DALAW TURO LEARNING RESOURCES CLIMATE CHANGE MODULES VERSION 2. 0 Compiled by: Alexander G. Flor Protected Areas and Wildlife Bureau and Public Affairs Office Department of Environment and Natural Resources Quezon City May 2011 PREFACE Dalaw-Turo (DT), the literal translation of which is Teaching Visits, is an environmental outreach program initiated in the early nineties by the Protected Areas and Wildlife Bureau (PAWB) of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR). Its aim is to educate communities on pressing environmental issues through participatory rural theater, songs, games and other local and indigenous media.
The outreach program started out independently as an internally driven initiative, without the benefit of external funding and technical assistance. Yet, Dalaw Turo has proven to be resilient and robust, thriving in the past two decades in spite of limited resources. For participating communities, DT sessions took the form of environmental interpretation, an educational communication activity designed to forge emotional and intellectual connections between an audience and the messages or meanings inherent in biodiversity, protected areas and wildlife themes.
Today, DalawTuro’s community-based, participatory slant still carries its original resonance and DENR is now exploring the possibility of going beyond the traditional DT themes by expanding its coverageto other sectors such as forestry, mining, lands and environmental management. For the past two decades, Dalaw-Turo modules have naturally been confined to messages associated with the Protected Areas, Wildlife and Coastal Zone Management Service (PAWCZMS).
With the end view of mainstreaming Dalaw-Turo, the DENR Public Affairs Office (PAO) and PAWB implemented a series of module writing seminar-workshops to capacitate DENR information, education and communication (IEC) officers on the DT approach. This volume constitutes the output of four cluster seminar-workshops conducted between 23 August to 21 October 2010 participated in by DENR officers representing sixteen regions as well as the entire spectrum of the environment and natural resources sector, namely, forestry, mining, lands, protected areas, coastal resources, and environmental management.
Its writers range from Regional Public Affairs Officers (RPAOs) to communication specialists, foresters to engineers, and Dalaw-Turo veterans to newbies. The last two modules dealing with caves and peatlands were contributed by the Resource Person. Its varied scope, notwithstanding, the volume has adopted one overarching theme – Climate Change. This set ofeighteen learning resources is thus known as the DT Climate Change Modules. Given Dalaw-Turo’s resilience and resonance, we may expect more sets of DT modules in the future.
SECRETARY Department of Environment and Natural Resources LIST OF ACRONYMS CARCordillera Autonomous Region CBFMDCommunity Based Forest Management Division BOLBureau of Lands DENRDepartment of Environment and Natural Resources DTDalaw Turo EMBEnvironmental Management Bureau ERDBEnvironmental Research and Development Bureau ERDSEnvironmental Researchand Development Service FMBForest Management Bureau FMSForest Management Service IECInformation, Education and Communication KAPKnowledge, Attitude, Practice
KMKnowledge Management LANLocal Area Network LGULocal Government Unit LMSLand Management Service NGONon-government Organizations PAOPublic Affairs Office PAWBProtected Areas and Wildlife Bureau PAWCZMSProtected Areas, Wildlife and Coastal Zone Management Service RPAORegional Public Affairs Office Table of Contents PREFACE LIST OF ACRONYMS How to Use the DT Modules1 PROLOGUE: Situating Dalaw Turo5 MODULE I: Forests8 MODULE II:Wildlife12 MODULE III: Coastal Resources15 MODULE IV: Water Bodies18 MODULE V:Riverbanks23
MODULE VI: Geohazards26 MODULE VII: Water32 MODULE VIII: Wastes35 MODULE IX: Responsible Mining41 MODULE X: Ecotourism45 MODULE XI: Wetlands49 MODULE XII: Ridge to Reef53 MODULE XIII Reforestation56 MODULE XIV: Protected Areas60 MODULE XV: Watersheds63 MODULE XVI: Clean Air66 MODULE XVII:Caves69 MODULE XVIII: Peatlands73 EPILOGUE: The Way Forward75 REFERENCES ANNEX:Sample Script How to Use the DT Modules Introduction This manual contains a set of eighteen modules that promote climate change mitigation and adaptation.
They do so from the point of view of eighteen themes: Forest Protection; Watershed Management; Wildlife; Coastal Resource Management; Protection of Water Bodies; Protected Areas; Riverbank Rehabilitation; Geohazards; Water Conservation; Waste Segregation; Responsible Mining; Ecotourism; Wetlands; Ridge to Reef; Reforestation; Clean Air; Caves; and Peatlands. These learning resources were designed not as teaching modules but as learning modules, the main difference being the former is teacher-oriented while the latter is learner centered.
In other words, the primary users of these modules are not DENR IEC or public affairs officers. The modules are meant principallyfor DT learning communities –grassroots organizations, private voluntary organizations, community-based groups, and schools – that make-up both performers and audiencesof Dalaw-Turo. In DT, learner-participantsinadvertently become environmental interpreters and articulators. This situation allows others within the community to learn from their interpretation and articulation as well. It is to the learner-participants that this section on module utilization is addressed.
The modules follow a structure that provides all the information necessary to implement a DT session. At the core of each module is a story line. You, as learner-participant,shall interpret, perform and articulatethis story line in a dramatized skit. Thus, you need to internalize the plot, the messages inherent in the story, as well as the specific characters that you will be portraying. The Dalaw Turo Team from DENR will serve as your facilitator and coach. They will give you appropriate guidance on the flow of the session, on the technical subject matter, on set design and on performance as well.
But their role is limited to such, as facilitators and coaches. It is recognized that these skits will have to be interpreted within a specific localized context. Efforts have been made to allow for such creative interpretations and deviations. Atrademark of these modules isflexibility. Places, names, settings, time, local color, plot twists and turns, and endings may be changed as appropriate. Furthermore, these story lines are not set in stone. As in all cultural forms, they are dynamic and are expected to change and evolve. We may very well find different stories altogether in Version 2 of the Climate Change Modules.
While compiling this work, issues on the creativity, originality and craftsmanship of these stories have been raised. One may say that indeed, these story lines may be a little rough on the edges given current creative writing standards. However, it should be emphasized that the intention of DT is not to excel in creativity but to encourage environmental interpretation and articulation. The plots were products of spontaneous group discussions, which, to the participants’ better judgment, reflected the state of the environment. The authors’ professions have made them de facto custodians of environmental knowledge.
And, as in the case of myths and legends of old that have had profound influences in our collective unconscious, these plots have been woven intuitively. Thus, we see recurring themes of disregard for our environment, leading to abuse, devastation, retribution, repentance and finally, reformation. We underscore the fact that the workshops that produced these storylines were not meant to be creative writing sessions but environmental interpretation and articulation sessions. To judge them on the basis of creativity, originality and craftsmanship would be taking the DT experience out of context.
The DT Session Traditionally, a Dalaw-Turo session is made up of a number of activities revolving around a dramatized skit with an environmental message. These include briefings about DENR activities, community singing and chanting, lectures, games, and opening and closing remarks from a local government official. A typical DT session approximates the following program. RUNDOWN SHEET Venue: Barangay Sine, Municipality of San Aquilino, Province of Mindoro Oriental Date: 19 November 2010 TIME/DURATION| ACTIVITY| RESPONSIBLE PERSON| 9:00-09:05| Introduction of Dalaw Turo (DT) Team and Dalaw Turo Concept| Ate Nene| 09:06-09:20| “DENR at Your Service”—our mission, our vision, our mandate| Ate Vee| 09:21-09:25| DT Chanting“Kalikasan, pangalagaan para sa ating kinabukasan”DT ClappingAwit Para sa Inang Kalikasan(DENR Hymn)| Ate Merlyn| 09:26-09:36| Mini Lecture: Components of NatureTubigLupaHangin| Ate RyeAte MilaAte Sally| 09:37- 09:50| Skit (Ridge to Reef)When the Mountain Meets the Sea| | 09:51-10:10| Environmental GameWEB OF LIFE| Ate Nene, Ate Vee| 10:10-10:15| DT ChantingDT Clapping| | 10:15-10:30| Closing Remarks| DT Partner (i. e.
Baraggay Chair )| The start of the session introduces the DT Team and the DENR. This is followed by chanting and signing to set the tone of the session. A lecture is then given on the subject matter before the skit is presented. What follows is an environmental game and some chanting and clapping once again. The session ends with some closing remarks from the LGU. As in the contents of the modules, the rundown sheet is just an indicative program which you may deviate from as appropriate. Parts of the Module The module begins with its title and credits. Rationale. This is followed by the rationale of the learning module.
