Name-Shubham Khunteta , Roll No. -10702, Assignment-1 Topic :: Effect of Marital Status on Health. 1) Question :- Is marital status associated with change in body weight? 2) Hypothesis :- Marriage is associated with small weight increase for both men and women. i. e. marriage can make us fat. 3) Variables :- i) Independent variable:-Marital status. ii) Dependent variable:- Body weight. (indirectly we are pointing to health issue. Increasing fat is not good for health. )
4) Intervening or explanatory variables:- 1. Married people are no longer trying to find a partner :- Many unmarried people watch their diets and stay in shape simply to attract a partner. Once a partner has been "secured" through marriage, they no longer feel the need to look their best and therefore discard many of the healthy lifestyle habits that kept their weight down. 2. Lack of physical activities after marriage :- After marriage generally people have lot of responsibility. Men have to earn for their families and women have to do their homework. So they are less likely to do physical activities or to play games (physical) and to take part in sports than unmarried people.
So their body become rich in fat. And they get increase in weight. 3. Married people become the family garbage disposal:- Married people become responsible to their family. They can’t stand seeing uneaten food left on plates. As a result, many married people end up eating any unfinished food on their children or partners plate, not realizing how many extra and unnecessary calories they are consuming as a result. Any extra calories are stored as fat regardless of source. So unnecessary body weight increases due to increase in fat.
4. Married people put their family's eating preferences above themselves :- As far as eating is concerned, this often means that many wives end up eating foods that their husbands or children like to eat, rather than what they would prefer. If their husband likes to eat food that they would rather not, they shouldn’t. they should prepare a separate meal for themselves. As far as children are concerned, it's OK to let them eat what they want once in a while, but married people have an obligation to set a good example for them and teach them healthy eating habits.
5. Pregnancy ( only for women):- many women overeat during their pregnancy and become too inactive, believing that they need to eat a lot more than they actually do and that they need to slow down and relax more than they do. Secondly, once a woman gives birth, she often finds herself staying at home more and putting the needs of her child and family before her own. In extreme cases, some women don't just make their new born the centre of their world, they make it the whole of their world and this can often lead to serious problems including significant weight gain. ) Operational Definitions of variables: 1. Marital status:- Married people are those who tie up in a relational bond and live their rest of the life together and become the part of each other’s family. And rest, like single, separated, divorced, widowed and those who are in live in relationship, are unmarried. 2. Body weight:- It is an issue related to our health. Body weight should lie in a specific range of a specific person according to their body mass index (BMI).
If it goes higher than the upper limit of the range then we say fat content is more in body and body is unfit or more likely to have a disease. If it goes lower than the lower limit of the range, body is said to be weak. 6) Data collecting techniques:- I would recommend “longitudinal” survey to conducting research. In general, studies relying on cross-sectional data cannot isolate the effect of marriage on body weight, because these studies cannot control for the differences in background characteristics between those who marry and those who do not.
Studies that use longitudinal data are better able to control for possible selection of those with more body weight into marriage in one of two ways: (1) by controlling for measures of baseline body weight, or (2) by focusing on changes in body weight associated with transitions into marriage. In particular, if the negative effect of marriage on body weight is cumulative, using a baseline measure of body weight collected after some sample members have married will generate estimates of the effect of marriage in increase in body weight, so decrease in health.