Allison Bell HUM 302 October 21, 2012 Egyptian Art and Sculptures Ancient Egyptian art is the painting, sculpture, architecture and other arts produced by the civilization in the lower Nile Valley from 5000 BC to 300 AD. Ancient Egyptian Art reached a level in painting and sculpting that was highly stylistic and symbolic. A lot of the art that was discovered and saved came from tombs and monuments therefore there is an extreme emphasis on life after death and an emphasis on preserving the knowledge of the past.
The use of colors and animals were strong in Egyptian sculptures.
Ancient Egyptian art forms are characterized by detailed depiction of Gods, human beings, heroic battles, and nature. These characteristics were used and intended to give peace to the dead in the afterlife. Most sculptures were about either humanity or divinity. The sculpture I chose to focus on is Pharaoh Mycerinus and Queen Khamerernebty. This sculpture represents the royal couple Pharaoh and his wife which was carved of stone.
It demonstrates the conventions of the standing figure and this sculpture is believed to be the first double statue of its kind.
This statue showed how the Pharaoh was supported by his wife. “Certain features seen here are characteristics of all Egyptian standing figures: the formality, frontally, the erect stance with the left foot forward and the arms rigidly against the body, and the sense of vigor and dignity. ” (Arts and Culture, pg. 24) In Egyptian sculptures typically shows no suggest any movement or emotion. Their must be no facial expression. Their must be large heads and round plump faces and eyes must gaze straight forward.
In this statue of Pharaoh and his wife they are looking straight forward and their faces are emotionless. “The Pharaohs are represented usually standing. The left food must be advance. They are also depicted as they seat. When they seat, the statue must be seated on cubic block. The block represents the throne and most of all; they are very particular with the emphasis on symmetry. ” (The Characteristics of Egyptian Statues) In this statue I believe that they are realistically portrayed. The way the queen is staying by his side and supporting him up shows how the queen holds the king up when he needs it.
This statue is from the Old Kingdom which is where the stylistic characteristics started in my opinion. It was always and continues to be emotionless faces, straight forward faces, hands on Pharaohs knees sitting on the throne. I believe that stylistically their style is same over time. After researching the three kingdoms I found that all their sculptures are the same. The fact that the artist did not have the tools to sculpt the figures differently may have played a role in the style also but initially the style showed dominance over all and represented what rank you were in no matter what Kingdom it was.
When it comes to the Mesopotamia sculptures they are definitely different than the Egyptian sculptures but they have some similarities. One similarity is the fact that all Mesopotamia sculptures face straight forward and have round faces just as the Egyptian sculptures do. Also Egyptian sculptures use abstract geometric shapes such as squares just like Mesopotamia sculptures. Finally Mesopotamia sculptures use animals as subjects such as lions just like Egyptians. When it comes to the differences in the sculptures there are also a few items.
When it comes the to their faces Mesopotamia sculptures always have an astonished look on their faces with big noticeable eyes, whereas Egyptian sculptures never show emotion in their faces and are always emotionless and uniformed. Finally the way that each sculpture holds their hands together and the way that Egyptian sculptures put their hands on their knees are very different in each sculpture styles. “Some of these sculptures may represent Gods. Others may represent worshipers. Curiously, it appears that Sumerian people might have a statue carved to represent themselves and do their worshiping for them–in their place, as a stand in. (Arts and Culture, pg. 9) To me the major difference here is that Egyptian sculptures represented how much power and ranking you had and the Mesopotamia statues represented worshipping power. When it comes to sculptures made during the 21st century it is definitely a significant role in our society. Our sculptures such as the Lincoln Memorial, the Thinking Man, the Statue of Liberty, and the Martin Luther King Statue all represent significant people in our society. These examples represent freedom. They represent the movement of our society and where and how far we have come as a society.
Sculptures still have significance as time passes and moves forward. It is still a way of representing power and importance. In conclusion Egyptian sculptures were the gateway for other civilizations. The old kingdom helped shape the middle and new Kingdom. It represented power and dominance. It showcased the significance of ranking and value in their civilization. It was straight forward, emotionless, and rigid. It didn’t bind the rules or veer off from the traditions of the people. It was quiet and simple but powerful and stern. It gained attention because of its simplicity and earnestness.
Egyptian sculpture had some similarities with other civilizations but also dominated over them because of its consistency in style and deliverance. The sculptures were powerful just as their way of life, traditions, and people were as a collective whole. Their sculptures were solid and strong. Work Cited Page 1. Benton, Janetta & DiYanni, Robert. “Arts and Culture: An Introduction to the Humanities. ” Prentice Hall. Pgs. 9 and 24. 2012 Maguire, Maryanne. “The Characteristics of Egyptian Statues” http://maryannemaguire. hubpages. com/hub/The-Characteristics-of-Egyptian-Statues
Cite this Egyptian Sculptures
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