For this particular set of modules, this section attempts to answer the following questions: How does the subject matter relate to climate change? What do communities need to know about the subject matter? Why? This section will supply the technical information that will be presented during the DT Session’s mini-lecture. Objectives. Each DT module should contain a set of instructional objectives. From the pedagogical point-of-view, objectives may be classified under three major categories: cognitive (relating to knowledge gain); affective (relating to attitude change); or behavioral (relating to changes in behavior) objectives.
These roughly correspond with the KAP (knowledge, attitude, practice) used in communication campaigns. Another typology used in the classification of objectives are based on the AIDA (awareness, decision, interest, action) phases in the adoption of innovations. Using this as an example, we may come out with the following set of objectives for the Peatlands module: After participating in the DalawTuroPeatlands Session, community constituents should be: 1. Aware of the importance of peatlands in climate change. 2. Interested in peatlands. 3. Able to decide a peatland policy within the community. . Implement peatland conservation programs. Story Line. During the cluster workshops that produced these modules, the authors were required to conceptualize a story line. DalawTuro story lines should be simple enough to be accommodated in dramatic interpretations as well as in several other indigenous, local and popular media art forms. This section, in turn, is composed of the following subsection: 1. Characters/ Protagonists-Characters have been conceptualized in such a way that community members may relate with, even if these are fantasy characters 2. Synopsis or Plot.
The synopsis gives a brief description of the plot in four paragraphs. The plot is how you would arrange events to develop the basic message. It is the sequence of events in a story or play. The plot is a planned, logical series of events having a beginning, middle, and end. Conflict is essential to the plot. Without conflict there is no plot. It is the opposition of forces which ties one incident to another and makes the plot move. The four paragraphs of this subsection are: A. Introduction – The beginning of the story where the characters and the setting is revealed. B.
Rising Action – This is where the events in the story become complicated and the conflict in the story is revealed (events between the introduction and climax). C. Climax – This is the highest point of interest and the turning point of the story. The reader wonders what will happen next; will the conflict be resolved or not. Climax as a three-fold phenomenon: the main character receives new information; accepts this information (realizes it but does not necessarily agree with it; and acts on this information (makes a choice that will determine whether or not he/she gains his objective).
D. Resolution- How the conflict is resolved. Some of the module writers opted for a more detailed treatment of this section. Instead of a plot, they wrote scenarios or narrative scripts. Message Recapitulation. The module ends with a short recapitulation of the message or theme. In the actual DT Session, this may be delivered as slogans by the performers. With these sections, the authors hope that the DT Climate Change Modules will become a useful guide for its partners and its learning communities. PROLOGUE: Situating Dalaw Turo
The initiative of mainstreaming Dalaw Turo as an IEC strategy for all subsectors covered by environment and natural resources is timely and relevant given the recent developments in information, education and communication theory and practice or praxis. Communication Praxis Communication observers are in general agreement that the world is now in the Information Age where information is a critical resource. There has been a shift in the global power dynamic favoring information and communication over the more conventional economic resources such as capital and land.
The richest, most privileged people nowadays are information workers. Thus, we assume and perform potentially powerful and influential roles as information and communication workers in the environment and natural resources sector within the context of the Information Age. Furthermore, communication theorists and researchers have undergone a significant paradigm shift in the past two decades, moving from linear, top down models towards more cyclical, bottom up participatory approaches. The Convergence Model of Communication has replaced the traditional SMCRE Model.
Participants in the communication process are no longer classified as dominant sources and passive receivers but as co-equals. The goal of communication is no longer seen as persuasion but as mutual understanding. These same theorists and researchers submit that communication campaigns should not be media centric and source oriented, and that communication undertakings should be directed at not just changing behaviors, but at transforming social norms, which determine behaviors. There has also been a pronounced change in communication practice.
At the national level, the role of communication in national agenda setting has been recognized. Laws and national policies can be influenced or triggered by media coverage. Our national experience since 1986 has shown that media can indeed make or break national leaders from presidents to cabinet secretaries, senators to congressmen. Dalaw Turo is consistent with the pronounced changes in communication theory and practice. It is participatory, cyclical and non-linear. It is not media centric nor is it source oriented. Big Media, Little Media, My Media
Additionally, national communication campaigns are no longer the exclusive purview of Big Media such as national dailies, national television and radio. Little media such as community radio stations, community newspapers, community cable television have been more and more co-opted in national media campaigns. Nowadays, another category besides Big Media and Little Media, have gained much prominence and an increasingly significant role in national media campaigns. This category, known as My Media, involves social networking using digital media such as Facebook, Twitter and YouTube that capitalizes on Web 2. or the provision for user generated content in the World Wide Web, thus encouraging directparticipation in the communication undertaking itself. One’s Facebook page is actually one’s published website. One’s Twitter account becomes an individualized television channel,considering Twitter’s slogan, “Broadcast yourself. ” With itsuse of local media and indigenous art forms, Dalaw Turo employs Little Media. Furthermore, it can potentially benefit from My Media as will be discussed in later sections. Networking Another element that is assuming a dominant role in today’s communication undertakings is networking.
A network is a structure made up of nodes and links. Networking involves establishing links among like-minded nodes. Networks form the natural structures of living things. Thus, organisms, ecosystems, communities and societies are structured as networks, or networks of networks. Networks may be personal or social, individual or institutional, analog or digital, so long as there are nodes that are connected by links. Information travel via networks, knowledge is shared through networks. Thus, networking has become a built-in, common strategy in most IEC activities or communication campaigns.
In the environment and natural resources sector, whom do we network with? Insofar as grassroots IEC undertakings are concerned, networking is done through the so-called Four Pillars of Governance: the local government unit (LGU); non-government organizations (NGOs); civil society; and the private sector. Civil society, itself, is composed of: the Church; media; schools; and socio-civic organizations. Although non-profit in nature, non-government organizations are differentiated from civil society groups since the former are organizations who perform services parallel to government agencies and are thus registered as such.
Similarly, although privately run, NGOs differ from the private sector in the sense that the latter is profit oriented. Another phrase used for the private sector is the business sector or the corporate sector. Dalaw Turo makes full use of networking strategies with the participation of local government units, schools, non-government organizations and the private sector. A phenomenon that provides a good rationale for networking is the Network Effect or Metcalf’s Law, named after the leader of the team of information technologists who developed the Ethernet or the local area etwork or LAN system. Metcalf argued that the value of computing resources available to any node within a local area networkincreases exponentially with the number of nodes. A sociologist, David Reed, extended the concept of Metcalf’s Law to social networks and argued that the social capital of a well-integrated social network also increases exponentially with the number of nodes. With this, we can propose another definition of social capital – the economic value produced by individual or social networking. Networking generates synergies that add value to our communication undertakings.
Indigenous and Local Communication It has already been stated that, as practiced for the past two decades, the DT system involves indigenous and local communication. The significance of this strategy can be further appreciated with a discussion of knowledge managementand the so-called deep ecology approach to environmental communication. Knowledge management or KM is a newly evolving discipline that considers knowledge or intellectual capital as a manageable asset. Its goal is the sharing and reuse of knowledge.
Although, KM involves ICT enabled tools, early practitioners have noted that the traditional means of sharing knowledge was through story telling. Dalaw Turo sessions are actually story telling sessions using local and indigenous media. The deep ecology approach in IEC, on the other hand, is based on the following: 1. Living systems such as organisms and ecosystems need to perform three critical functions with its environment in order to survive: exchange of materials; exchange of energy; and exchange of information. Exchange of information is communication. Thus, communication is a critical function for every living organism or ecosystem. . Ecosystemsare and made up of natural and cultural subsystems; both have profound influences on the other. 3. We can only have lasting and sustainable impact from our environmental IEC if we tap cultural strategies. Thus, DT has been on the right track by employing indigenous media and art forms. It has been consistent with knowledge management and the deep ecology approach by employing storytelling and tapping cultural strategies. The Philippines has a wealth of these: alamat or legends; folk dances; paminipig; composo; bandillo; balitaw; sangyaw; awit/ harana; zarzuela; binalaybay; pantomina and others.
To this list, we can add an array of popular media that can supplement DT such as: komiks; street dancing; games; cheer dance; rap; puppet shows; concerts; and street theater. Furthermore, we can share our DT stories via Facebook and YouTube bringing to bear the synergies created by social networking and My Media on our environmental and natural resources agenda. MODULE I Forests Module Writers : Evangeline N. Aquino Chief, RPAO-1 Cora Marie G. PugalEngineer II, PAWCZMS Rosalia S. PungtilanChief, Information Section, MGB Ma. Venus A. JunioChiefRegional Environmental Education InformationSection, EMB Noriel G.
