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Domestic Violence and Abuse in Intimate Relationship

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    Domestic Violence is one of the most occurring situations found in the United States. This form of violence, also known as spousal abuse, happens within a relationship that is intimate or within a marriage. This particular issue seems to be found to affect women more often than men in varying ways such as injury or even death. Some of the injuries found in domestic violence cases are the head, neck, chest, face, breast, and abdomen, which are the most frequently injured. Many people believe that domestic violence is something that pertains to physical damage, but it has more of a psychological affect.

    The emotional aspect of domestic violence seems to be overlooked because one’s idea may vary from another’s in regards to how the situation should be handled. Many overlook the idea of men being victims to domestic violence because of the mindset and stereotype that society has created. Domestic violence does not target any individual based on size, gender, or strength, which leads to cases being unable to resolve. The way domestic violence is carried out is that the abuser uses different techniques, such as guilt, fear, or embarrassment to maintain complete control over the victim.

    When the situation becomes physically based and physical altercations are conducted, that’s when the situation is recognized as domestic violence. The best way to ensure that domestic violence comes to a stop would be to leave immediately after the first sign is identified. Content The question that comes to mind is what is domestic violence and abuse? What causes domestic violence? How often does domestic violence occur? Domestic violence can be found anywhere in the world in this day and time. “Domestic violence is one of the most common causes of injury to women in the United States.

    The head, face, neck, chest, breasts, and abdomen are the areas most frequently injured. After battering starts, it usually continues and is likely to increase in severity if left untreated. ” (WebMD, 2008) Many people believe that domestic violence is a crime that only men can commit, but that is not a fact and it is not true. Men, in some cases, are found to be victims in some situations which lead to injuries. “Domestic violence and abuse can happen to anyone, regardless of size, gender, or strength, yet the problem is often overlooked, excused, or denied. (Smith & Segal, 2011) Domestic violence is a crime that has no type, it just desires the need to maintain control over the individual. “Domestic violence and abuse are used for one purpose and one purpose only: to gain and maintain total control over you. ” (Smith & Segal, 2011)

    Domestic violence seems to be more of a physical aspect when cases are introduced or mentioned in the news, but it does not just involve physical harm to the victims. Abuse of this sort affects ones mind as well. As mentioned in the article by Melinda Smith, M. A. , and Jeanne Segal, Ph. D. “ …This is especially true when the abuse is psychological, rather than physical. Emotional abuse is often minimized, yet it can leave deep and lasting scars. ” (Smith & Segal, 2011) The only way an abuser can take advantage of the victim would be to control the individuals mind, which makes the abuser seem more powerful and in control. An individual seems to feel more of an internal pain, which could lead to more serious problems such as depression and/or suicide. “Only recently recognized as a major public health issue, domestic violence has a long, dark past and is firmly entrenched in many societies.

    Although domestic violence usually includes violent attacks, it is not limited to physical acts of violence, but may include psychological, economic, and sexual abuse as well as attempts to isolate the partner. ” (Wadman, 2007) Many abusers turn to these tactics because those were the only ways they knew of to ensure that they maintain power. Many of these domestic violence cases are present in everyday life, everywhere you go. Many of these cases are still not reported for fear of more abuse or fear of facing consequences of their decisions.

    Statistics are still proving that men are still known to be the abusers many more times than woman. “In 2007, crimes by intimate partners accounted for 23 percent of all violent crimes against females and 3 percent of all violent crimes against males. ” (The National Center for Victims of Crime, 2011) Many may suspect that the reason that it seems like men are less likely to be abused is because of the gender and the masculinity, compared to the body types of women and the fragility. Despite the gender aspects, there are cases of domestic violence when it was individuals of the same sex.

    Same sex relationships have about the same frequency of occurrences as to heterosexual relationships. Stated by Zach Kansler, “No intimate relationship is immune from the danger of domestic abuse. Homosexual couples and heterosexual couples experience similar rates of harm inflected by domestic abuse. ” (Kansler, 2011) He further states, “Despite the similarities in rate of occurrence, and that humans should be treated equally and with dignity, some states expressly treat the personal safety of homosexuals as less valuable than that of heterosexuals. 2] This injustice is manifested in the express lack of availability of a basic legal tool of self-preservation, the order of protection. Furthermore, where these orders are available to victims of same-sex domestic abuse (“SSDA”), it is not through clear and instructive language, but rather silence, [3] and in some instances, the fortuity of judicial interpretation. ” (Kansler, 2011) Even though the statistics seem very similar, there are many differences still, based on how law views the situation, which is not abiding by the law that mentions that every man is equal.

