ·Assignment not complete. ·Answers are incorrect or no work is shown. ·Written explanations contain major spelling or grammatical errors. The explanation does not address the question. ·Descriptions, information, and presentation are not labeled, are inappropriate or not sensible.