NisperosInformation Officer, LMS Angelo Jesus M. RoyecaInformation Officer, FMS Generoso C. GarciaERDS Elvira D. AgpoonInformation Officer, FMB-CBFMD Rationale Reforestation and climate change are interrelated. Forests are natural “carbon sinks”. They play a great role in preventing and mitigating climate change by decreasing the amount of carbon dioxideaccumulation in the atmosphere. They also provide both direct and indirect ecological and economic benefits. Theyplay a significant role in the global carbon cycle that affects climate change. Consequently, forests affect other ecosystems.
The Government promotes reforestation activities because of its important ecological benefits. Examples of these benefits are clean water, clean air, healthier environment, sustainable supply of food, provision of habitat for wildlife species, and prevention of flash floods and landslides. Despite the Government’s efforts to promote reforestation, there is still a decrease in the country’s forest coverdue to indiscriminate logging, forest fires, conversion of forest land to agricultural land, and illegal human settlements. Around 15. 8 million hectares out of 30 million hectares of the country’s land area is forest land.
However the forest cover is decreasing at a rate of two percent per year. As of 1997, there were only 5 million hectares of forest cover in the country. The Government and communities are the major actors in reducing deforestation and its impact/consequences. Communities need to be aware that reforestation is not limited to planting in deforested areas but also in any vacant areas. They should also be aware of the harmful consequences of deforestation such assoil erosion which results to siltation of water bodies thereby causing destruction and degradation of low lying areas and coral reefs.
They should also be informed of the benefits such as employment opportunities for upland dwellers. Objectives After completing this module, community constituentsshould: 1. recognize the importance of forests, its contribution to the socio-economic progress and welfare of communities; 2. accept responsibility for the protection of the environment; 3. discussthe benefits of balanced ecosystems and sustained environmental conditions of the community; 4. cooperate in ENR programs such as UDP, CBFMA and Solid Waste. Story Line 1. TitleTHE DAWNING OF OGUP 2. Characters Salome Mother Ipe Son Ine Daughter Andoy Father Rio DENR Forester
GenerChairman of Barangay Cares Mr. RoterNGO representative. 3. The Plot Introduction. The town of Ogup, Lion-Un has 2,400 hectares of land area, 35 percent of which is forest land. The main sources of livelihood of the people are upland farming, wood carving and charcoal making. It is in this area where the biggest tree plantation showcases the reforestation projects in the region. Rising Action. The mood is happy among the wildlife in a forest composed of eagles, birds, monkey, flowers, and butterflies. In a nearby area, inside a nipa hut, Nanay Solome is busy preparing for the day’s meals while Ine is sweeping the yard.
Ipe is fetching water from a nearby spring Tatay Andoy is tending seedlings in a nursery with groups of people from the neighborhood Suddenly…Nanay freezes, reminiscing the past…. (Curtain closes and eventually opens…) At 4 o’ clock in the morning, Nanay is running, shouting and screaming, instructing her husband and children to vacate the house and go to a safe place. She is in a panic telling them that some of their neighbors’ houses were buried under mud and that their house is in danger of being the next. Everyone is screaming and crying in total darkness under heavy rains and strong winds.
Everyone seems to be lost, looking for their loved ones while crying out their names. Suddenly, more houses are carried by the strong current of mudflows. In an instant, everything is in total devastation. Climax. After several hours, rescue teams arrive to the site consisting of representatives from the LGUs, Red Cross, NDCC, paramedics and volunteer groups. There are clearing, retrieval operations, and provision of first aid and relief goods. Nanay Salome is kneeling down, still sobbing and praying, and in between sobs, uttering the names of her husband and children.
At this point she is surprised and relieved when among the crowd; she sees one of the rescuers holding her children. She rushes to Ipe and Ine and hugs them very tightly. Then they all asked, “Where is Tatay Andoy? ” He then appears from among the crowd. Tired, dirty but relieved. Resolution. A meeting is being held at the barangay hall which was attended by the Municipal and Barangay Councils, NDCC, DENR and other volunteer groups. They are discussing the causes of the incident. They realize that lack of forest cover coupled with the effects of climate change caused the mudflow to occur.
The unusual and prolonged heavy rainfall and storms resulted in soil erosion that eventually caused the mudflow. Forester Rio from the DENRintroduces an upland development program through the community-based forest management agreement. This aims to restore the forest cover by establishing a forest plantation in the area and at the same time provide livelihood and employment in the community. Mr. Roter, an NGO representative,commits to provide assistance in the form of planting material. Barangay Chairman Gener encourages his constituents to organize themselves into a people’s organization and challenges everyone to start all over again.
Mayor Al Dabes of Ogup, Lion-un invites his constituents to participate in the town fiesta. The group decides to have “Bukanegan” and “Awit Para sa Kalikasan” depicting reforestation and climate change. Message Recapitulation 1. Forests are carbon sinks, 2. Forest mitigates the occurrence of Climate Change, 3. Protect the Environment,Protect Life,Plant More Trees! MODULE II Wildlife MODULE WRITERS Restituta V. AntolinChief, Protected Areas and Wildlife Division, DENR R-02 Victoria D. BaliuagOIC, Regional Public Affairs Office, DENR R-02 Leilanie P. TalattadChief, Information Communication Education-Mining Investment Action Center, MGB R-02
VictoriaB. AttaguanChief, Environmental Education and Information Section, EMB, R-02 Erlinda C. UnipaChief, Plantation Development and Management Section/FMS information Officer, DENR R-02 Reynaldo B. CallitongChief, Technology Packaging and Documentation Section/ERDS Information Officer, DENR R-02 Alona R. ArezaAdministrative Staff, Environmental Education and Information Division, EMB RATIONALE There is no question that climate change is a menace to wildlife biodiversity; it threatens life, productivity and resources. The extinction of species is a result of imbalances in the ecosystem.
Biodiversity is a life support system,that once is lost, will be gone forever. Communities need to know that climate change affects our lives and that biodiversity plays an important role in countering these. A case in point is the role of biological resources, specifically plants,which serve as carbon sink. Communities must also realize their role and participate in biodiversity conservation to mitigate the effects climate change. OBJECTIVES After completing this module, communities should be able to: 1. discussthe causes and effects of climate change; 2. enumerate adaptation and mitigating measures for climate change; 3. escribe the importance of biodiversity; 4. identify the unique biological resources in the region; 5. pursue conservation of biological diversity; and 6. implement a biodiversity conservation initiative. STORY LINE 1. TitlePARADISE LOST, SHATTERED DREAMS 2. Characters/Protagonists Linglingay The Philippine eagle KalawThe hornbill LeyaThe orchid MedusaThe snake Robert The crocodile Ka Tomat The household head, farmer, timber poacher, kainginero TommyKa Tomat’s only son Manang MaringKa Tomat’s wife 3. Plot Introduction. In a virgin forest, wildlife still abound. Orchids are found everywhere.
People who visit the area to commune with nature regularly see snakes and eagles. The wildlife have fun boasting about their beauty and role in the ecosystem; each claiming that he is the most important creature God has made. A family, who lives within the buffer zone of the virgin forest, enjoys this bounty of nature. To preserve these wildlife species, a team from DENR conducts regular lectures on biodiversity conservation; especially on climate change and how it is already felt in other areas. Rising Action. Years later, in spite of these lectures, Ka Tomat enters the virgin forest and starts doing activities destructive to nature.
He converts the forest into a kaingin area and plants corn. While waiting for harvest time, he cuts trees and sell the lumber he gets from them. He also hunts wildlife to earn more money. He does all this because heintends to provide a luxurious life for his family. These malpractices by Mang Tomat disturb the wildlife. The Philippine Eagle, snake and crocodile that used to be in this paradise starts feeling the effects of the destruction of the forest. Food for wildlife becomes scarce prompting them to attack theagricultural crops of Mang Tomat.
The crocodile that used to be shy becomes aggressive and starts attacking people in the community. Climax. One summer, the snake goes down to the community and seeks refuge in Mang Tomat’s house. Feeling hungry, the snake goes out of his way to look for food. Unluckily, it was not able to find prey. He comes back to the house through the bedroom of the family. Here Tommie, Mang Tomat’s only child, is fast asleep. The snake stays near the door still waiting for prey. Clueless of the danger that he is about to face, the child wakes up and hurriedly walks through the door. He accidentally steps on the snake.
Disturbed, the snake bites him. Upon hearing the screams of his child, Mang Tomat runs fast to their bedroom until he sees his son lying on the floor. At a distance, he sees a snake crawling. This makes him realize that his child was bitten by a snake. Alarmed, Mang Tomat carries his son and rides on a horse to a rural health unit in the barangay proper across the river. When he reaches the river, he finds out that ithas become wider making it impossible to cross. Obviously showing great distress, Mang Tomat steadily tries to feel the heartbeat of his son to ensure that he is still alive.