    The individuals in these situations seem to have more of a struggle because they are not viewed as being equal, in comparison to the others situations dealing with domestic violence. It is stated on the emedicinehealth website, “ The perception that it is not possible for individuals involved in same-sex relationships to be involved in domestic violence remains a pervasive myth. ” (Wadman, 2007) This issue was started many years ago and it is evident that it is still being continued today. Some of the statistics that seem to still be evident as being a problem are as follows: “Women in the U.

    S. are more likely to have been injured, raped, or murdered by a male partner than by all other types of attackers. Every year, 2-4 million women are assaulted by a male partner in the U. S. The incidence of domestic violence in gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender relationships has been found to be comparable to that which occurs between heterosexual partners. More than 800,000 cases of domestic violence perpetrated by women against men are reported annually. Twice as many women report sexual assault by their husbands as report assault by strangers.

    Every year, about 2,000 women are murdered by their current or former male partners in the U. S. One in seven women going to the doctor’s office have a history of partner abuse. ” (Wadman, 2007) These statistics helps view why it is important to try and find a solution to this issue that needs resolution. Studies have found that most reasons why domestic violence occurs is because was all a child witnessed when they were growing up, especially for young boys. The kids would be taught that abuse was a form of control that any man needed to have to ensure that they would always be respected.

    Other reasons why violence begins would be that they have certain issues that need to be faced. “Children who witness domestic violence can also suffer long-term consequences. Many studies have shown that children who grow up witnessing abuse suffer from emotional, behavioral, and cognitive problems. ” (WebMD, 2008) These occurrences seem to have an effect on a child’s future if they do not discuss these issues with anyone at the time of the offense. WebMD also states, “The legacy of domestic violence is passed on when children are raised to believe that violence is a normal way of life.

    Children who witness domestic violence are more apt to be involved in violent relationships as adults, either as abusers or victims. ” Females tend to handle domestic violence differently than men seem to do when coping with the issue. With women tending to be more in touch with their emotions, the effect of the domestic violence causes a psychological breakdown. “By the teen years, both boys and girls are at increased risk for depression, drug and alcohol use, and disruptive behavior. Affected teen girls attempt suicide more often. (WebMD, 2008) Some expected reasons for the actions of abusers would be a variety of things. In the article that Michael C. Wadman wrote, he mentions that some causes for these violent reactions would be abuse of drugs and alcohol, abuse during their childhood, witnessing abuse, or being under or unemployed. Some ways to ensure that we begin preventing domestic violence will not be as easy as many would believe. A key way to ensure prevention would be to make a change in the beginning stages, when the abuse begins to be more evident.

    Dr. Leonard Holmes mentions in an article he wrote, “In many cases of domestic violence the only solution is for the battered partner (usually, but not always the woman) to leave. In other cases a couple can make some changes to their relationship that will make violence less likely to occur. ” Leaving is possibly the number one way to ensure that the violence stops immediately. In many cases, domestic violence continues due to the fear of what may happen if the victim leaves or the misunderstanding of what their definition of love is. One technique that can reduce violence in a relationship is for the couple to agree on a nonverbal signal that either of them can use to signal “time-out” during a disagreement – when they are concerned that violence might occur. ” (Holmes, 2011) If many couples would take this advice into hand, domestic violence could be avoided. The only way that we could ensure that everyone gets the message about domestic violence would be that we put the plan into action. Just taking time to allow a cool down period would help make the situation less violent as well. Bibliography Holmes, L. (2011, April).

    Preventing Domestic Violence. Retrieved April 5, 2011, from About. com: Mental Health: http://mentalhealth. about. com/library/weekly/aa100701a. htm Kansler, Z. (2011, February 6). Same Sex Domestic Abuse and Orders of Protection. Retrieved April 5, 2011, from Albany Government Law Review Fireplace: http://aglr. wordpress. com/2011/02/06/same-sex-domestic-abuse-and-orders-of-protection/ Smith, M. , ; Segal, J. (2011, March). Domestic Violence and Abuse. Retrieved April 5, 2011, from HelpGuide. org: http://www. helpguide. org/mental/domestic_violence_abuse_types_signs_causes_effects. tm The National Center for Victims of Crime. (2011). Domestic Violence. Retrieved April 5, 2011, from The National Center for Victims of Crime: http://www. ncvc. org/ncvc/main. aspx? dbName=DocumentViewer;DocumentID=38711 Wadman, M. C. (2007, February 22). Domestic Violence. Retrieved April 5, 2011, from emedicine Health: http://www. emedicinehealth. com/domestic_violence/article_em. htm WebMD. (2008, March 20). Domestic Violence-Harmful Effects of Domestic Violence. Retrieved April 5, 2011, from WebMD. com: http://www. webmd. com/mental-health/tc/domestic-violence-harmful-effects-of-domestic-violence *

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