Crime and Punishment
Crime for what, and punishment for whom? - Crime and Punishment introduction?? May happens in a park and maybe in a room! Maybe at night or afternoon, here or there or close to the moon. A man who makes a crime may be a tycoon or maybe just a vagrant without a small home. Now the problem is for what, for whom do a little vagrant or a tycoon want to be a prisoner or a dark moon? Making crimes comes as a result of many various things in life.
The first and the greatest one is called money as the old expression that says “Money is the root of all evil”, As many people who are in need of money makes different types of crimes just to gain that money, however it’s coming through a wrong way. The second one and the most popular in Egypt is revenge by neglecting the police since people try to fix their problems themselves. So, despite the payer, crime is called crime but in many different ways. Poor people make some small crimes because of money.
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They may steal people or may do hacking on the internet to gain what they want. Some of them used to be beggars, others were workers but non of them was born as a criminal. I don’t say they have the right to do this because they were born poor, but they have to work hard to gain money and respect. Well, poor people who have aim in life could be rich without a small crime, but hard work is needed. Not only poor people make crimes, but also rich people do so. Although they are already rich, they gather money through many ways against law.
They steal, murder and do many other crimes against humanity. They can make factories to gain money nonetheless they prefer to gather lots of money through some faster ways such as drugs trade. Rich people want to increase their wealth by making crimes instead of making useful projects. Crimes were extremely destructive in the middle ages due to many things. First, many people didn’t believe in God existence. Second, A huge numbers of them didn’t believe in morals at all. Third, civil wars were widespread all over the world.
People in the middle ages were seeking for food and shelter. So, they did every types of crimes to get food and shelter which are the most requirements for human being. People in the middle ages were really forced to make crimes in their hard era as there was no actual existence of law. Crimes exist too during the age of the industrial revolution as people contend for many different reasons like getting pieces of land to build huge factories or curettage agricultural pieces of land. They have also made many aggressive things to get what they need and to make what they want.
During this age, countries were internally corrupted because they were busy externally as a result of the first and the second world wars. So, during industrial revolution, corruption led to the appearance of plenty types of modern crimes. The 20th century also has many and various types of crimes. Some of them are old and well known for the police inspectors and the others are modern and its first appearance is in this age. However, there crimes exist in this age, It’s not as much as in the past due to the presence of the modern police systems that are able to decrease the average crimes happening in successive years.
I guess that the 20th century is full of joy and happiness as a result of decreasing the number of crimes since the governmental care is better than old ages. Non of the humans was born as a criminal. A criminal is the end product of bad conditions that turn a heart of a baby or a child full of happiness into a dark heart full of sadness. A calm person could turn to aggressive one because of those conditions that affect each and every person living on this earth. Some countries try nowadays to change those conditions surrounding especially poor and homeless people.
So, conditions are the main responsible for making such a criminal. Justice is a small word, but it has a great meaning as it play an important rule in crime and punishment. A judge has to take the balance as a standard before deciding the punishment of each criminal to be perfectly matched with his crime. Justice also make criminals be afraid of the punishment since there are some hard punishments as the penalty death. Such punishment make criminals think hundreds of times before doing any crime.
Well, justice is the only way to balance things as a set of crime and punishment. Small crimes have small punishments as justice works to do so. People who make small crimes are not like others who make great and dangerous crimes. The punishments of small crimes are small like the crimes themselves. A criminal of a small crime have to be sentenced to prison for months or just to pay money as a compensation or any other punishment according to the standpoint of the judge and the crime itself as justice takes place.
So, as a rule in life, ‘A small crime requires a small punishment’. On the other hand, huge crimes requires a strong punishment such as sentence to death. People who make destructive crimes have to be punished without caring about them. Huge crimes are almost represented in torture and murdering crimes. The punishment of such crimes is sentence to prison or sentence to death to make criminals afraid of making those crimes against human rights. I think that those persons with their dreadful crimes don’t have the right to live side to side with other peaceful people.