After a few minutes, he screams because he knows his child is dead. Resolution. Mang Tomat, apparently showing the agony of a parent losing his only child, brings home his son. During the wake, he ponders on the lost his child. He recollects images of each ofthe malpracticeshe has committed in his mind. The scenes keep on bugging him until he realizes that he was actually the cause of his child’s death. Talking to himself, he says “these should not have happened if only I listened to the DENR team who conducted IEC on biodiversity conservation”.
He also resolves not only to stop his malpractices but also to convince his neighbors and other people in the community to stop their destructive activities and start supporting DENR programs. Message Recapitulation 1. Biodiversity is life. Biodiversity is our life. 2. The earth is enough for everyone’s need but not for every man’s greed. MODULE III Coastal Resources MODULE WRITERS Perla O. ColladoChief, RPAO 3 Dolores C. SantosPlanning Assistant, RPAO Shirley LoriaScience Research Specialist II, ERDS Ma. Theresa L. LaluSenior Forest Management Specialist, FMS Florita MirandaInformation Officer II, MGB Daniel MiguelForester I, PAWCZMS
Erminda CastanedaAdministrative. Assistant. II, PAWCZMS Monette SantosOIC – Chief, Socio-Economic. Section, UFERD / GAD Research Specialist. ERDB RATIONALE Climate change causessea levels to risethreatening coastal communities. It also makes coastal areas prone to storm surges, erosion, siltation and sedimentation. Climate change leads to the destruction of coral reefs causing a decline in fish catch. Furthermore, theincrease inwater temperaturesthat characterize global warming kills plankton,offsetting marine ecological balance. Coastal communities need to know the role and importance of coastal areas and resources.
Coastal areas serve as: * breeding ground and feeding ground for indigenous terrestrial and aquatic animals; * stop-over feeding ground for migratory birds; * transportation and navigational pathways of ships and boats; * buffer zones and coastal zone stabilizers that minimize sedimentation in adjacent coral reefs; * traditional fishing areas of communities; and * ecotourism sites. They also provide the community withfood, livelihood, fuel, medicine and increase land area through soil accretion. Coastal resources like mangrove resources also serve as tsunami shield and spawning grounds for fish and mollusk.
Coastal resource conservation is important since resources are finite and coastal areas post the highest photosynthetic activity in the marine environment. OBJECTIVES After completing this module, communities should be able to: 1. recall the value and uses of coastal resources; 2. internalize the need to conserve coastal resources; 3. participatein conservation efforts; 4. comply with environment-friendly practices in the coastal areas (proper solid waste management, stop using destructive fishing methods); 5. recall various programs, policies and activities of the DENR, and other alternative sources of livelihood.
STORY LINE 1. TitleHINAGPIS NI COSTA 2. Characters Mang Dyno:A greedy fisherman who uses destructive fishing methods to earn money to fund his vices Bakwa:Mang Dyno’s wife who gathers mangrove trees for fuel Garbisa:Mang Dyno’s oldest daughter who dumps garbage in the waterways Haring Marino:Leader of all marine organisms Tsunamita:Personification of the destructive force of nature in seas 3. Plot Introduction. In the coastal area of Barangay San Antonio, Mang Dyno throws his second dynamite pipe. The huge explosion almost throws him off balance in his motorized banca. After a few seconds, big and small fish begin to surface.
He gathers them all and happily goes home, looking forward to his next drinking session with the boys. Mang Dyno is a notorious dynamite fisher. He earnshis living from exploiting the seas. He needs this to support his several vice and his family as well. His wife Bakwa, low in budget, economizes and regularly cuts down mangrove trees in the nearby barangay. She uses the mangrove wood for fuel. She sells what is left over as charcoal to her neighborsso that she can play pusoy and gamble with friends. Mang Dyno’s oldest daughter Garbisa, for lack of discipline and sense of personal hygiene, throws all the family garbage into the waterways.
All the children take the cue from their mother and do the same. Rising Action. The fish can no longer tolerate the practices of Mang Dyno’s family. They seek an audience with their leader, Haring Marino. They plead their case forHaring Marinoto punish Sergio and his family. Haring Marino appears before Mang Dyno and begs him to stop. He warnsthe fisherman of the dire consequences of destroying the environment. Mang Dyno laughs off the warning and is barely impressed by this mystical creature appearing before him. His greed and need is far stronger that the warning of a catastrophe.
Thus, Haring Marino orders all the fish in the ocean to go as far away as possible from San Antonio never to return. Climax. Unrepentant Mang Dyno throws more dynamite into the sea. He pledges to destroy every single coral in the sea, choke the water with more garbage, and cut down all mangrove trees if the fish will not return. Haring Marino decides enough is enough. He summons Tsunamita to unleash her fury to punish Mang Dyno’s family. The tides rise and swallow Mang Dyno’s home. His children were also swept away and drowned. Resolution. But Tsunamita is a picky eater after all.
She decides the garbage is too much for her. In a final act of scorn, Tsunamita regurgitates Mang Dyno’s filthy daughterGarbisa. That’s Mang Dyno’s final curse – to live with a daughterwhose utter disregard for personal hygiene he cannot stomach! Message Recapitulation 1. Everything is related to everything else. 2. There is no such thing as a free lunch. 3. Every piece of waste will end somewhere. 4. What goes around comes around; the garbage you throw away will come back to you. MODULE IV Water Bodies MODULE WRITERS Gaudencio L. de la CruzChief, Regional Public Affairs Office-R-4A Luis Asterio J.
QuerubinInformation Officer, Land Mgt. Sector Merle M. PadInformation Officer, Forest Mgt. Sector Anita A. AalaInformation Officer, ERDS Justina Q. UmaliInformation Officer, PAWCZMS Noemi A. ParanadaInformation Officer, EMB Randolph L. DicipuloInformation Officer, MGB Elisa A. de VeraDalaw Turo Regional Coordinator, PAWCZMS Miliarete B. PanaliganCENRO, Real, Quezon, Team Leader-Dalaw Turo, PENRO RATIONALE The enormous power of modern technology is constantly placing stress on the environment. It breaks the vital links of natural processes that maintain the integrity of an ecosystem. This, in turn, affects the climate.
Man has played a major role in this environmental assault. He has ignored prudence and his responsibility to be the steward of the environment. This attitude towards the environment is one of the reasons why the environment and other naturalresources in the country are being utilized beyond saturation levels. The environment must be managed in such a way as to ensure adequate supply of natural resources for future generations. OBJECTIVES After completing this module, communities should be able to: 1. participate in disseminating information relative to the protection of water bodies. 2. articipate in greening activities both in the upland and lowland areas. 3. promote ecotourism through the protection of identified and potential ecotourism sites. STORY LINE 1. TitleVIRGIN NO MORE: RAPED AND DEVASTATED 2. Characters/Protagonists GeorgeA former resident of Cala who later becomes a real estate developer MariaEnvironmental activist LuisGeorge’s Friend 3. Plot Introduction. In a town called Cala, there once lived a young boy, so happy, so cheerful, so curious about life, but innocent. The young boy admired Cala’s rainforests, its thick shade that shielded him from the sun.
He enjoyed its waterfalls that flow down and form long winding creeks, He cherished the trek from the mountain peaks to the rolling hills below. “ Few have seen what I have seen. These falls are more beautiful than what they show on television,” the young boy told himself. Cala was home to the young boy. It presented to him with a great variety of ecological wonders, until he became a fully grown man. Rising Action. George grows up and gets his education at Juetena Business School. At school, students are taught that wealth was the sole indicator of success.
Nowhere in the school’s curriculum did it inculcate upon the students that true wealth lies in being good stewards of God’s gifts to man-the forests, rivers and creeks, falls, lakes, springs and beautiful spots that George used to visit and enjoy when he was young. Upon graduating with highest honors, George was determined to become rich beyond measure. Nothing and nobody will prevent his rise as a great and powerful real estate developerand a “Man of Wealth. ” George became a topnotch real estate broker of one of the biggest real estate corporations in the country, the Maharlika Bughaw Group (MBG) of Companies.
It did not take long before George became a Manager, Senior Vice-President, President and CEO of MB Group. George was now at the top of his game. He had all the connections with all the politicians, the police, the activists pretending to lead worthy causes. They were all in his payroll. Even media danced to his music. “It is not difficult to become rich. All that one has to do is sell residential lots to middle or lower middle class families and have it financed by government financing institutions and the money will come pouring in,” confided George to his associate Luis. George was adept at bribing government officials to get his permits.
