Dehumanized Women - Gender Essay Example
On A Voiceless Road to Dehumanization Growing up, we as humans were taught by the law that everyone has the right to freedom of speech and deserves to be treated equally throughout society - Dehumanized Women introduction. However, in today’s society, we are forced with a huge gap of gender inequality which are affecting the world and its women leaving them little or no voice at all. If we continue to live in a society that continues to dehumanize women, soon or later women would be completely dehumanized and not value to society at all. Let me further explain my reasoning’s.
To start off with, Since the Civil War black women had endured the pain of segregation, the terror of white violence, the weight of discrimination in employment and education and the demoralization of verbal abuse. They had also felt the urge to liberate themselves from economic, political and social oppression just as deeply as black men and perhaps at times more deeply. Yet during the civil rights era most organizations relegated women to positions behind the scenes shadowing the men on the front lines. In the 1930s, during the Great Depression, 26 states had laws prohibiting the employment of married women.
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The sentiment behind the laws was that a married woman – who presumably had a husband to take care of her – should not “steal” a job from a man. It was acceptable for single women to find jobs, but usually these were lower-paying jobs that were typically considered “women’s work” – thus white women worked as salesgirls, beauticians, schoolteachers, secretaries, and nurses. The job market for African American women was even more restricted, with most black women who worked serving as maids, cooks, or laundresses.
World War II dramatically changed all of this. With thousands of American men leaving civilian jobs to enter the service every week(16 million men served in the armed forces during the war), and with factories working around the clock to provide the supplies that Americans and their allies need to fight the war, a labor shortage was created. Suddenly, it became O. K. , even patriotic, for women – even married women – to work. By the fall of 1943, some 17 million women workers made up one-third of the total U. S. workforce.
About five million of these women worked in defense factories. However, with new opportunities came with limits, however. Men continued to fill supervisory positions, and wage scales discriminated against women. And once the war was over, women workers were expected to give up their jobs to returning veterans and go back home to have and raise children put off by the war. In 1946, 4 million women were fired from their jobs. But for many women, work was a necessity, and they simply went back to the sort of low-paying jobs they’d held before the war.
After the war, the same media such as TV that had pushed women to work during the war now stressed that women’s place was in the home – cooking, cleaning, and raising children. Women on television and in movies, magazines, and ads were almost always shown at home, usually in the kitchen. Women were discouraged from attending college – in fact a smaller percentage of women attended college in the 1950s than had done so in the 1920s. But while the media bombarded society with such domestic imagery, in reality more and more women were entering the workforce.
They weren’t working in heavy industry as many were during the war, but in clerical, teaching, and health-related jobs and in light manufacturing. Two million more women worked in 1950 than had worked during the war, and by 1960 40% of women had full or part-time jobs. Thirty percent of married women worked in 1960, and 40% of working women had school-age children. The government soon became involved with women labor by passing The Equal Pay Act of 1963, which is a United States federal law amending the Fair Labor Standards Act, aimed at abolishing wage disparity based on sex.
It was signed into law on June 10, 1963 by John F. Kennedy as part of his New Frontier Program. In passing the bill, Congress denounces sex discrimination for the many reasons such as: It depresses wages and living standards for employees necessary for their health and efficiency; it prevents the maximum utilization of the available labor resources, it tends to cause labor disputes, thereby burdening, affecting, and obstructing commerce; it burdens commerce and the free flow of goods in commerce; and it constitutes an unfair method of competition.
No employer having employees subject to any provisions of this section shall discriminate, within any establishment in which such employees are employed, between employees on the basis of sex by paying wages to employees in such establishment at a rate less than the rate at which he pays wages to employees of the opposite sex in such establishment for equal work on jobs, the performance of which requires equal skill, effort, and responsibility, and which are performed under similar working conditions, except where such payment is made pursuant
to (i) a seniority system; (ii) a merit system; (iii) a system which measures earnings by quantity or quality of production; or (iv) a differential based on any other factor other than sex Beginning in the 1800s, women organized, petitioned, and picketed to win the right to vote, but it took those decades to accomplish their purpose. Between 1878, when the amendment was first introduced in Congress, and August 18, 1920, when it was ratified, champions of voting rights for women worked tirelessly, but strategies for achieving their goal varied.
Some pursued a strategy of passing suffrage acts in each state—nine western states adopted woman suffrage legislation by 1912. Others challenged male-only voting laws in the courts. Militant suffragists used tactics such as parades, silent vigils, and hunger strikes. Often supporters met fierce resistance. Opponents heckled, jailed, and sometimes physically abused them. Now, you’ll assume that after the women civil rights movement and great depression period was over, that all women would join forces and continue to let their voices be heard in today society. However, not very much has changed since then and now.
In fact it seems like things gotten worse since then and now. Today, women are still settling down and making what was once called “women’s work”–(beauticians, maids, servers, childcare, and etc. ) and turning them into careers. The Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates the size of the formal child care workforce at 1. 25 million. 94. 7 million of these workers are women( 16% Black or African and 19. 1 are Hispanic or Latino Origins), 71% of the serving industry is made up of women, This just to goes that women has settled for something that they fought for. Not only are they settling