“Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness” – Thomas Jefferson. Through painful years of authoritarian British government and the weak Articles of Confederation, Americans’ hungered for a new form of government. The American leaders, terrified by an autocratic central government like Britain’s were in the need of a new administration, which would evenly balance control and freedom. The formation of the Constitution was due to a combination between the Articles and the British government, avoiding the weaknesses, while focusing on the strengths. American leaders dissatisfied by how the British government was run created a drastically different political system under the Articles of Confed.
The Constitution of India was drafted over a period of 2 years, 11 months and 17 days. The members of Constituent Assembly of India met for the first time in the year 1946 on December 9. The next meeting of the Assembly took place on August 14th, 1947 for the dominion of India in which the proposal of forming various committees was presented. Such committees include Committee on Fundamental Rights, the Union Powers Committee and Union Constitution Committee. One of the unique factors of this meeting was that the Assembly gathered as the Sovereign Constituent Assembly of India.
On 29th August, 1947 a Drafting Committee, with Dr. Ambedkar as the Chairman, was formed on the basis of the various reports submitted by the previous committees. It was in the year 1948 that a Draft Constitution including a range of proposals was formed by the concerned committee.
The Constituent Assembly of India held two meetings in February 1948 and October 1949 to go through the clauses of the Draft. Finally, from 14th to 26th of November, 1949 the Constituent Assembly analyzed each and every provision of the Draft. The then President of the Constituent Assembly of India signed the Draft on November 26th, 1949.