He cut the trees where he wanted to build his subdivisions. He constructed A-1 golf courses and paid off all the residents in the areas covered by these golf courses. He was rich beyond measure. He lived in mansions in posh villages and choice seaside locations. He had an unbroken winning streak. One day George was summoned to the Senate. There he met Maria, who also served as a resource person in her capacity as over-all coordinator of the environmental NGO Earth Care. They sat side-by-side during the investigation conducted by the Senate Committee for Global Warming and Climate Change headed by Senator Laarni Lopez.
Maria presented the issues that confronted the little town of Cala, the same town where George spent his childhood. “LakeLagoon,” Maria started, “is now a fetid swamp where only mosquitoes thrive. ” George reacts and says to himself, “That is where we used to bath and play. My parents used to catch big tilapias, bangus, and tawilis, we so enjoyed for lunch and dinner”. Maria continues, “This is caused by the continued and unabated denudation of Mt. Mayumi. When the rains come, the trees are no longer there to absorb the water, and serve as an anti-flood system. ” George reacts, “I know of the cutting of trees at Mt.
Mayumi by our company! I got millions selling the timber to the Japanese. ” “As a community social worker, I witnessed many deaths caused by the mudflows during super typhoons in the Sitios of Los Cantos, Carambola, Balid, Di Tunay, Mulach and Tanta in the districts of Lawa and Manuel”. George mutters to himself, “I did not know that many died in those towns. Some of my relatives and friends used to live there”. Maria continues her testimony before the Senate Committee, “These incidents would never have happened had it not been for the real estate projects at the resort subdivisions surrounding the lake, your honor”.
Maria ends her presentation with a warning to the committee and the Filipino public. The hearing was aired live by ACDC Cable Channel, Kris-Boy Network, and Kabayan News Network. She warns, “Unless Maharlika-Bughaw ceases to develop these subdivisions at the expense of the environment, a tragedy may occur which all of us will regret”. After the Senate hearing, George obviously irked, confronts Maria about her advocacy. “Why are you pressing so hard against us? What we do is for people! We provide them with homes and a hope for a decent future. We also provide jobs for a lot of our countrymen. We are helping the economy! George tells Maria, almost shouting. Maria replies, “You may be doing all that, but look at the future as well. Every tree that is cut down is thirty years’ worth of growth and an additional thirty years of waiting for growth. The reduction of forest cover meansfewer trees to prevent floods. The soil is eroded to the bodies of water. The lakes, the rivers, become shallower and shallower. During long and strong rains, low lying areas where many of our poor countrymen live, will be flooded. You should have thought of the possibility of people dying a horrible death because of landslides, flooding and mudflow! When George left the Senate in his car, he thought of what Mariasaid to him. He also found her to be very pretty and intelligent and with a genuine concern towards the environment and her countrymen. Though he had many friends in politics and business, George despised most of them. He found them to be artificial, deceiving to common people, and were only after money and their own interests. He admired Maria because she dressed simply and did not wear any make up. He was also struck by Maria’s eloquence, authority and sinceritywhen speaking. Climax. Days became weeks, and weeks became months.
Then, strong hurricane winds and heavy downpour ravaged the town of Cala. There wasno electricity and water service. Thedevastation was unspeakable. The houses at the sitios of Los Cantos, Carambola, Balid, Di Tunay, Mulach and Tanta were all submerged. Human bodies in advanced stages of decomposition were floating at Lake Lagoon. Local government officials were nowhere to be found. They have gone to Las Vegas to watch the title fight of boxer turned politician Manny Paking. The three top networks ACDC, Kris-Boy, and Kabayan tried valiantly to rescue the young, women and senior citizens trapped by the ravages of the super typhoon Mercy.
Mercy packed winds of 300 kilometers per hour and heavy downpour persisted at night. The people of Cala were caught unaware. George, in the meantime, was concerned about his subdivisions. In his anxiety, he boards his chopper from his posh mansion in Tagaytay City. Resolution. He visits the once progressive sitio of Carambola. This is the center of commerce for Cala and where his offices are. He also visits his satellite office at Sitio Los Cantos. Los Cantos is where prominent lecturers and professors on environmental conservation and protection reside. It was also home for Maria whom he met at the Senate.
When he proceeds to his office at Los Cantos, he was met with much crying, weeping, gloom and helplessness. He finds out from a report in ACDC Live! that Maria was one of those who died while trying to rescue distressed people at the lakeshore areas of Los Cantos. She was the same person George admired for her sincerity and her genuine concern for her village mates. She had also warned the Senate on the impending disaster. She warned, ”One day we will all regret that for a brief while, we may have enjoyed the benefits of economic development but at what price? ”.
George realizes that the frail lifeless body he saw on TV is the same woman he had admired. Now she is gone. The young boy had lost his innocence. Message Recapitulation 1. Kagubatan nasira, tubig nawala. 2. Kalikasan lumuluha, Tao Kawawa 3. May Pag-Asa! Mag-kaisa MODULE V Riverbanks MODULE WRITERS Alfredo ArayaChief, RPAO/Administrative Officer V, RPAO-R-5 Myrna BaylonSenior Environmental Management Specialist, PAWCZMS Richelyn GuiribaForester I, FMS Emilie NasStatistician I, LMS Arlene RanaraScience Research Spec. II, ERDS Evelyn SambajonAdmin. Aide 6/Information Officer, EMB Luis ValdezAdministrative Officer IV, MGB
RATIONALE Rivers are considered to be a vital element in many economic activities. The quality of rivers is an important factor in sustaining agricultural productivity as well as other livelihood projects, such as fishponds or aquaculture, etc. Presently, rivers are commonly used for agriculture, as disposal areas for industrial effluence and domestic sewage, and as dumping ground for solid waste. Agricultural chemicals, such as insecticides, pesticides, rodenticides, herbicides, fertilizers and discharges from backyard livestock and piggeries find their way to nearby water bodies.
Moreover, eroded soil from nearby farming activities and other sources also add to the pollution load of rivers. As a result, river systems undergo deterioration and dramatic changes in flow, reducing their natural ability to adjust and absorb turbulences. With the expected changes brought about by climate change and the demand for water, this could lead to serious problems for both ecosystems and people. Riverbank rehabilitation is required to enhance the resilience of river ecosystems and minimize impacts. Such effort will reduce risks to ecosystems and people.
Preventive actions may also be less costly than reactive efforts taken only once problems have arisen. Dalaw Turo as an IEC strategy will educate stakeholders on the current state of river systems, enlightening them on hazards and methods in riverbank rehabilitation as an approach to climate change adaptation. It is expected to entertain, encourage broader participation and promote collaborative efforts among stakeholders. OBJECTIVES After completing this module, communities should be able to: 1. identify risk of exposure to hazards such as flooding; and water pollution; 2. apply and practice of proper waste disposal; and . internalize values towards riverbank protection and rehabilitation. STORY LINE 1. TitleThe River of Life 2. Characters Makusog and MagayonFather and Mother MadunongSon who becomes a fisherman MahigosSon whobecomes a farmer ElaySon of Mahigos MaarteWife of Madunong Inang KalikasanMother earth Mga DiwataMessengers of Inang Kalikasan (Buhay-Ilang, Kagubatan andAqua) Uran, Paros, and AldawSpirits of nature 3. Plot Introduction. A couple (Makusog and Magayon) was sent out of paradise by Bathala for disobedience. They had to live on their own and were deprived of the God-given benefits.
They hadto look for food and build shelter. They searched the land for a couple of days before finally finding an ideal placenear Minto River. There they had almost everything they needed – fresh air, clean water, and abundant food. Not long afterwards, they bore two sons, Madunong and Mahigos. Madunong became a fisherman, whileMahigosbecame a farmer. Eventually, the two raised their own families. Inang Kalikasan,because of for her love for life, sent messages through three Diwatas (Agua, Buhay-Ilang, and Kagubatan) every now and then to warn the two men from disobeying the laws of nature.
Madunong decided to build his home at the bank of the river, while Mahigos chose to build a bit further up. Rising Action. Born by the need to survive, coupled with greed and indolence, Madunong started to overexploit the river. He dumps garbage in the water and uses very fine nets to catch fish. Despite pleas of the fish to spare the small ones and stop the poisoning of water organism, Madunong continues his practice. On the other hand, Mahigos goes on to farming. He turns to cutting trees to clear areas to expand his farm. Despite the pleas of the plants and trees, Mahigos continues as well.