Global crimes are considered the most destructive crimes. One of the most global crimes that all people do is increasing the ozone hole as a result of the huge amounts of toxic gazes evolving from cars and factories. Second, the coming disaster that humanity would face which is human cloning that is considered a monster trying to destroy the human species. Some great countries are trying to put an end to the first problem, but the second is still getting wider and wider without a considerable action done by the governments of those civilized countries.
So, we need great punishments to put an end to those global crimes that would destroy the universe. Generally, crimes are considered the biggest problems in our daily life. All classes of people make crimes but non of them has the right to do this. Crime is a bad phenomena that appeared in all ages and till now. The punishments on these crimes are each according to its crime, in a way that makes criminals think carefully before doing crimes as they are afraid of the punishment. So, each crime has a punishment.
Crime and Punishment
CRIME AND PUNISHMENT ASSIGNMENT ORAL PRESENTATION Theories of Punishment Question – ‘What form of punishment should lawmakers seek to develop in Australia? - Crime and Punishment introduction?? ” Introduction Good morning class, today I will be talking to you about the 3 main forms of punishment and the form of punishment that lawmakers should seek to develop in Australia. The three justifications for punishment currently used in our society today are retribution, deterrence and rehabilitation.
Our society today uses these three forms of punishment attempting to lower crime rates Origins and overview of the three forms of punishment Retribution Retribution is the first of the three forms of punishment that I will be discussing. The theory of retribution is that the guilty should be punished for the harm they have caused within society. Retribution is defined as the most ideal form of revenge to make the offender suffer as much as he or she has caused the victim. This type of punishment is the oldest of the three.
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It originated from the bible from Exodus 21:23 “life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand” Nowadays the consequences are not nearly as brutal as they would be have been given in the middle ages and even still given in some parts of the world today but real consequences are still given for the different criminal acts committed by offenders here in Australia. Deterrence I will now be speaking to you about the second of the three punishments ‘deterrence’. The main aim of deterrence is to teach the offender not to repeat the crime and to deter others from committing and following the offenders example.
This theory was used as a military strategy during the ‘cold war’ relating to the uses of nuclear weapons. Rehabilitation Rehabilitation is more there to restore the patient to the highest level of health and to give encouragement so the act they committed will not be repeated in the future. The first approach to use rehabilitation in criminals happened in the late eighteenth century and was primarily directed towards the juvenile offenders. The Pennsylvania Quakers used very strict religious rules and punishments to force juvenile criminals to see the fault of what they have done.
These methods evolved into more of a retribution system. Since then there has been an increased interest in this sort of method of treatment for criminals, it eventually become one of the three forms of punishment. Nature of these forms of punishment Retribution The punishment is for the wrongfulness of the act, and is not intended as a deterrent. The punishment should be equal to the offence, meaning the harshness of the punishment should reflect the seriousness of the crime. For example, in many Muslim countries the punishment for stealing is having your hand cut off at the wrist.
Therefore because of this there is very little stealing in Muslim countries Deterrence There are two forms of deterrence; general deterrence and individual deterrence. General deterrence aims to make an example to discourage others from crime. Individual deterrence aims to deter the individual from committing the crime again. A small example of a deterrent is a speeding ticket, to scare you and prevent you from speeding again and putting others and your own life at stake. Rehabilitation
Rehabilitation is based on the person being given treatment and training so they can go back into society and not commit crime in the future. Individuals who support rehabilitation believe that criminals can be “made better” so that they can re-enter society as good citizens who do the right thing. Rehabilitation can include probation, education, and group therapy. For example an offender may have committed a crime due to the fact he or she was under the influence of alcohol due to an alcohol or drug addiction therefore the judge may choose to send the offender to rehab to eceive the help he or she needs. Effectiveness of These Forms of Punishment Retribution Locking people up in prisons, does protect society and apparently does reduce crime rates, but it is expensive to build and operate prisons. Also there is no guarantee the person will not commit crimes again when they get out of prison. And after leaving prison with very little treatment and guidance, ex cons are released onto the street with only a few dollars. These individuals have lost a lot of time to build a career, family and friends.
