The electoral college system is one which is criticized often. In most of the countries in the world their leader is chosen by popular vote. This was true even in communist countries although many times only one candidate runs sometime. This system of the popular vote is not use in the United States, the country that is supposed to be the most democratic. The Electoral College, the constitutional system for the election of the president and vice president of the United States. It is the collective name for a group of electors, nominated b political parties within the states and popularly elected, who meet to vote for those two offices. Each party within a state selects a slate of electors numerically equal to the state’ congressional delegation.
The electors normally pledge to vote for the nominees of their party but they are not constitutionally required to do so. When the American people vote for president and vice president, they are actually voting for slates of electors pledged to their candidates. Because the electors usually are chosen at large, the electoral vote of each state is cast as a unit and the victorious presidential and vice presidential nominees in each state win the state’s entire electoral vote. The candidates receiving a majority of the total electoral vote in the United State The electoral college system was established in ArticleII, section I, of the U. S. Constitution and has been modified mainly by the 12th Amendment.
Numerous plans have bee proposed for eliminating or altering the electoral college, including direct election of th president and vice president by popular vote. It extremely ironic that what is supposed to b the most democratic government in the world, does not choose a president according to what the The electoral college system generally gives all of a state’s electoral votes to the winne in that state, no matter how slim the margin. Thus it has happened that candidates have bee elected even though they received fewer popular votes than their opponents.
Both Rutherford B. Hayes in 1876, and Benjamin Harrison, in 1888, were elected in this manner. In the case o Hayes, a special electoral commission was called in 1877 to decide the contested returns. Joh Quincy Adams also received fewer popular votes than his opponent, Andrew Jackson, in th election of 1824, but his election was decided by the House of Representatives because Jackso failed to win a majority of electoral college votes. On several occasions the popular vot pluralities of the electoral college victors have been razor thin or even questionable.
On instance was the election of John F. Kennedy over Richard M. Nixon in 1960. The feature of the electoral college most prone to attack is the requirement that th election go into the House of Representatives to determine the president and into the senate t determine the vice-president if the electoral college fails to reach a majority. There might be paralyzing delay in determining the victors, and the president-elect and vice president-elec could be members of opposing political parties.
The House was called upon to elect a presiden in the cases of Jefferson and John Quincy Adams, and the Senate chose Richard M. Johnson a vice president after the election of 1836. The possibility of this happening again remains ver much alive. Should a third-party candidate carry enough states to prevent an electoral vot majority for any candidate, the House, voting by state delegation, might be prevented fro Pledged electors generally have been regarded as legally free to cast their votes as the choose, and there have been cases of defection from pledged positions.
No such deviation has had a clear effect on an election result, but the possibility raises an additional objection to th electoral college. In 1820 a New Hampshire elector voted for John Quincy Adams instead o James Monroe; in 1956 an Alabama elector voted for a circuit judge instead of Adlai E. Stevenson; in 1960 an Oklahoma elector pledged to Richard Nixon voted instead for Harry F. Byrd; in 1968 a North Carolina elector defected from Nixon to George C. Wallace; and in 198 a West Virginia elector voted for Lloyd M. Bentsen, Jr. instead of Michael S. Dukakis.
Because of this I will shown that the following, although improbable example is possbl to happen. If every single voter in the country unanimously chose “candidate A” for president the electors pledged to him still may rally against him and vote for the other candidate. Thus having 250 million votes of the people of the United State, could still lose the election based o the whimsical attitudes of electors. Although this example is not prone to actually occur, i showns the undemocratic way that we choose the most important public official in our country. With some changes this system can be modified in to an acceptable one, but why isn’t popular vote used. It is sensible, democratic and straight-forward. It is uncontroversial an allows the people of the United States to choose the person they want to lead them as president.