Inang Kalikasan gets fed up and decides to send a bandillo to meet her forces: Uran, Paros and Aldaw. They have no choice but to teach Madunong and Mahigos painful lessons. Both Uran and Paros volunteer to send heavy rains and strong winds on the night of Madunong’s wedding. Climax. Flood waters rush and sweep away Madunong’s house. Luckily, the house of Mahigos was situated in a higher place. The impact of the flood was lesser, destroying only a portion of his house. Madunong with his wife. Maarte, tremble in fear as they come to the house of Mahigos for shelter. Then everything becomes still.
In the morning they leave their shelter to see the river widened, banks eroded, and scoured. The farms are destroyed, and trees toppled down. Diwata Aqua relays several messages from Inang Kalikasan. She informs them that they can restore the place by planting bamboo and votive grass along the banks, by refraining from clearing the forest and keeping the waters clean. The brothers have opposing views. Instead of following, Madunong decided to transfer to another place and continues his old ways. Mahigos on the other hand, heeds the advice and goes to rehabilitate the area. Resolution. Years passed.
Mahigos had a good life. He got married and had a son, Elay. His brother, Madunong, lived a disordered life with his wife Maarte. She eventuallygets tired of living with Mandunong and leaves him. One day, Madunong, sick and hungry and with nowhere to go, decides to go home to his brother, Mahigos. Reunited with his brother, Madunong relinquishes his old ways and lives in harmony with nature. Message Recapitulation 1. Save rivers…. save lives 2. The severe impact of floods, whether it happens as a result of climate change or otherwise, are disastrous to people, resources and infrastructure. 3.
To be able to continuously provide various benefits to communities, rivers should be preserved and protected. 4. To manage climate risks we must understand our vulnerabilities and be able to carry out adaptation measures. MODULE VI Geohazards MODULE WRITERS Artemio Salvador C. ColacionInformation Officer, RPAO6. DT Regional Coordinator Allen T. EscarioInformation Officer, ERDS6 Amelita Q. GuillerganInformation Officer, EMB6 Arlene C. ApudInformation Officer, LMS6 Lulur FosInformation Officer, PWACZMS6 Laralournie A. ArtajoInformation Officer, MGB6 RATIONALE Climate change is an impending environmental threat that is results ingeohazards.
Although geohazardsare natural phenomena, sea level rise and unusual rainfall, due to climate change can trigger and increase the occurrence of flooding and landslides. We can prepare for geohazards by raising awareness and conducting activities such as early warning and land use planning. Numerous communities in the country are landslide- and flood-prone areas. Areas with high, moderate and low potential for landslides have their respective characteristics. Flood prone areas on the other hand are low-lying areas (depressions, valleys, foot slope, plains, etc. ) and areas within and near bodies of water (lakes, canals, creeks and rivers).
Flooding is usually caused by siltation at the river systems, the damming effect of landslide debris and the large volume of rainfall. Awareness of the community to these hazardsis a primary factor of preparedness. Communities must understand thatgeologic hazards such as landslide and flooding are natural phenomena attendant to climate change that can occur anytime and without warning. They should also realize that occurrences of this type can result to loss of lives, destruction of property and infrastructure, breakdown of services and displacement of the population.
If local governments and communities work together continuously to prepare for these natural calamities, adverse consequences can be significantly reduced and loss of lives can be prevented. OBJECTIVES After completing this module, communities should be able to: 1. identify indications of climate change; 2. describe flooding and landslides; 3. identify the areas in their community that are highly susceptible to landslides and flooding; 4. determinetheir area ratings in local flood and landslide assessments; 5. discuss experiences on flooding/landslides preparedness; 6. accept the importance of awareness of geohazards; . discuss ideas on how to prepare for geohazards; 8. dramatize situations during occurrence of landslide and flooding; 9. accept practices that can help mitigate climate change, thereby, reducing the triggers of flooding and landslides. STORY LINE 1. TitleGEO’S BOAT 2. Characters/ Protagonists GEOA special boy; Narrator and Character (*The name Geo is inspired by the Greek prefix geo- that signifies “earth” (e. g. geology -study of the Earth) DENRGeo’s trusted friend LORIEGeo’s talking bird MANONG ISTOYFarmer MANANG AKAYWife of Manong Istoy NONOYThree-year old son of Manong Istoy and Manang Akay
PRETTYBirthing pig MAGKAL Talking snake BUILDERS/PASSENGERS/RESCUERS TOWN FLOOD FOLKS Father and mother with a baby Man/Father Lolo and Lola with a baby “apo” A child crying Woman neighbors Husband and wife quarreling 3. Plot Introduction. One sunny day in the lush town of Bucari, Geo askshis builders to construct a boat. Geo is a special boy. He is the son of a rich landowner. His family owns most, if not all of the land where the town sits on. He is such a generous boy that he asks his father to distribute the land to the town people. He feels he cannot care for such a vast property all by himself.
Besides, he feels lonely. Geo wantshis men to build this boat to save the members of the community where he was born. He loves and cares for this place. BucariC:\Users\user\Documents\the town2. pptis a beautiful place. It has lush forests in the plains surrounded by tall mountains. The rivers teem with life and ponds are crystal clear. The lands are fertile and abundant with livestockand other kinds of animals that support the needs of the people. It issuch a paradise as one could imagine. Geo knewthat the day is at hand when great rains will falland floods will come to cover most parts of the town.
As the world gets warmer, surely great rains will follow and flooding will occur. The mountains wouldnot be able to contain the downpour. The builders decide toconstruct the boat even if they donot believe in the coming of the great rain and flood or the caving in of the mountains. They even argue among themselves on how to the boat should be built ;how big, how it would look like, what will it be made of, and other details. They go on to build the boat because they agree on one thing – they love Geo. They gather in a plateau near the town plaza to build Geo’s boat. Rising Action.
While his menwere busily building the boat, Geo asked DENR to go look and see in which parts of the town the great flood would first set in. He also wanted to know where it will be the deepest. DENR was trained to do these. The town proper usually experience floods. These floods were not alarming. They were only ankle deep and do not last long. The flood waters flow back to the rivers and into the sea. Geo also asks DENR to go look and see which parts of the mountains’ soil and rocks would likely slide when the great rain comes. When this happens, it would be like a mountain caving incovering some parts of the town.
Geo calls this “landslide”. DENR is an expert in studying landslides. When DENR finished his study. He found where the landslides will most possibly occur. He also found where flooding will first set inand where it will be deepest. He drew the mountains, and the rivers, and the whole town. He marked the places where landslide and flooding will most likely happen. He called his drawing a “geohazard map”. Geo then asked his friend Lorie, a talking bird, to go with DENR and tell the people about the dangers using the map. He also asked PIA, DepEd and DOTC to help DENR and Lorie do the job.
They went to the communityto inform and warn the people. They also postedthe maps all over the town. Some believed them, but sadly, others didnot. Meanwhile, the builders kept constructing the boat. The boat was built after 365 days. Days passed and town people went on with their ways. They forgot about the boat perched on a plateau and what DENR’s group told them. One evening, after days of rain, Manong Istoy comes out of the house to cook rice for his family. He is a farmer living at the foot of the mountain with his family. He also practices “kaingin” so he can sell “uling” and firewood in the town.
Manong Istoy was standing on a root of a big narra tree. Suddenly, the “root” moved, and wiggled. To Manong Istoy’s big surprise, he was standing on a snake’s big and fat stomachMang Istoy thought that the tree’s roots were just slippery from the rain. The snake tells Istoy that his name is Magkal. Magkal then whispersto Manong Istoy,“why are you still here? Aren’t you supposed to be on Geo’s boat? Go and bring your family”. Manong Istoy, although a bit scared hearing Magkal talk, ignored the snake’s warning. He continues cooking, and eats dinner with his family. Climax.
After dinner, he goes to sleep with Manang Akay and Nonoy, their 3-year old son. During the night,strong winds blow rains thatare heavier than what they have ever experienced before. They also hear rumbling sounds from the mountains. The animals become restless and make all kinds of noises. The mountain is collapsing. A landslide is happening. Manong Istoy and Manang Akay stand up in fear and disbelief. They know they have to leave. They run to and fro, grabbing their chickens. Mang Istoy, ignoring the rain, runs outsideshoutingthe name of Pretty, their pig. Mang Istoy finds Prettygiving birthat that very moment!
Manang Akay, while dragging a sack of rice, is shoutingand looking for Nonoy. She then calls for Mang Istoy to come and save her. Manong Istoy, is in a state of panic. He keeps on shouting, “Pretty! Pretty! ”. People are shouting and running. Animals are squealing. The earth is rumbling. Strong winds and rain are poundingIt is total chaos. Suddenly, there is silenceand darkness. Resolution. When daytime came,rescuers are busy pulling up people to board Geo’s boat. Manong Istoy is seen sitting on the boat, head bowed, his hands covering his head. He trembles, cries, and mutters to himself: “Thank you, Lord.