And it shows that 60% of criminals released from prison commit a crime after being released. Deterrence The effectiveness of deterrence is generally shown by looking at the future behaviour of the offender, to see if the person repeats their previous criminal behaviour. The problem with this theory though is that it relies on a repeat conviction. Also, many criminals go back to jail, sometimes many times, so it looks like their previous experience has not deterred them from more crime. I personally believe deterrence is a very effective method in achieving the goals of criminal sentencing.
For instance if the society knows the punishment for a crime, this could be the deterrent to prevent someone from committing a crime. Rehabilitation Rehabilitation programs coast far less and I personally think are more effective than sending the offender to prison. There are more than 70% of criminals in jail that are locked up for non-violent crimes. Many of these people just need drug or alcohol counselling or help in finding jobs. These sorts of cases should be recognised and sent to get help. Conclusion –
In conclusion, each theory of punishment all are different and have different levels of effectiveness, the punishment really depends on the type of crime committed. However I believe that retribution is the most effective form of punishment because ‘if you do the crime, you do the time’ most children are taught from a young age that if they do the wrong thing they will be punished such as time out, groundings or taking things away from them. It’s not fair if a person commits a crime and thinks he or she can get away with it, I also think that they should develop a sort of councelling system in jail like rehabilitation.
In saying that though each crime should be evaluated by the judge and be given the correct form of punishment depending to the crime. Each of the different forms of punishment are a major help to the Australian law and how our country is governed. The crime levels would be a lot worse if these forms of punishment didn’t exist. Bibliography “Australia. gov. au. ” Rehabilitation -. Web. 15 May 2012. <http://australia. gov. au/topics/health-and-safety/rehabilitation>. “Bible Verses about Retribution. ” What Does the Bible Say About Retribution? Web. 6 May 2012. lt;http://www. openbible. info/topics/retribution>. “Deterrence – Spell – World of Warcraft. ” Wowhead. Web. 5 May 2012. <http://www. wowhead. com/spell=19263/deterrence>. “EDITORIAL; The Myth of Deterrence. ” The New York Times. The New York Times, 28 Apr. 2012. Web. 8 May 2012. <http://www. nytimes. com/2012/04/28/opinion/the-myth-of-deterrence. html>. “Facts about Deterrence and the Death Penalty. ” Death Penalty Information Center. Web. 6 May 2012. <http://www. deathpenaltyinfo. org/facts-about-deterrence-and-death-penalty>. Maclagan, W.
G. JSTOR. Web. 6 May 2012. <http://www. jstor. org/discover/10. 2307/3746102? uid=3737536>. “Nature of Punishment. ” Nature of Punishment. Web. 7 May 2012. <http://navyadministration. tpub. com/14134/css/14134_128. htm>. “Prison Rehabilitation. ” Politics. co. uk. Web. 8 May 2012. <http://www. politics. co. uk/reference/prison-rehabilitation>. “A Published by the Church of Scientology International. ” Successful Rehabilitation of Today’s Criminals. Web. 5 May 2012. <http://www. freedommag. org/english/vol29i1/page30. htm>. “Retribution. Merriam-Webster. Merriam-Webster. Web. 5 May 2012. <http://www. merriam-webster. com/dictionary/retribution>. “RETRIBUTION. ” Retribution Is Punishment Deserved Because of an Offence and Which Fits the Severity of the Offence. A Retribution Must Be Distinguished from Revenge and Retaliation. Web. 9 May 2012. <http://sociologyindex. com/retribution. htm>. “Top Five (5) Most Brutal Forms of Capital Punishment Throughout History. ” Karemar. Web. 4 May 2012. <http://www. karemar. com/blog/top-five-5-most-brutal-forms-capital-punishment-throughout-history>.