You saved my family and Pretty”. Geo talks to Mang Istoy, “You have been warned by DENR to leave the place but you did not believe. It is dangerous to live here at the foot of the mountain. DENR showed you that with the map”. Mang Istoy replies, “I am sorry I did not believeDENR. I’ve lived here all my life. What will happen to my farm, my trees, my plants if I leave? With this, I’ve decided to leave. There’s no other way. My family could have been killed. ” That night, while Manong Istoy and his family feared for their lives in the mountain, many folks in the lower parts of the town almost died when the lood came. A father and a mother with their baby were swept away in the flood. Inside a home, a man destroyed the ceiling (kisame) of their home so they could go on the roof. The family was drenched in the rain while standing on their rooftop. An elderly couple suffered of thirst. They were saving a half-filled one liter container of water for their baby grandson who needed to be fed. The baby was left in their care because the parents had to be somewhere else. A child was heard crying and saying “Poo-poo, poo”. He didn’t know where to do it. Their home was submerged in water.
Some bystanders managed to laugh after seeing a man climb a tree without his pants on. It was swept away with the flood. A woman offered her hand to a neighbor. The neighbor said, “Thank you. This is the first time I have seen you recognize us. ” A person was heard saying “I made peace with her during that time. When the flood came, I thought we would all die”. A husband and wife were quarreling. The wife nagged him for not moving their car to a higher place before the flood came. The husband said, “You care more for the car than for me”. Geotogether with the builderscame, sailing on his boat.
Mang Istoy, his family, Pretty and the other survivors were on the boat. Water was everywhere. The boat was floating and sailing all over the town. It was still raining. More survivors got on the boat. They have been waiting for Geo’s boat while hanging on to trees or on their rooftops. The boat kept on sailing as long as the town was submerged in water. One morning, Lorie flew away. She came back after an hour. She told the boat passengers that the rain would stop soon. The passengers cheered. Indeed, the rain stopped, and a rainbowappeared. Message Recapitulation
The climate is changing Expect more floods Expect more landslides Know where they are Know what to do Be prepared Come ride Geo’s Boat MODULE VII Water MODULE WRITERS Abraham, Cliff C. DENR-7 Information Officer Geralde, Virginia Z. PAWCZMS Secretariat Jumawan, Ann Lizther F. ERDS Information Officer Llamedo, Eddie E DENR-7/MGB-7 InformationOfficer Regudo, Charmie A. FMS Information Officer Rojas, Marian B. LMS Information Officer Tulda, Araceli A. PAWCZMS Information Officer Yburan, Rowena S. HRD Staff RATIONALE Water is a vital requirement for human existence.
Water is the precursor of civilizations. Climate change impactson water availability, quality and quantity. Extreme climatic events like droughts have serious negative consequences. They decrease runoff in reservoirs resulting in the reduction of the supply of water. Insufficiency compromises the ability to meet future demands for domestic and industrial consumption. El Nino coupled with the over pumping of ground water will also contribute to the watersupply dilemma. Installation and construction of water impounding/basins may, to some extent, address concerns on water supply.
Rainwater catchments can also be developed by the individual or community to help supplement domestic uses. In this regard, the public must be informed on: the current state of water resources; methods of water conservation; and approaches on the protection of sources of water, such as watersheds. Dalaw Turo is a communication strategy that willprovide entertainment and encourage participationof the larger community in water conservation and watershed protection. Awareness will lead the public to gather and propose solutions on problems related to water resources.
In a nutshell, the public should embrace the importance of water in daily life as a prime commodity. OBJECTIVES After completing this module, communities should be able to: 1. have increased levels of awareness on the importance of water; 2. identify and explain the threats or challenges on water resources; 3. describe and cite examples on water conservation measures and initiatives; 4. practice water conservation by constructing a rainwater catchment; or basin in every household; and; 5. complywith at least three among the ten water conservation measures. Story Line 1. TitleKING LEONARD’S DREAM . Characters/ Protagonists King LeonardKing of Cantipla Prince AriusSon of King Leonard in charge of urban areas Prince AllenSon of King Leonard in charge of upland areas Prince ArielSon of King Leonard in charge of sub-urban areas Teacher HegenioKing Leonard’s mentor VillagersPeople in urban, sub-urban and upland areas 3. Plot Introduction. TheKingdom of Cantipla is located in Mt. Manungal. It is ruled by King Leonard. King Leonard’s dominion extends over plateaus, rolling hills and valleys as far as the eyes can see. Water sources like rivers, springs and waterfalls flourish in the Kingdom.
The king has three smart, fine-looking and brawny sons named Prince Arius, Prince Allen, and Prince Ariel. Rising Action. One night King Leonard had a bad dream. The dream was about a severe drought that will hit the Kingdom of Cantipla. The dream brought chills to the kingand made him feeldread for the future. Thismade him consult his adviser, Teacher Hegenio. Teacher Hegenio advised the King to prepare the entire Kingdom. He warned the king that the disaster he has dreamtof will certainly happen soon. The King then ordered his three princes to lead the three villages to prepare for the coming disaster.
Prince Allen, Prince Arius and Prince Ariel heed the advice of the King. Theygo to the village and give the best advice on how to prepare and fight the drought. Prince Allen successfully convinces the villagers in the upland areas to plant trees and construct catchment basins. Prince Ariel, on the other hand, did well in educating the villagers situated in sub-urban areas. He taught them the value and techniquesof recycling, waste segregation, and river clean up. Prince Arius was the less fortunate. The villagers under his turf were situated in the most densely populated area.
They did not mind his advice about the coming drought. They continued their wasteful way of lifein that village. They use waterexcessively. Climax. The day came when rain stopped and the villagers experienced extreme heat. This worsening situation continued for days, months and years. The King was saddened when he learned that the villagers overseen by Prince Arius were having difficulties with water. The streets were filled with so many people with empty pails and water canisters. They were lining up for water rationssupplied by other villages overseen by Princes Allen and Ariel.
Upon learning the chaotic situation at the village of Prince Arius, King Leonard goes to the village and pacifies the villagers with a strong word about water conservation. Resolution. From then on, the villagers under Prince Arius vowed to institute reforms from their wastefullifestyle and lavish practices. They form technical working groupscomposed ofthe most educated constituents of the kingdom. They visit all areasand help rehabilitate and restore water catchments; develop MRFs and sanitary landfills; dredge choked river basins; plant one million trees; and construct accessible farm-to-market roads.
The Kingdom Cantipla livedin harmonyonce again. Message Recapitulation 1. Water is life. Life is water. 2. Conserve Water Now, Every Drop Counts. 3. “Tubig: Ating Yaman, Ating Alagaan” 4. Save Rainwater 5. Protect our watersheds, let’s plant trees! MODULE VIII Wastes MODULE WRITERS Purificacion S. DaloosChief, Regional Public Affairs Office, DENR 8 Oscar G. TanpiengcoLand Management Officer II Land Management Service, DENR 8 Ma. Elisa M. SalazarSociologist I/Regional NGO/PO Desk Officer Forest Management Service, DENR 8 Ingelina A. LantajoScience Research Assistant/Planning Officer PAWCZMS, DENR 8 Ma. Glenda C.
LagunaScience Aide/Assistant EMB8 Environment Partnership Program Coordinator RATIONALE The correlation between solid waste management and climate change has raised serious concerns across the world. Sites where solid waste is disposed, produces methane, one of the most dangerous greenhouses gases. These disposal sites contribute to yearly greenhouse gas emission by approximately 3 to 4 percent. Climate change experts have predicted that in the coming years, there are chances of emissions increasing at a more alarming rate. Management of solid waste is becoming a serious environmental challenge since there is lack of awareness among people.
Heaped garbage bins overflowing with solid waste is becoming a very common sight in communities all over the world. The stench emanating from these bins maybe a problem for all of us but have we ever thought of how we contributed to its creation? The government has embarked upon various voluntary measures to bring down the level of greenhouse gas emission. However, a lot still needs to be done in order to manage municipal solid wastes. Experts are of the view that communities should seek support to capture the emission of harmful gases such as methane and CO2 which is the result of solid waste decomposition.
Waste generated in the Philippines is estimated at 17,871. 53 metric tons per day. Waste generation increase 47 per centin 2010, or 26,194. 95 metric tons per day. Metro Manila alone needs a new landfill that can accommodate 6,000 metric tons of garbage daily. Open dumping is still the most common waste disposal method as controlled dumpsites and sanitary landfills (SLFs) are very limited. These figures only include garbage that is documented. Much unrecorded volume maybe accumulatingeach day. This adds to the clogging of waterways and aggravates flooding during rainy season.
This garbage pollutes the environment and causes illnesses. Under R. A. 9003, the Philippine government has laid down several requirements for Local Government Units, concerned agencies and communities to comply as far as the SWM is concerned. Among these is the establishment of Materials Recovery Facilities in Barangays, establishment of SLFs in big cities and advocacy for SWM in households. Despite this effort, garbage still continues to be a problem in the country. It still remains a threat to the existence of life and continue to be a contributing factor toglobal warming and climate change.
The people in the communities need to support the government in relation to this aspect. Awareness therefore must be raised on how they would deal with the solid waste management problem. This must be done in order to illicit action and proper behavior in solving the SWM problem. The conduct of Dalaw Turo as one of the IEC strategy is envisioned to be an ideal tool in which the government and SWM implementers can successfully and effectively reach their target audiences. Hence, this module aims to guide practitioners in the conduct of DT on SWM to target schools and communities.
OBJECTIVES After completing this module, communities should be able to: 1. identifyand internalize proper solid waste management; 2. practice the 3Rs (reduce, re-use & recycle); 3. describe the role of methane gas and carbon dioxide emission as a contributory factor to global warming and climate change; 4. practice segregation of garbage and manage organic waste on their own through composting; and 5. develop a functional Materials Recovery Facility (MRF) for their community and as showcase for other communities. STORY LINE 1. TitleSI HUSAY. SI KUSOG AT ANG DALAWANG DIWATA 2.
Characters/ Protagonists Kusogson Husay daughter Durotofather Pintadamother Diwata Anyaggood fairy Diwata Lamirebad fairy Kuya SowamDENR SWM Coordinator Kapitan BironBaranggay. Chairman 3. Plot Introduction. The story starts with a family living in a depressed urban barangay called Brgy. Masi-ot, Calle Dunot. They are a family of four,father (Duroto), mother (Pintada), son (Kusog) and daughter (Husay). The surroundings are messy from the inside to the outside of the house. Garbage is scattered everywhere. -from plastics, tin cans, wrappers, decomposing food wastes, stagnant water to name a few.
Barangay Masi-ot, like other barangay, also experiences hot temperatures. Well-off residents have air conditioners while poor families strive to have electric fans. This provides them relief from hot temperatures. Families who cannot afford to buy electric fans endure the hot temperatures and often get sick. The barangay is also a flood prone area. A little rain results in floodingdue to garbage clogged esteros and waterways. Rising Action. Because of the unsanitary environment and sudden change in climatic condition (from rainy to hot days and vice versa) and extreme temperatures, members of the family often get sick.
Securing health services is difficult for them. The barangay has no available health center and barangay health worker. One day, Husay, the daughter gets sick of diarrhea. She gets high fever and became delirious. In her delirium, Husay has a dream. In her dream two fairiesappear, DiwataAnyag and DiwataLamiri. The two Diwatas cast their magic powers. Diwata Anyag displays a healthful scenario – a paradise-like environment, free of any garbage and harmful insects, happy and sick-free people enjoying the beautiful environment. In her dream Husay could see a beautiful and sereneplace.
It is full offlowers that fill the fresh air with sweet scent.. How Husay longed that she could live in this place and recover from her illness! Suddenly Diwata Anyag hears a loud roar from her back. She sees a fiery, stinky and dirty Diwata Lamiri. Diwata Lamiri casts her magic wand. A scene of a dirty and chaotic place appears. Garbage is scattered everywhere, stray dogs and animals hungrily scavenge the garbage, the harmful insects flying from one trash pile to the next. Diwata Lamiri casts her magic wand again. This time a scene of animated methane and CO2 gasesemanate from the heaps of garbage.
The gases fly up to the atmosphere. The sunny day suddenly turns dark. Clouds accumulate, thunder and lightning roars, and heavy rains follow. Rains last for hours and flooding follows. Husay could see herself floating with the animals. She is carried by the waters along with children and young girls like her. They are shouting for help, screaming to death and wandering in the midst of nowhere, desperate to find their families. Diwata Lamiri casts her magic wand once more. This time, King Sun appears in the scene. King Sun shows off its intense light for threesuccessive months.
The soil surface cracks and plants wither. The people, Husay among them, feel the intense heat. They perspire, become thirsty and choke. Climax. Husay felt that as if her condition worsens, she struggles to breathe in the stinky and hot air. As Husay struggled to breath, she groans. Her mother, Pintada, notices Husay and wakes her from sleep. “ Husay wake up, wake up!!! You’re dreaming! ”, Pintada puts her palm on her daughter forehead. “Husay you’re having a high fever! ” cries Pintada. Husay replies, “ Hu. hu. hu…It was just a dream, Mother, but it looks real. ” Husay tells her mother about her dream.
She tells her about the two fairies and the scenes that were flashed in the dream. “Mother, with the dream that I had, I know that I can recover from my illness if we will have a clean house and yard. It felt good to breathflower scented clean air in my dream. I could immediately die if our dirty house and yard will continue to be so” said Husay. Mother Pintada, ponders. She could not afford to let Husay and other members of her family get seriously sick all the time. Resolution. “The solution is within our family”, Pintada says. “Let us start cleaning our house and yard. The whole family then helped each other in cleaning their house and surroundings. While the family was busy cleaning, Kuya Sowam arrived. Kuya Sowam is the Solid Waste Management Coordinator from the DENR. Kuya Sowam helped the family segregate the garbage thrown and scattered by the family. He taught them how to segregate wastes. “First, the garbage should be sorted as biodegradable or non-biodegradable. ” Kuya Sowam said. Kuya Sowam tells Father Duroto to dig a pit at their backyard where they could place the biodegradable wastes such as fruits and vegetables peelings and food waste..
The non-biodegradables were then sorted as recyclables or reusables such as plastics (sand bags and containers, glasses, metals, used fluorescents and others). Non-biodegradables which could not be used by the family anymore were sold to the junkshop. The family was able to earn a little amount out of the proceeds of their junked items. However, at the junkshop not all non-biodegradable were bought. There are still some residual wastes which need to be deposited somewhere else. “Oh I see! ” Kuya Sowam said, “it’s not a problem”. We will go to Barangay Kapitan Biron so that he will establish a MRF for these wastes. Good Morning Kapitan Biron! We have some wastes gathered from the household of Duroto. These are residual wastes which they brought into their compost and sold to the junkshops. Per R. A. 9003 each barangay is required to have an MRF where these types of waste can be temporarily deposited. MRF is beneficial to the barangay because these can solve the garbage and climate change problems. The barangay can also make money from this garbage by processing them into other products as a means of livelihood or other disposition methods” said Sowam. Sowam adds, “In this way, only a small amount of garbage will land into your dumpsite.
This will prolong the use of the dumpsite. This will also lessen the garbage that will be emitting methane and carbon dioxide gases, which is one of the causes of global warming and climate change. Your barangay will truly be clean and healthy. ” Oh I see! That’s good Sowam. I will inform my barangay council to start the establishment of our MRF. The family of Duroto and Pintada sustained the practice of SWM. The family members no longer got sick of diarrhea and other garbage related diseases. They also continued to recycle, sort their garbage and helpthe community in advocating proper SWM.
They are also benefiting from the fresh and organic vegetables from their backyard using the organic fertilizer from their compost pit. Solutions to garbage problems as a contributory factor to global warming and climatechangerests upon ourselves. Like the family of Duroto and Pintada who tried to practice SWM in their own little way to improve their way of living, others can also do it. Manage your garbage properly. Have a healthy and clean lifestyle. Message Recapitulation 1. Solid Waste Management: A must to alleviate the impact of Climate Change. 2.
Biglang Pagbabago ng Klima, Maraming Buhay ang Nakataya! 3. Tungo sa Laban ng “Climate Change”, hawak-kamay sa pagsasaayos ng basura ang kailangan. 4. May pera sa basura; may kabuhayan sa basura 5. Methane Gas from waste terminates life with haste. 6. Katas at singaw ng Methane at CO2 galing sa basura, mapanganib sa tao at kalikasan. 7. Good quality of life can be achieved through proper solid waste management. 8. Economic progress can be gained through proper solid waste management. 9. Malinis na Kapaligiran, Malusog na Mamamayan MODULE IX Responsible Mining
Cite this Dalaw Turo Learning Resources Climate Change
Dalaw Turo Learning Resources Climate Change. (2016, Oct 22). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/dalaw-turo-learning-resources-climate-change/